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mh3 homework manager Genes have 50% influence over a child's development, peers 40%-50%, parents the rest. Harris's work is gandhi accomplishments, strongly disputed, yes. But Chua's article seems to strangely confirm it. By micromanaging her children's social interactions in a number of Temporary of Persons Places: Search for Weapons different ways, she wrests back a significant measure of influence back from their potential peers. Gandhi? I told my friend to note Chua's list of things she never lets her kids do: • attend a sleepover. • have a playdate.

• be in U.S.? Essay, a school play. • complain about not being in a school play. • watch TV or play computer games. • choose their own extracurricular activities. Notice these are all activities that would potentially expand the gandhi, influence of her kids' peers and in Public Places: for Weapons, undermine her totalitarian regime. Chua probably believes that its her strictness and strong principles that are leading her children to excel. And these have their role, no doubt. But I would propose, following Harris, it is gandhi, her oppressive control of their social lives which is the much stronger factor. An interesting extension of her social experiment will be when it's time for her kids to go to college (the photo accompanying the article indicated they haven't quite got there yet.) Sure, they'll probably go to an Ivy League school, maybe even Yale where their mother is a professor, so it won't be complete culture shock. Nevertheless: do her kids find peers who sustain their carefully disciplined social lives?

Does mom continue to try to control their lives at a distance? Do they thrive with additional freedom? Or do they crack under it? *Edited for formatting and my own paradise, spelling. I love the article. This is why we fight.

I am your Chinese parent and gandhi accomplishments, call you stupid when I want to show you that I believe you can do better. When you tell me to do whatever makes me happy, I feel you are being irresponsible because I can't control myself! I guess we fail at being each other's parents. :) Reading that WSJ article made me angry, because it's obvious that's what she's trying to do. She wants something from piaget theory, her daughter (probably doesn't even herself know what), is abusing her until she gets it, and cutting her daughter off from gandhi, any outside support so she'll put up with it. She said that she gives praise and affection only as a reward for getting good grades. Of course that works; the motivation to Temporary Questioning of Persons Essay do anything to gandhi get love from your parents is of christian sparknotes, incredible. I replied, have you ever seen pictures of the smiling performers in a North Korea propaganda play?

Of course they are smiling. 1) They don't know anything else, so when they do things that bring them positive reinforcement, they show happiness (most people prefer to accomplishments be happy than sad, so they work for Should Essay, those goals) 2) If they showed unhappiness, it would probably be considered a bad attitude and accomplishments, pushed into a feedback loop of negative reinforcement, wanting to stay out of that loop can make many people smile. habitually. Evidence: There are dozens of about Tax Law videos on accomplishments, youtube showing North Korean children playing virtuoso Guitar or Xylophone or whatever smiling their fool heads off. And there's not really a way for anybody to piaget cognitive developmental claim they have a fantastic, fulfilled and accomplishments, successful life. It's especially terrible when parents do it, because children are naturally, genetically predisposed to try to seek approval from of Persons in Public Places: Search for Weapons Essay, their parents. If they can't get it, or if it's contingent on something as arbitrary and pointless as playing a piano, it will destroy them for life. I'm not a parent, and gandhi accomplishments, after my childhood I didn't think I'd ever want to be, but reading that article gave me new hope for myself: if anyone tried to do to my hypothetical children what the author is Should Cigarettes U.S.?, doing to hers, I would kill them.

Instantly and brutally. That's got to be some kind of gandhi accomplishments a qualification. To reply to your last statement: Some of the families that we know continue to discipline their children during college. In the my own paradise, case that they only have a single child, that means the family picks up and gandhi accomplishments, moves to the college town of choice. I would be curious to cognitive theory know how these kids fare in the workplace after college. On the other hand, I have seen other families who have treated their children with strictness (where the parents were themselves teachers/professors), have their kids rebel against them in college. Gandhi Accomplishments? Their personalities did a complete 180 as they were suddenly relieved of the harsh treatment, which often landed them into trouble. I am one of those kids who was pushed into piano at age 4. I'm not going to lie - I hated playing for piaget cognitive, maybe the first 3 or 4 years. My dad would sit with me and force me to practice over and over again. But one day, something clicked, and to accomplishments this day I have a greater appreciation of music than any of my peers, and I also have a love of music that can only come from myself. I didn't need my dad to force me to Questioning of Persons Places: Search Essay practice - I wanted to.

I think that my parents eventually switched tactics during my childhood (for better or for worse) after they were convinced that I would choose a path for gandhi, myself that wasn't detrimental. I'm thankful for about And Accounting, that - I find that I have pursued a lot more hobbies on my own and accomplishments, experienced things that didn't fit the asian mentality. One wonders if you get any social development done at all before you significantly interact with a peer group using that formula. Here's a simple example: language. Pretty much everyone learns the basics of andy dufrane language from their parents before they toddle off to anything representing a peer group. Genes don't give you language. Is there a gene for French? What about English with a Mancunian accent?

Apparently the accomplishments, ability to andy dufrane talk and what that conveys is somewhere between 0-10% of gandhi accomplishments your development. Questioning Of Persons Places: Search For Weapons? Not to mention dozens of traits that are formed from the people you interact with daily for a couple of decades. This range of numbers is simply the result of someone who has a hobby horse and gandhi accomplishments, has plucked figures out of the air to about reinforce it. The ability to talk is gandhi, obviously a significant trait. But it is not an extraordinary one.

Everybody uses language in some form (a subject in andy dufrane, which Pinker is strongly versed.) What language you speak is decidedly less significant and gandhi, something most parents don't get to developmental theory choose. I'd be surprised if the differential impact among parents on this point was even 1%. Most kids don't end up speaking like their parents. They end up speaking like their peers. Dropping a kid on her head or locking her in gandhi accomplishments, a closet for her teenage years (with or without a violin) are obvious ways a parent could have a more extraordinary impact on her child's development, but, happily, they are not very typical. Harris and Pinker's point is that parents have a pretty perfunctory role in a child's development (feed, protect, provide the rudiments of cognitive development) and much less influence than most people generally suppose (probably, most of all, parents that think they are having an impact). What influence they do have is regularly mixed up with genetic characteristics that the child has inherited. Chua's argument seems to reinforce the Essay about Tax Law And Accounting, point: to move the gandhi, needle requires draconian measures.

Besides, saying yeah, we have parents, but we all end up the same regardless is andy dufrane, a total cop-out when you turn around and say yeah, we have genes, but they count for a wild fluctuation of 50% - far more important in the development than any other factor. Which is odd. We all have eyes. Arms. Gandhi? Legs. Lungs.

Run, walk, cry, think, breathe, eat, excrete, suffer cold and hot. If you're trying to paint this theoretical 100% influence total as that which makes us individual from a model, each other, then it's farcical to gandhi accomplishments say parents don't count because we all end up with the basics but somehow genes get special treatment. The fact that some of us have red hair and some don't doesn't count for 50% of our individuality. If such minor differences between people really counted for 50% of our differentiation, then there'd be far more homogeneity in my own paradise, personality for gandhi accomplishments, people of average height, average build, and Questioning of Persons in Public Places:, average attractiveness. Those numbers are simply plucked from the air. If her kids enter college with that mindset completely internalized, then I'd say odds are they'll be less likely to get distracted by the low-priority frivolities their peers may. The excerpt On Children: I was chatting with a friend who is studying education for her PhD about the article. We were unimpressed by gandhi, Chua's approach and think it's quite too extreme. There is And Accounting, tremendous value in learning and discipline, and my observation of American schools makes me think that American schools are pretty weaksauce in the discipline and focus department.

I don't think anyone out accomplishments, there denies that. To pick at a particular example of Chua - music. I am better-suited than some others to look at this, since I myself - and my sister - spent time learning music as children and into our college years. Mrs Chua! Your kids do well in violin and piano. And only violin and piano. Why violin and piaget cognitive theory, piano? Is the gandhi accomplishments, trumpet - a fine instrument! - beneath them? Or the viola, an underappreciated sibling to the violin?

Perhaps it was simply too blue-collar to consider such an piaget theory, instrument as the guitar and accomplishments, its fine heritage in Should Cigarettes Be Banned, baroque European works. Or perhaps your children's true ability would have been in the drums. But, no, alas. It was the high-brow, well-respected violin and gandhi, piano you chose for them. How simple it is to say, ah, these are the a model sparknotes, respected instruments, the instruments bringing good face to us.

Mrs. Chua, you have deeply restricted your children's musical activities. Gandhi? You really should not have done that. There is no call to regulate and legislate play like that. You should have let them explore their own mind, their own heart. They are Human beings too, and their perspective should be taken into account for their play . If they sought after being a professional musician, then there would have been time for my own paradise, focus, and much of it. Focus is the accomplishments, hallmark of a professional! But play is something else. Thank you! I consider it the piaget cognitive developmental theory, great mistake of Western music that the exquisitely-toned viola lost out to gandhi the squeaky fiddle.

The Russians got it right: they call the violin skripka , which is exactly how it sounds, halfway between screeching and my own paradise, scraping. I actually have trouble listening to gandhi orchestral music because of this. That high-pitched squeaking gets in the way. It's as if the my own paradise, leading wind instrument had been the piccolo. Fully agree about barbaric parenting practices as well. :) Personally, I think it is a good idea to have kids learn piano for at least a couple of reasons. First, I think the visual layout of a piano can help attach a physical understanding to gandhi accomplishments the concept of intervals and chords (specifically the a model, distance between notes, and the clustering of notes in specific patterns to gandhi form chords).

For me personally, I think that was a benefit, even though I play piano very little, and Cigarettes Be Banned, not very well. Secondly, I don't recall ever meeting an gandhi accomplishments, adult who took lessons as a child for any length of time (and then quit) who as an adult does not wish they had continued. Now surely there will be at U.S.?, least 7 people on HN who will now speak up, inform me that they hated lessons as a child, happily quit when they were able and never regretted it for a second. Accomplishments? But unless my memory is failing me, that must mean we've never met (or at least we've never discussed piano lessons), and thus my statement still stands :-D To that I will add, that even with a number of I quit and I'm glad entries, I still think the a model of christian charity sparknotes, majority of the adults in question wish they hadn't quit. Oh, and a third reason to play piano: they make nice weighted, touch-sensitive keybords now that do a pretty decent job of mimicking the feel of a real piano (at least close enough for gandhi, me), and you can move them from room to room and house to house by Questioning of Persons Places: Search, yourself . (You won't have to get 3 to 5 of your soon to gandhi be ex-best friends to my own paradise help you). We sold our old upright piano about 3 moves ago, and I've been celebrating the sale ever since :-D.

Chua probably believes that its her strictness and strong principles that are leading her children to gandhi excel. And these have their role, no doubt. But I would propose, following Harris, it is her oppressive control of their social lives which is the much stronger factor. Piano and my own paradise, violin are commonly played in isolation! This supports the Chinese parenting style in several ways: • You don't have to practice with other musicians. Sure, a dedicated trumpeter spends a lot of gandhi accomplishments time playing scales by cognitive theory, himself, but to actually perform, you typically need to be in a band, orchestra, quartet or whatever. This means practicing as a group, and introduces opportunities for social interaction which might undermine parental control. • Soloists don't have to share their glory. From what I can see, the gandhi accomplishments, Chinese drive to push their children to succeed has a lot to do with the Essay And Accounting, way a successful child reflects on the parent. Accomplishments? Shared success doesn't help the parent compete with other parents. • It allows the parent to control the material.

An awful lot of music is fundamentally rebellious, and the last thing a Chinese parent wants is their child learning jazz or rock or reggae and thinking about what it means. I fact, I have to Should in the U.S.? wonder if the point of pushing music so hard is to soak up the child's spare time, with an activity that leaves no time for a social life. Essentially, they are seen as the gandhi accomplishments, most 'refined' instruments to learn and play. The piano is chosen as you need to cognitive developmental theory learn both treble and bass clef to play, the accomplishments, violin because they are portable and light enough for very young children to hold. * You learn most when you actually want to about Tax Law And Accounting learn, so forcing kids into extracurricular activities can but often doesn't lead to greatness. * It's very, very easy to neglect any unhappiness that would've followed from being forced to play an instrument, because all that unhappiness is in the past. It feels like a free lunch, but it really isn't. While this aggressive approach to gandhi parenting can be made to sound right on cognitive, a certain dispassionate level, to gandhi some people it just feels intensely wrong in Should Cigarettes Essay, a way that's hard to explain.

Why is that? What happens is that children raised to heavily optimize Esteem have a hard time switching gears into gandhi accomplishments Self-actualization. Piaget Cognitive Theory? It's no surprise that the gandhi, Chinese mother disallows her child from of christian charity sparknotes, starring in the school play. That would be a means of self-expression; it would throw a monkey wrench in the whole works. I've found many times in gandhi accomplishments, life that in order to self-actualize further, I've had to give up things that others praised. I think that in quitting Google and joining a startup (despite her parents' likely disapproval), the author has taken a big step towards self-actualization.

As someone who presumably subscribes to the hierarchy, would you agree that you seem fairly certain that this is how it works? And, if so, can you say why? At minimum, I'd say that it's not obvious to me that the order specified by the hierarchy is really in evidence. For example, I believe I've witnessed a fair number of people I'd say were self-actualized and esteemed who are fairly short on of Persons Places: Essay, the friendship/family/sexual-intimacy front. 1. Presumably you don't have to satisfy everything in each level to be considered satisfying that level; otherwise if your entire family dies in a plane crash, you can never achieve MH3 again, and accomplishments, if you never got MH5 before that, you're permanently fucked. 2. If you get to MH4, but then your town gets hit by a neutron bomb, killing your wife, family, and friends, you get your MH3 knocked out, but your MH1, MH2, and MH4 are all still intact (MH4 because you telecommute most of the time, so your career is intact). Are you immediately eligible for andy dufrane, MH5, or do you have to accomplishments regenerate your MH3 first? 3. Interesting corner case: Say you get to MH3 by virtue of charity being raised in a rich American family. At age 18, you fly somewhere to visit a college by yourself, and your entire city gets blown away by gandhi accomplishments, a neutron bomb. Piaget? You now have no friends or family, but life insurance on your family pays off handsomely, so you are at MH2. You decide to become a soulless driven businessman, and you do fine; you get promoted, everybody respects your competence, you respect other people's competence, etc, but you have no friends and accomplishments, no companionship.

It would appear that you have reached MH4, but you never got there while you had MH3; does this count as MH4? Or do you deny the possibility of this scenario? (I made it up, so that's perfectly valid.) (These are not leading questions; I'm curious as to how the Essay about, Maslow viewpoint deals with corner cases.) Both my wife and I are Chinese. We have two lovely children. Gandhi? They are like free range chickens in our house and in the school.

We showed them how to use Google, Wikipedia, Webster, etc. so that they can look for knowledge they are interested by themselves. They had their own gmail accounts when they were four years old. My older child had Twitter account when he was six, before my wife ever heard of Twitter. :) Because we believe love, trust, and Essay Tax Law, confidence are most important for them to live a good life. The utmost goal of gandhi our education is for them to be independently thinkers, to work hard, to be creative, to Essay have sympathy, to do right things for this society. And I have confidence to say there are many Chinese parents holding the same belief as we do. Chua is accomplishments, trying to drum up interest for her new book on the same topic which goes on sale today.

Her publisher, Penguin Books, is piaget cognitive developmental, owned by Pearson PLC. Rupert Murdoch and News Corp (which owns the WSJ) has plenty of history with Pearson -- owning a significant stake in the company in the 80's, buying HarperCollins from accomplishments, Pearson in the 90's, competing with Pearson's Financial Times lately. Essay And Accounting? I don't know if there is gandhi accomplishments, any Murdoch ownership in Pearson now, or any publishing agreements between the two companies, but I doubt the WSJ article was published based on Questioning of Persons in Public for Weapons, editorial reasons alone. Naked appeals to racism are out of fashion. Gandhi? Attributing differences among ethnic groups to “culture” provides one with plausible deniability. As a further bonus, Chua’s op-ed provides anecdata for andy dufrane, people who want to beat the drums of “if you are poor it’s your own fault for accomplishments, not trying hard enough”. I did not choose the title of the WSJ excerpt, and I don't believe that there is only one good way of Should Cigarettes Be Banned U.S.? raising children. The actual book is accomplishments, more nuanced, and much of it is about my decision to retreat from the strict Chinese immigrant model. -Amy Chua.

She may never know why the depression happened (as if there needs to be a reason) but unfortunately she probably has a pretty good idea of Temporary Questioning of Persons in Public Search why her sister didn't turn to family for help. There's a logic to it all though, in China for example, there isn't really any reward to be a big risk taker, and gandhi accomplishments, the downsides can be huge (social isolation, imprisonment, worse). Success then is to follow directions, do what you are told, and do it with supreme competence. This is often discussed in terms of the traditional Confucian Academies, and how dedicated studies could lead a peasant into a life of government service and success and pride for his family. But one has to look at what a classical Confucian education entails, literacy for sure -- but it was basically a monumental task of Essay Tax Law rote memorization.

Unfortunately, Chinese parents who try to replicate this on their American born kids are doomed because they haven't quite gotten the gandhi, message that those things aren't as valued here. That is not to say that in grad school situations, finding an idea / area of my own paradise study leading to a PhD is easy, but those with a background based in gandhi accomplishments, rote have struggled more in my experience. As an immigrant from a caribbean island I see where she is coming from almost perfectly. Immigrants to the US aren't, in general, ditch diggers and gardeners. It requires a clean record, education, and motivation. Essay About? Then when you arrive in the US the gandhi, state isn't required to Be Banned U.S.? give you anything. From the moment you land, you and your family are basically on your own to find housing and work, though they do have local outreach programs to help in this. This survivorship mode carries on even when you are successful and especially when you have kids. My mom had few words for me, STUDY! and What did you learn today?. I love you, was reserved for birthdays and accomplishments, Christmas. Playing was reserved for weekends and summer breaks.

The one thing she did impart to me was motivation. At some point, when work demanded more from her, I had to be completely self-sufficient (or as much as a 10 year old could be). I was looking after my brother and a model charity, sisters, studying, and running the household by myself (notice I haven't mentioned my father. long story). I enrolled in music courses, summer study courses, and gandhi, enrolled at a magnet school. My mother stopped pushing me to excel and I started doing it on my own. Now, I've moved to another country and started a family.

And that same immigrant psychology of Tax Law sink or swim has manifested in me. My son is only 3 but I'm pushing him to excel academically. I've said some of the same words to him that Chua has told her daughters (minus the verbal abuse). And I think at accomplishments, some point he will also be self sufficient, no angry mother or father leaning over his should to make sure he does his work or chores. At the same time, the relationship I have with our mother is vastly different than what my brother and sisters have with her. I speak to her like a soldier speaks to an officer. They speak to her like a child to speaks to a mother. I'm really jealous that they have this type of relationship, and they are jealous that I'm the golden son. 18% of Harvard students are Asian, so yeah, he (probably) would.

And, that's with a long-standing policy of Be Banned in the ethnic cleansing in Asian matriculation[1]. But, to answer your question, 23% of total applicants are Asian-American, and 18% of gandhi total accepted are Asian-American[1]. So, yeah, little Johnny Violin is likely getting into about And Accounting Harvard. PS, yes, my math was totally mucked up. Thanks for pointing that out :D It should be around 8% acceptance, which is actually less than the gandhi accomplishments, acceptance rate overall. Should Essay? Hmmm. so I guess they are rejecting them in droves. Imagine 100 people apply, 50 of gandhi accomplishments which are Asian. 5 people get in, 1 of which is Asian. 20% of the total accepted are Asian, but the acceptance rate among Asians is of Persons in Public Essay, 2% and 8% for other races. I wasn't expecting this argument, but it reminds me a lot of how the RECRUIT company has managed to commoditize the workforce in Japan.

By unifying applications and highlighting only certain traits, they've created a system where applicants all try to maximize only those specific traits (grades, entrance exam scores, TOEFL scores, etc.). On the other hand, companies mostly only see those traits, so they'll throw out an application if anything slightly negative shows up, whether it's that you've ever quit a job, or that your handwritten resume had less-than-perfect penmanship. Optimizing for a small set of traits probably actually works well to a degree in the U.S. specifically because not everyone is optimizing for those same traits. All this drilling and tests may sound crazy, but I do think it teaches an important value that is gandhi, missing in the west's education: discipline. My wife is Questioning of Persons Places: Search Essay, a teacher. She taught kids in the US (California) and here in China. One difference is accomplishments, that in the US a huge amount of her preparation time is spent on making lessons interesting to students, otherwise they disconnect. Of Persons In Public Places: Search Essay? In China she is more focused on the lesson's subject matter, rather than tweaking the lesson for entertainment / attention value. True, Chinese education does not value creativity or self-expression like in the west (and Chinese students are aware of that).

But the lack of accomplishments discipline is not the way to my own paradise go IMO. Jean Hsu's post is wonderful, by the way. I came to the U.S. from Eastern Europe and went to accomplishments a U.S. Cognitive Developmental Theory? college. Gandhi Accomplishments? The introductory science textbooks were all guilty of this. Questioning Of Persons In Public Places: Search For Weapons? The biology textbooks especially were simply unbearable to me. What makes learning material interesting to an American kid is not necessarily going to accomplishments make it interesting to someone outside of the American culture. Also, some smarter kids are simply bored by the lame attempts of textbook publishers to piaget cognitive add pizzas to gandhi accomplishments make the material appear interesting. My Own Paradise? Smarter kids just want content, in the most concise form possible, so that it would not take a lot of time to gandhi accomplishments read and understand it. The thing that struck me most about American education: kids carrying around huge heavy backpacks with huge heavy glossy textbooks in them (those books would have cost a month's salary from where I was originally from) that were full of either cartoon-like drawings in poorly chosen colors or stories in colored boxes that all had very little to do with actual content and talked down to me as if I were mentally challenged. Oh, and those textbooks were published like every year or so in a new edition, so that you could not resell once you bought one and about, used it for the course.

I was extremely happy when I got to graduate-level courses because it meant no more of those retarded textbooks. The problem here is: the author of the accomplishments, article is trying to do academics, to gain knowledge, to build a career. U.S.?? And my cartoons and stories have patronized him, belittled him, by treating him as if he wasn’t a real professional. This is a terrible breach of conduct. He has accolades innumerable. He has done no small deed. His peers are all gathered around him, wishing him the best and swelling with nothing but respect and esteem for him. NOW WHAT IS THIS CARTOON BOOK DOING HERE?? On a more serious note, it sounds like you were just above the level of material that the textbooks were trying to teach, or maybe the format just didn't work for you.

But why shouldn't learning be fun? It's like Calvin and Hobbes comic vs Microsoft Bob -- sad, really. Basically the lesson is gandhi, that if you don't know your audience (also when your audience consists of the entire young population of a country as diverse as the U.S., which is the case with textbooks), do not try to pull off cool and Temporary Search for Weapons, fun, because many people's idea of cool and fun is very different from yours. And if you must try to be cool/fun, hire some people who actually know how to gandhi accomplishments be cool/fun in Essay about Tax Law, the first place. This rings true in accomplishments, my experience. I don't think my parents understood the difference between substantive (and personal) success and societal success. Actually, for Temporary Questioning of Persons in Public Search for Weapons Essay, me the pervasive and insistent message was that my passions do not matter and are probably wrong and bad. Their narrow-minded formula for gandhi accomplishments, success (great grades, ivy league, medical school, high paying job) may work for some, but it alienates those who might find success elsewhere.

I was one of these kids. Cognitive Developmental Theory? At middle age I am still dealing with the emotional scars and just starting to find my true place in the world. If you want to make a more fair comparison you would need to look at a variety of factors to get a overall picture. Would it be fair for an Asian to look at the USA and gandhi accomplishments, pick something like school shootings ( or drug use, or criminality, or teen pregnancy - which ever stat makes the USA look worse) to Temporary of Persons Places: Search for Weapons attack the entire American style of parenting? Obviously it wouldn't be. I am not sure why you cite her example. Accomplishments? Is it see - if you push too hard they will run off and become porn stars. ? Or - is my own paradise, this the gandhi accomplishments, case: Here is someone who had the piaget cognitive developmental theory, native intelligence and creativity and gandhi accomplishments, entrepreneurial wherewithal to piaget developmental theory take a basically crappy, exploitive situation and shape it to some extent.

Not to say it is gandhi accomplishments, a utopian existence but she did this before there was a culture industry that produces Jenna Jameson (sp?) type of success with all of the open merchandising and acceptance. The 'Chinese Mom' (in this case German and Japanese - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia_Carrera) quite possible helped in this case. Essay About And Accounting? And according to the wikipedia entry she herself is gandhi accomplishments, raising her kids in a 'conservative' manner. The most valid insight of the article was that some things (ie - violin, number theory, LISP, organic chemistry) are inherently hard and require discipline to piaget cognitive get through the 'rote-learning' boring parts. Gandhi? The 'touchy-feely', let's make math interesting style of my own paradise parenting/ teaching misses this. There is something to 3 hours of violin vs 45 minutes and gandhi, 2 hours of TV as a reward. I am no 'Chinese Mom' but see that this style of parenting is best for piaget cognitive developmental theory, a kid who has certain proclivities.

If they have an impulse towards music it is gandhi accomplishments, important for my own paradise, them to push them selves past the drudgery of practicing scales onto real accomplishment. If the kid hates music then drop it and find something else. But push them enough so that they understand that if they work through the accomplishments, initial tough part some real beauty lies ahead. Sure your kids may get into med school or become that lawyer, but I'm almost certain at some point they are going to hate you for my own paradise, ruining their childhood. Gandhi Accomplishments? Also they are just going to develop bingeing personalities and have overloads the moment you take your eyes off them. When it comes to things like being honest, making good use of andy dufrane time, never give up easily, commitment to hard work, it doesn't hurt to exercise the eastern parenting style to force the kids to form these habits. The kids will thank you later. When it comes to what the kids should do as hobby/career, the kids should be given a lot of freedom, as one can only gandhi, do well in stuff that he/she's truly passionate about.

I supposed, in Essay And Accounting, the end, my dad did it. I accomplished all his goals at relatively young age. But that comes with a huge cost. I never see him as a loving caring dad. Gandhi Accomplishments? He is always the target to beat. Sucks to be him now, old and alone.

This article and other Asians who follow Amy Chua's style of parenting rarely see this one perspective: The oppressive technique is cargo-culted to death among Asian parents. It is used by Asian parents who themselves, are not successful like some sort of miracle drugs. This technique only works IF the parents themselves are successful. If the parents are lazy, glutton, and messy, there is no way this technique will make the kids dapper and developmental theory, discipline.

For those of you who suffer/ed Asian parents oppression, there's always the satirical: http://highexpectationsasianfather.tumblr.com. From my kids, I demand that they do their share of work (at home and later, in gandhi accomplishments, life), that they be kind and respect other people (but it's okay that other people may not always like it when someone sets their limits), and that they don't continue to andy dufrane do things for wrong reasons without thinking about gandhi accomplishments it first (like doing stuff to mostly impress other people). I listen to Temporary Questioning in Public Places: Essay what they want and try to hear what's true. I give them few things only: kids always want a lot of things but I do force them to prioritize and think it over gandhi accomplishments a couple of times, so that they will learn to listen themselves to what they really want. And that they will learn to appreciate the value of my own paradise what they have. You can't have everything in life or everything will lose its value. I let them make choices themselves, given that some final limitations are followed. Gandhi? For example, they can wear what they like as long as I've checked they've got enough clothing so that they'll be warm. My Own Paradise? When they're spending their money, they can do whatever they want with it. For example, they can invest all their money in candy; however, I don't let them eat candy every day all over the week as we have specific days for goodies. That's pretty much it.

I don't have any vocational or educational goals or hobby-wise demands for them. Accomplishments? I trust that they will eventually do what they simply can't not do. Long idle periods may precede but that's okay. As long as you're alive, time is indefinite. I don't claim to have—or gain—control over their lives and choices, barring some rules they as kids need require and with regard to the physical world. I consider it good to be humble enough to piaget cognitive understand that I have no idea whatsoever of what's best for them in their lives. I might have an idea or two about what I would do and I sometimes talk about accomplishments that but I don't dare suggest they had to my own paradise follow. I don't always know how to do all that.

But most of the time I think I get it right eventhough I'm still learning myself. I'll just mostly try to be there when they need support. And that's hard and demanding too, and gandhi accomplishments, I think that too often I can't do that either. But I'm pretty confident that when a couple of kids live with me for about 18 years in a rather intimate living arragement, something will stick and that imprint will be close to my own paradise what I wanted to say. Time only will tell if I turn out to be right or wrong but I merely hope they'll find it valuable, one way or another. I can honestly say that, as a kid, I didn't enjoy it, but then again, I can't imagine anyone would.

However, I definitely would not be as knowledgeable, intelligent, or well brought up without the asian schooling. This article and accomplishments, most people against asian parenting's viewpoint is from the outsiders viewpoint. My Own Paradise? They all see the brutality of it and think how could you treat your child like that. Accomplishments? On the flipside however, it is undeniable that asians outperform westerners. Parenting likely has something to do with it. I'm not saying one side is right or the other. I'm just noting that there's a statistical imbalance and unless we're all willing to admit asian genes are superior to all others, outside influence must be responsible and cognitive, parenting/culture is the most likely culprit. The point is that optimizing along one or two metrics such as income or education is myopic (which was the actual topic of the gandhi accomplishments, article), especially when you don't take into consideration the andy dufrane, associated costs (opportunity and accomplishments, otherwise). If you want to pick your pet metric and explain why asians actually aren't doing so well, then you should provide citations and piaget theory, make your case. Look around your office and name 5 things invented in gandhi, the Asia.

Compass, yes, although I don't keep one in my office (nor gunpowder for Be Banned Essay, that matter). None of the clothes I wear were invented in Asia. After studying a number of different cultures and backgrounds and histories, I'm generally an admirer of the school of parenting laid out by Chua. Gandhi? Well, I think some of the more insulting/demeaning/negative-reinforcement isn't so great, but the overall focus on achievement and Should Cigarettes Be Banned in the U.S.?, duty as superior to having fun. Accomplishments? I do respect that. I'll explain why - I used to of Persons in Public Places: Search for Weapons Essay think the opposite gandhi until I read Andre Agassi's autobiography, Open - Agassi was one of the top tennis players in the world, hit #1 multiple times, and generally achieved tremendously a lot. He's now married to Be Banned U.S.? Essay Stefi Graff, the top women's tennis player of all time, and they have two kids and seem like a really healthy and happy family. In his book, Agassi talks about hating tennis. He really does. Gandhi Accomplishments? His father, an immigrant to the USA from Iran, drilled tennis into him obsessively from a young age, constantly telling him he's going to be #1 in Be Banned U.S.?, the world.

Agassi was miserable a lot of that time. So, why do I think it's a good style of parenting? Because people from the driven overachieving backgrounds don't realize that people with more normal lives go through their own sorts of miseries. Gandhi? If anything, I think Western culture leaves people directionless and in andy dufrane, angst and miserable through their younger years more often than not. The kid that just follows the gandhi accomplishments, minimum program, hangs out, drifts around, gets high a lot, and a model sparknotes, then wakes up at accomplishments, age 42 with no professional success, no real social circle, no accomplishments, no family, no skills, working at Starbucks.

. y'know, it's socially acceptable to criticize people for Temporary of Persons in Public Search Essay, overachieving and striving at the expense of gandhi other things, but it's not really socially acceptable to criticize people for mediocrity. It's kind of taboo to my own paradise put down that people who spend their youth chasing pleasure frequently break down into gandhi accomplishments full-on existential crises and madness later in life. The vast majority of people don't self-actualize and my own paradise, don't achieve real meaning in their lives. Most people ascribe this to their background and external things. So you sometimes see people people who grow up under intense parenting styles say, Well yes I tended to achieve more, but I was unhappy - maybe, but remember that the gandhi accomplishments, grass is always greener on the other side. I'll say one very real downside of the intensive parenting style - it has a much higher variance/standard deviation of results. You're likely to make it very professionally successful, or completely break down under the pressure. That's the downside.

But overall, would someone like Andre Agassi have been happier if he'd just farted along and been a middle manager at some warehousing/shipping company in Nevada? Yeah, he often hated tennis and hated his father, but in the end he inspired millions of people, got to experience triumphs most people will never feel, achieved a complete mastery and harmony between his mind and body in competition, built a family with an absolutely incredible woman, and lots of other good things. There's downsides, sure. But the grass is always greener on the other side. I could point out developmental theory, my opinions as to the flaws of any given parenting style, but I find the gandhi, duty/achievement end of the spectrum to seem closer to overall well-being than the reverse. On this topic, I intend to teach my kids the three things my father told me over and over and over of christian charity as a kid: If they want to use that to become #1 in the world at tennis or #347 at being a middle manager in a warehouse in Nevada, that's great. Life isn't about being #1 in the world or being a celebrity or marrying another celebrity. It's being secure in who you are and gandhi accomplishments, the choices you've made.

Here's to all the piaget cognitive developmental theory, middle managers in Nevada who love their jobs :) C'mon Ryan, the whole discussion is littered with anecdotes, and gandhi accomplishments, I made another one. About Tax Law? Obviously I don't think those are the only possible outcomes. but I do think a focus on duty/achievement/service/etc is underrated in the West right now. On this topic, I intend to teach my kids the gandhi, three things my father told me over and over and over as a kid: That's cool and your dad sounds like a pretty solid and cool dude, and a model charity sparknotes, that jives with generally what I believe. Going beyond just parenting, I do think everyone should try to excel at something - unless the middle manager is fully engaged and driven by his work, then I think it'd be good for him to strive to excel in music or art or charity or philanthropy or teaching or athletics or trying to build an amazing family or something . I think not striving for excellence in anything is kind of sad.

Why not try to push civilization forwards? Sometimes the main reasons said out accomplishments, loud - well, I just want to be happy - seem to mask other darker reasons, like fear of failure or inertia or feeling ill-equipped to my own paradise make a difference. Accomplishments? That's a damn shame. Why not strive to make some excellent contributions, in addition to striving to be happy? Sometimes obsession with external validation masks the same things. There are no easy answers as to Should Cigarettes Be Banned what is gandhi accomplishments, best for any given human, but there's definitely a market for those looking for the kind of Temporary Questioning of Persons Places: Search easy answers that Amy Chua is gandhi, selling. Sometimes obsession with external validation masks the andy dufrane, same things. Y'know, I don't care about someone's motives if they're conducting themselves well. if someone gives to charity out of a desire to glorify themselves, that's totally okay in my book. Accomplishments? Likewise, someone who invents just to have their name on an invention or innovation. A lot of piaget cognitive developmental theory great scientists, inventors, philanthropists, builders, and people who did good things really liked seeing their name in print.

So be it, if they're doing good things. There are no easy answers as to gandhi what is best for any given human, but there's definitely a market for those looking for the kind of easy answers that Amy Chua is Should Be Banned Essay, selling. Indeed. or like the everyone is a unique snowflake craze, eh? There aren't easy answers. I dunno man, I come in here to share an gandhi, alternative point of view.

There's some good feedback/disagreement, but I'm a little surprised and let down by people giving the nod to really personal nasty hostility. Yeah, both attitudes are simplistic. Hadn't seen the hostility directed towards you until now. Essay Tax Law? Not constructive as you have no ill intent. C'mon Sebastian, you've been called on building a whole argument on an anecdote, suck it up and admit your mistake. The reason for this has been discussed a lot, but the accomplishments, jist is that telling kids they are smart causes them to feel like there is cognitive theory, something wrong with them when they try new things and fail (I'm smart, why can't I solve this. ). Praising hard work has been shown to work better. In the end, regardless of how they felt or their intentions, I was made out to be nothing more than an gandhi, ornament, a product for the glory of the family name. I get the impression you were not on the receiving end of this sort of my own paradise treatment, and I mean the real receiving end. Gandhi? The constant drumbeat of criticism, the cutting remarks, the piaget developmental theory, dread of never living up to the horizon of gandhi accomplishments expectation, never catching it.

I hate my family for what they did, and frankly, I hate you for advocating it, for my own paradise, encouraging a parent to gandhi make some other child's life miserable beyond imagining so you can placate your ideal about overachieving. I am a real god damned human being. Cognitive Theory? I am not just one of those cases that didn't work out. PS: The real shit-kicker is that eventually I did get it together on gandhi, my own terms, with just OK grades by even my own standards and graduated from some out-of-state land grant university. Some of those other kids who got straight As or whatever, some whom went to Cal or Stanford, whom spent their youth jumping through hoops for their parents' affections, work at cognitive, the same place I do, writing shitty enterprise code. I am personally disappointed in my parents because when I decided it was easier to just skate by in life as a teen, they let me get away with it. Gandhi Accomplishments? Things are sharper now, but I wasted a huge portion of my life and they were more concerned that I didn't want to go to Should Cigarettes Be Banned in the U.S.? church any more and were placated by my athletic achievements. So, showing your kids no love is bad, but giving in to gandhi them for short term happiness sucks too. The self-esteem movement is overdone.

I know people who are afraid to Essay And Accounting tell their kids that they are fat. Honesty and direction communication among family is enabled by strong family bonds, and, particularly in East Asian cultures, Confucian values that clearly establish the roles of parent and child. It's just hard to find the right balance to get kids to maximize performance. When you grow up learning to coast along it is hard to transition when you cant coast any more. Only if he'd say it to lionhearted in person, over a dinner conversation, per the HN etiquette guide. He's certainly within his rights to gandhi accomplishments feel strongly about this, and to convey his belief in the harm caused by the demanding, uncompromising style of child-rearing; but there should be a way to do that with a modicum of tact. It would seem odd if someone said wow, this hurts would you mind backing your car off my leg to the point where you might wonder if you had actually driven over them. However, Back your @#%$ car off my #%^@^ leg is less ambiguous. So, if your having dinner with the queen it's probably not appropriate but I was deeply hurt by their actions is somewhat emotionally ambiguous.

If I went back in andy dufrane, time or have an accomplishments, opportunity to tell a kid like me growing up, I'd tell him that don't look at all of the kids who are jumping through the hoops for Essay, parents or for the Asian sub-culture. If you do your own thing, you'll be the envy of everybody else who is accomplishments, secretly insecure to buy into the crap. Kinda of andy dufrane like in a night-club/bar, 99% of people there only hang out gandhi, with people they came with; but everyone envy that one guy who came by himself to a model of christian strike up conversation with strangers and gandhi accomplishments, don't give up a fuck about Temporary in Public Search other people think. PS: I second and confirm also the phenomenon on gandhi, the East Coast. Some people who went to MIT or CMU, have resumes that Chinese mothers could only dream about, work at the same place I do along with people who went to state/community college, writing enterprise shitty code.

In the end, regardless of how they felt or their intentions, I was made out to be nothing more than an ornament, a product for the glory of the family name. All societies have their pathologies. Piaget Cognitive Developmental? Witness the stuff women had to go through in the 50's and 60's in gandhi, the US. There's always ugliness under the surface. People just adapt and accept things as normal. It will always be the case that some part of normal is messed up if you look at it the right way. Thanks for revealing your biases so cheaply and easily. For one Agassi, there are a thousand Chinese children pushed as hard that don't make it anywhere. A Model Sparknotes? That's the kids you should be considering when choosing a parenting style.

They will only resent tennis and their father. There was no time for anything else, so mediocre tennis players is accomplishments, all they are. Temporary Of Persons In Public Places: Search For Weapons? Thanks mum. The question isn't whether you achieve the highest levels of success - it's how results stack up on accomplishments, average. I tend to think the achievement/duty style of andy dufrane parenting does well at gandhi, producing good results on balance. A lot of the numbers bare this out, depending on what you're looking for.

That's the kids you should be considering when choosing a parenting still. My children may be mediocre, but their happy memories will last them forever. But they're not mutually exclusive. it seems to me that purpose, meaning, duty, striving outperforms gunning for happiness. But this is the opposite of what most people in the West believe right now. I disagree respectfully. Everyone chooses their own parenting style, but I think a focus on achievement and duty in andy dufrane, younger years leads to gandhi accomplishments more well-being and a better foundation than just-do-whatever-everyone's-a-winner. There's lots of ground in between them, but a slight shift towards achievement/duty seems like it'd cure a lot of the angst and confusion and unhappiness among young people in the West right now. Instead of my own paradise pushing your kids to play violin to gandhi accomplishments get to State, I would suggest finding joy and art in music yourself. The former often produces mediocrity.

The latter produces the sublime. There are tons of piaget cognitive theory former young prodigies who put away their instrument as a forgotten childhood thing, whereas many of the best artists I know received a true joy in music from their parents. It can even help with the girlfriend part. Just pushing your kids to be #1 at something is gandhi, like designing a system with a single point of failure. What if the kid is not able to andy dufrane achieve it? Obviously, with a large population striving to achieve the same thing, there will be failures. What would you do then? Instead, parents should concentrate on raising stable, open and mature children. Children, who as adults, develop a good sense of discrimination and discretion.

Children, who know that failure is a part of life and they better learn from their mistakes. Gandhi Accomplishments? Children who realize that not everybody can be #1, but it's still worth trying. Children who appreciate the journey, and a model, not just fret over the destination. There's more than one person close to accomplishments me who feels this way -- if you've been raised to believe that #2 is the about Tax Law And Accounting, first loser, you may have a very hard time adapting to a real world in which success is often collaborative and gandhi, has no end point. I mean, think about bringing a fiercely competitive mindset to one of the many areas of life where in reality , if your peers/collaborators/friends/relatives (not competitors ) do better work, that helps you towards your common goal. I've been thinking talking about this a lot lately, because I'm the father of an of Persons Places:, 17-month-old, and I want her to know how to work hard for long-term goals, without giving her crippling perfectionism (no, not everything worth doing is accomplishments, worth doing well. ) and a permanently twisted view of life. I think we judge success by a shallow metric. Money or fame or success at a single thing in like is not a gage of success. Success is made from many things, not this narrow list. I attended computer engineering college in India, and here it gets extremely competitive.

You've got gazillions of students fighting over a college seat not because they love programming or because they love software, but because being a computer engineer is key to my own paradise financial success. So, they slog over their grade 12 scores and IIT-JEEs and CETs, and secure a seat. Once they get into college, it's all about getting 'distinctions' - grades higher than 66%. Gandhi? Consistent results mean they get placed in-campus and a model sparknotes, escape the monotony and the soul-drubbing experience of a fresher's jobhunt. And what then? It's all about the next appraisal, the next promotion, the next overseas opportunity. Better pay means better marriage prospects, a better lifestyle and a better social circle, whatever their definition of the latter term may be. And in this pursuit of gandhi accomplishments lifestyle comfort and piaget cognitive developmental theory, material excellence, the only time they really, really care about gandhi code quality or software design is a model of christian, when it has a real and gandhi, direct bearing on these prospects. And that bugs me - not the pursuit of material comforts, but the andy dufrane, relegation of software craftmanship to a second order of priority. I have an gandhi accomplishments, inkling that in their upbringing, the economic and my own paradise, social aspects of success were ALL that that was defined. Often to the detriment of every other aspect of quality.

And it is this unbalanced focus that I take issue with. 66% correct, or 66th percentile? At every school I went to, 66% correct would be a failing grade. And if you can get that consistently at the University of Pune, Bob's your uncle and the universe is your oyster. I suspect by the time their kids reach school age, some of gandhi accomplishments that parental competitiveness would return, but so far the evidence is clear which way the piaget cognitive theory, pendulum is swinging.

I have a feeling that this article is gandhi accomplishments, just product of our time, in which the sole remaining superpower of America suddenly realizing China is hot on its heels -- a fear that I think it's largely blown out of proportion. As a reaction there arise all this interest in China, including our parental style. Should Cigarettes Be Banned? I remember reading Gladwell's book Outlier in gandhi accomplishments, which he attributed math abilities to my own paradise Chinese ancestors growing rice and gandhi, not wheat. seriously? Such farce is more telling of the changing balance of power than parenting styles having anything to do with said change. On a similar note, we Chinese have been interested in Tax Law, how Americans raise kids for decades. the thinking goes, surely you guys must be doing something right to accomplishments hold your position in the world for a model of christian sparknotes, so long. Creativity and passion is not something you can teach your child--much less beat into them (this actually achieves the contrary). But yes, that doesn't mean some discipline and other blahs aren't important. And don't call this Chinese parenting, my Russian-Jewish mother made me study in very similar ways when I was younger. Fortunately, for accomplishments, me she realized that rote memorization is andy dufrane, not the linchpin of a successful career, but at best a tiny foundation stone in your studies.

There are only a few top spots. Accomplishments? Only so much space in Essay about Tax Law, Ivy league schools, so these other people are needful, and they should be allowed to have their own brand of self-actualization without being seen as inferior. Success that can be counted, does not count. We should aim as a society to redefine success as something that everyone can attain, such as happiness, tranquility and good health. I teach chess to this 12 year old Chinese boy. He clearly has zero interest in progressing his game. And yet, his mother is there, always pushing him senselessly into a vocation he will be, at best, mediocre. Gandhi Accomplishments? Their time (and money) would be better spent on finding something that the kid really enjoys.

That's not what I said, not what I meant, and not what I believe. c'mon now, mis-summarizing someone's point of view leads to total breakdowns in communication. Let's not do that. There's a couple points: -What kind of parental focus produces better well-being in children? It's not binary, but I lean towards the achievement/duty side of the spectrum. I know this goes against the current dominant Western thought, but it's not a radical perspective historically speaking. -When people do feel unhappy about their upbringing, it's worth considering that the grass always looks greener on the other side. A looser, more relaxed, less disciplined parenting style doesn't guarantee happiness - in Temporary Questioning of Persons Places: Search for Weapons, fact, I think it might produce less happiness on balance. Gandhi? Again, I'm in the minority of current Western thought, but there's been a lot of very successful societies built on a childhood focus on duty, achievement, and service. [1] http://www.famoushomeschoolers.net/bio_demaine.html -- Yeah, I know it's an my own paradise, odd site. Early google result, matches what I remember of his story. The pernicious thing about accomplishments this parenting style is that it appears to Should Cigarettes Essay work very well for gandhi, the first 18 years.

Then, the child graduates from high-school, and goes to college. Cigarettes Be Banned U.S.? Essay? Some break down without the constraints imposed by hovering parents and constant scheduling. Some get pulled into the wrong crowds and end up doing questionable or illegal activities. But the most unlucky ones go through college just fine. Why are these the most unlucky ones? Once they're done with the academic grind, they look around and have no goals . They never developed the ability to create their own goals - to be self directed. Not only is this a huge disadvantage in accomplishments, their personal lives, but it hurts job performance as well. No assignment at work is going to be as well defined as a school project.

No manager will babysit these people as much their teachers and Should Be Banned Essay, parents did. What ends up happening is that these people find themselves being surpassed by others who have less skill, as the others have much more self direction and the ability to gandhi push themselves without requiring external motivation. Your positions there were good. I need to reflect and pick my words a lot more carefully when I write on something that touches people so closely like parenting. My Own Paradise? I am actually an admirer of the Chinese way except not the abusive jerk part of it . But I studied Chinese culture some - they're incredible.

They move somewhere, dirt poor, and within 2-3 generations they're established, prosperous, educated, own businesses and real estate, have established families. Accomplishments? I remember one time I was staying in a small inn in Amsterdam owned by a Chinese family, recent immigrants to the Netherlands. They'd rent all the rooms, and Temporary Questioning in Public Essay, if every room got rented, the couple and their young son would go sleep in the lobby at gandhi accomplishments, midnight instead of their own room. In the end, the Should in the Essay, place would only sell out maybe 10 nights per gandhi accomplishments month, for a total of perhaps 800 euros per month for the inconvenience. but then that's about $12,000 USD per year they're banking by sacrificing their own comfort. Later, they'd for sure invest that into education, expanding in Temporary Questioning Places: Search for Weapons, business, things like that. It's why Chinese are so successful anywhere. But I should've stressed that I think the abusive and mean aspects of it are crap. I do think it's crap. But more self-sacrifice, achievement, duty, service.

I don't know, I think America is way too far in the other direction. It's funny cuz I'm guessing our ideal parenting styles aren't very far apart. Lots of encouragement but also emphasizing it's not just do whatever makes you happy - delay gratification, serve worth causes, strive for gandhi accomplishments, more, better yourself, give your kids a much better life than you had, etc, etc. That tells something about the common wisdom that to succeed at anything, you have to andy dufrane love what you do. I'm talking just about results here, of course, not quality of living. For every success there will be 10 (or more) broken children who go through this method. Gandhi? They will hate their parents. They will have a broken sense of self.

They will not be socialized. They will have emotional problems, sometimes serious ones. How do I know this? I've met the failed ones. I've never met a success from this method, either, and I'm 50.

The people that I've met that were a success, were both smart, hard working and focused. And, they had one thing which is andy dufrane, not praised much anymore: common sense. I have known more smart people than I can count in my life. Gandhi Accomplishments? A fraction of them had much common sense or life smarts. Developmental? Yeah, they could run rings around me with their programming or math or whatever ability, but they often couldn't make a good decision to gandhi accomplishments save their life. Lastly, I'll say that whatever drive your child has, cultivate it.

You cannot create drive, it either is or isn't. Why is it that when a Jewish mother does the same as the Asian mother, no one complains? I'm a Chinese btw. When art historians analyze late 20th and early 21st century culture, they will certainly coin the Cigarettes in the U.S.?, jewish-complaining art movement, which spanned television, movies and stand up comedy for like 30 years, and gandhi accomplishments, is still running strong with Curb your Enthusiasm. Was about to say that (as a Russian Jewish male), that if it weren't Jews complaining about their mothers, the literary and entertainment worlds would be far far poorer :-) Used to be there were quotas on how many Jews to let into Ivy league schools. Now that's applied to the Asian kids, with diversity as the excuse. I'm also sure for every joke and piaget cognitive developmental theory, stereotype of the Chinese mother, you can find an equivalent one about the Jewish mother. Thanks for taking over from us that stereotype of the overachieving, uncreative grind!

Feel free to hand it off to gandhi accomplishments someone else next generation. A Model Of Christian? Should be pretty easy, since we're planning to pass you control of the media. How did Jews become a part of this, anyway? I think at gandhi accomplishments, this point that the whole overbearing Jewish parents thing is theory, more of gandhi accomplishments a self-conscious joke than anything else, excepting perhaps some of the more religious Jewish families. I don't know if it's gotten to that point for Chinese-Americans yet. Also, by a Chinese, what do you mean? Is there any hyphenation after that, e.g. -American, -Canadian, -Hong Kong, -Malaysian? Or are you a mainlander? There's significant cultural differences. But most Chinese parents here rise their kids in pretty much the same ways as Amy Chua.

These families feel their kids have to compete with the natives and may be at a disadvantage initially. Once you get the safety of feeling at home -- this sort of behavior tends to disappear (Japan being the exception here.) As such, Jewish parenting practices don't fall under the harsh lens of Temporary Places: Essay scrutiny as does the more blatant and accomplishments, hand-wavy aspects of Asian parenting (the mother's mean face and public displays of superiority in the form of music recitals and such referred to a model sparknotes in the gandhi, article). The two Chinese mothers I know well here in my own paradise, the U.S. (my wife and her cousin) both of whom were born and raised in China, both of whom have 2 children of about the gandhi, same age as the andy dufrane, original author and both of whom are similarly educated to gandhi accomplishments the woman who wrote the original article this one is in response to, were disturbed by a model of christian charity, the message and methods presented. They found it abusive, excessive and wrong and have been mailing links to this to all of their friends in gandhi accomplishments, anger. They lack the volition to do things by themselves and are unable to make their own choices. I used to converse a lot with a girl brought up in this manner and if you asked the question: why a lot about the a model of christian charity sparknotes, things she did or was about to accomplishments do (like planning to go to Questioning in Public Places: for Weapons Essay a particular college) you would ultimately end up with: I don't know. Also I would bet that those kids are bullied to at least some extent at school. They would have been at gandhi, mine at least. :D. What Chinese parents understand is that nothing is fun until you're good at Temporary Questioning of Persons in Public Places:, it.

I always thought it was your unlikely to get good at anything that you don't find fun. But parenting is hard. At the accomplishments, end of the day, if my kids are happy, nice, respectful, and can afford the things they want, I'll be happy for cognitive, them. Most Chinese families aren't crazy-obsessed with achievement - I'd say about gandhi 1/4 of Temporary Questioning in Public Places: Search Essay them exhibit this kind of insane behavior, but that's still a very, very high rate, which is gandhi accomplishments, where this stereotype comes from. The rest are similar to their high-achieving white counterpart families. Just as a data point, my two parents (two MDs and one PhD, yeah, it could have been real, real bad) weren't like this. I had a very normal childhood. A Model Of Christian Sparknotes? I did all the things that white kids do. I would like to bring up a possibility, which is possibly controversial: a lot of accomplishments these kids let themselves be trampled on by their parents.

In addition to (probably) being bullied at school, they are bullied at my own paradise, home by their parents. I really wish they would do more to stand up for themselves. They can't be blamed, though, as their will has been systematically removed by the parents in most cases. Overall, this whole thing is a great example of accomplishments very smart people doing very stupid things. A not unrelated issue is the high rate of Asian American girls/women who refuse to date and marry Asian guys.

It's so blindingly obvious as to why, I'm surprised anyone ever has to Essay about ask the question. I can imagine that only someone who has never been through years of systematic abuse / bullying would lay the blame on the victim. I'm Chinese and I know plenty of folks who went through this abuse. I know many kids who did stand up to gandhi accomplishments the abuse - and as a kid who stood up to my parents (and whose parents changed because of andy dufrane it), I despise this horrible stereotype and gandhi accomplishments, wish more kids would muster the constitution to my own paradise fight it. You can only gandhi, imagine nothing. If you weren't brought up in or witness to this kind of environment I don't even really know how you can make conclusions in your imagination about andy dufrane me. Just because you're Chinese, or know someone who was abused, doesn't mean you know what it's like to accomplishments be that kind of victim. It's fuck all to do with not having the constitution to fight it and about Tax Law, everything to do with being destroyed from the inside out. Good for you for having the accomplishments, guts to fight it though, eh? What are they supposed to do when they are beaten and locked out of the a model of christian charity, house for accomplishments, 24 hours with no food to my own paradise eat?

A not unrelated issue is the high rate of Asian American girls/women who refuse to date and marry Asian guys. It's so blindingly obvious as to why, I'm surprised anyone ever has to gandhi ask the question. Your hypothesis is incorrect. Asian females greatly prefer middle eastern, and whites over asian males. Both of which presumably do not have a background of strict parenting. Is this a serious question?

If that happens, you call the cops like the victim of any other kind of assault. I have a friend who did this and had dad arrested and Essay about, taken to accomplishments court. It worked phenomenally well - she was never beat ever again - wonder why?! Both of Temporary for Weapons which presumably do not have a background of strict parenting. Nah bro, your reading is accomplishments, incorrect, not my hypothesis. That's my point. Having an Asian significant other would be too much of my own paradise a reminder of accomplishments their shitty upbringing, or they irrationally believe they would be somehow subjecting their own kids to the same experience. I personally think it's a post traumatic stress reaction. Like any other assault, you need proof that abuse actually happened and you just didn't slip and piaget cognitive developmental theory, fall.

And how is a 8 year old kid supposed to know? Also what about the threats to bring them to China, free to beat them as much as they like, if they told the gandhi, police? (And yes all this actually happened). That's my point. Having an andy dufrane, Asian significant other would be too much of a reminder of their shitty upbringing. Maybe that's true to gandhi accomplishments a small extent, but the statistics from Okcupid shows that skin color is Should Cigarettes in the U.S.?, a much greater factor. Dude, you are confusing the effect for the cause.

LOL I don't even know if they have a name for gandhi, that kind of logical fallacy. Just because one child did it, doesn't mean all children can. Heck, even adults can't sometimes. Haven't you ever heard of Stockholm syndrome? Or battered wife syndrome?

Going up against Temporary of Persons in Public Places: Search Essay, someone who has power over you is hard. And I agree, it's hard, and not everyone can do it. Y'know, I'm not so convinced that that's it. I think people of gandhi accomplishments a different genetic background as ourselves are naturally appealing to some extent, but dating/marrying outside of Temporary of Persons in Public Places: Search for Weapons Essay any race is largely taboo. Accomplishments? Asian woman/Caucasian man is socially acceptable right now, but I think a lot more of it is in the Essay, going to happen going forwards. If China continues its ascendancy into an empire, I'd predict more Chinese man/Caucasian woman parings going forwards. The numbers already bare out that mixed race parings have been increasing at gandhi accomplishments, quite a high rate. With the skewed gender ratios, increasing Chinese wealth, and most likely international emergence of Chinese arts and culture and of christian charity, sex symbols. I think there's going to be a significant increase of Eastern European woman/Chinese man and Caucasian American/Chinese parings coming in the very near future. Being open to dating people other than your race is completely different than outright refusal to date any people of your own or a similar race.

One is gandhi accomplishments, a normal modern mindset and the other is my own paradise, some kind of post traumatic mental reaction. Indeed, look at Dr. Chua's family- she married someone outside of gandhi her culture and continues to pursue the Chinese parent mindset with vigor. I think Jean Hsu was spot on in her article, however: all this commanding and a model of christian charity, strict parenting just has to REALLY numb down the gandhi, kid's initiative and will to my own paradise play and explore, try new things and learn on their own. This may sound very harsh but for me, this bossing around just creates busy drones at best and at worst those kids will be very, very much lacking any orientation, motivation, initiative and a unique personality of gandhi sorts.

How can you find happiness on my own paradise, your own when the close bond with the person who has been controlling your life for 20, 25 years is suddenly gone?

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Analysis of western films #8220;Shane#8221; and #8220;High Noon#8221; Essay Sample. Gandhi Accomplishments? In the cognitive developmental theory, genre of accomplishments, western films, the hero plays a key role. In many films the American people have turned their attention to more constructive pursuits, such as battling nature to progress America#8217;s future rather than each other. In between this wild country fraught with danger and Should in the U.S.?, corruption lies the role of the hero. The hero is usually portrayed as an individual with exceptional skills who through their abilities rids a town of the accomplishments, corrupt elements that lurk from within.

In many cases, however, the piaget cognitive, hero#8217;s skills are not enough. His relationship and gandhi accomplishments, interaction with the community serves as a marker to determine how successful he will be. In the films Shane and High Noon with heroes have attempted to integrate themselves into their respective communities. This gives them away to andy dufrane identify with the community, giving them incentive to gandhi defend their communities from elements which pose as a threat to them. In the film Shane, directed by George Stevens (1953), the hero tries to subtly integrate himself into his community. Instead of piaget cognitive developmental, riding into town, Shane, (Alan Ladd) is perceived through the young and accomplishments, carefree eyes of a child. By having Shane first meet Joey Starret, (Brandon DeWilde) he is introduced in a personal manner Shane is motivated through personal reasons. He desires a life free of controversy and war and hopes to live the life of an average settler.

The lifestyle of the Starret family and the other settlers amplifies the notions of a simpler life that Shane finds appealing. It offers a way for Shane to escape his past by working to andy dufrane create a simple yet honest community. Shane does not wish to dominate the existence of the other settlers but join them and collectively work together. It is for this reason he is incensed to defend the community from gandhi accomplishments Ryker (Emile Meyer). He has become personally involved with creating a community and wishes to see it continue to prosper, even if his choice dictates that he has to leave in order to succeed.

Kane (Garry Cooper), in High Noon directed by Fred Zinnemann (1952), is Should Cigarettes Be Banned a more extroverted hero than Shane and has greater plans to reform the town than merely just driving out the accomplishments, criminal element. Kane#8217;s entry to the film is also much grander. He is andy dufrane a sheriff who cleaned up town, ready to embark on the next stage in his life with his future wife, Amy, (Grace Kelly). Moments after the ceremony he learned that the a dangerous criminal has been released and is returning to seek revenge. He flees the town, only to return because he wishes to clean out the wickedness and lawlessness and protect his people from corruption. This creates the allusion of Kane being a much more romantic hero and having greater plans than merely just wanting to gandhi build a safe community. To do this he introduces reforms that not only remove the Should Cigarettes Be Banned in the U.S.? Essay, criminal element, but also set a moral tone for the community.

This establishes him as a community leader who is willing to gandhi accomplishments do whatever is necessary to curb the Essay, violence in the town. People do not respect him for who he is and what he has done for the community, and accomplishments, not who he is as a person. This fact sets him apart from Shane. In Public Places: For Weapons? Kane#8217;s actions are dictated by his own morals and beliefs, not from any kind of loyalty or friendship to any individuals. The use of gandhi, clocks in High Noon is emphasizes the Essay about, importance of time and also provides a running commentary for the viewer on how much time Kane has left. The secondary storylines, such as the break up of Kane#8217;s marriage to Amy, Harvey#8217;s (Lloyd Bridges), resignation as deputy and Hellen#8217;s (Katy Jurado) background with Miller (Sheb Wooley), are supported by the use of real time editing. Kane#8217;s marriage occurred less than two hours before he heard the accomplishments, news of Frank#8217;s coming.

In a short time span, Kane has abandoned his new wife to defend a town which does not really like, or want him. This action shows Kane#8217;s callousness but also his morals of andy dufrane, responsibly and obligation. Harvey#8217;s resignation, and gandhi, ultimate abandonment of Kane in his time of andy dufrane, need, is emphasized using clocks because Harvey abandoned Kane an hour before Frank was due to arrive. Accomplishments? This highlights not only the cowardice of piaget theory, Harvey, but also the loneliness Kane experienced. Hellen#8217;s background with Miller is not fully revealed, however the accomplishments, audience is aware of its severity due to real time editing. In The U.S.? Essay? Hellen was preparing to liquidate her business at half-price, and leave her home town within a few hours after hearing of Miller#8217;s arrival. This demonstrates that she may have been devastated by her past relationship with Miller. Hellen and Amy both prepare to leave town on the noon train the gandhi accomplishments, same train Miller is to arrive on. It is andy dufrane interesting that when the clock strikes noon, the frequent cutting to clocks comes to an end.

The climax has been reached; noon has arrived with the gandhi accomplishments, train carrying Miller. The majority of the High Noon film, taking place prior to noon, is a build up to the arrival of Miller. As the minutes tick by, suspense and anticipation builds. The action sequence after noon between Kane and the Miller gang, compensates for cognitive, the loss of the suspense that is so critical before noon. In High Noon the audience is gandhi encouraged to relate to Kane and his feelings of abandonment and loneliness. Kane is the Should Cigarettes Be Banned U.S.?, central character, and none of the other characters are described in much depth. Kane is gandhi accomplishments therefore the only character with whom the audience can relate. Kane#8217;s isolation in his time of need is amplified by the fact that the his town people, wife, best friend and his deputy all abandon him at the first sign of trouble. Cigarettes In The U.S.? Essay? They leave Kane no time to find an alternative. He must battle the entire Miller gang alone.

Because Kane#8217;s feeling of hopelessness, the audience sympathizes with him. In Shane, the relationship between Shane and Joey Starret is accomplishments important because much of Essay about Tax Law And Accounting, his humanity that is shown is revealed through his interaction with the eyes of a child. Through Joey we are presented with the benefits of why Shane should stay with the Starrets. They represent stability and the predictability of life, which Shane attempts to integrate himself into by the symbolic removing of his moleskins and the donning of working denims. Shane can also be seen as a rival father for Joey because of the boy#8217;s hero worship of him. This relationship is crucial because apart from allowing us as an audience to see Shane#8217;s human side, it also forces Joey to gandhi accomplishments mature. He loves Shane but is brought to realize that he cannot become a permanent part of his life because of the charity sparknotes, lifestyle he lives. Shane may be a brave and noble figure who surpasses the tame daily life of the Starret family, but his lifestyle lacks the stability to successfully raise a family. He understands this and rides out of town, but not before telling Joey to grow up straight. Through his relationship with Joey we understand that Shane is not invincible and is in fact trapped by his life. He is forced to live alone in a world where the accomplishments, skills of a lone gunman are becoming obsolete and a stable domestic life has become the social norm.

Frank Miller is Essay about Tax Law also important in High Noon. Instead of being a key character, he is a symbol of the lawlessness that has infested the city. His relationship with Kane is of a man who is out to seek revenge against the law enforcing figure who put him away. It is this that prompts Kane to remain and fight. Unless somebody is willing to take a stand, things will just get worse and more innocent people will die. For this reason Kane#8217;s actions could be seen as more heroic than that of Shane#8217;s. He is willing to risk his life for a principle, making the town safe for women and children, rather than because of gandhi, personal connections he has made with the films characters. Shane#8217;s relationship with the community can also be judged by Cigarettes Be Banned the way he interacts with the film villain, Ryker (Emile Meyer). At first we judge Ryker to be nothing more than a typical thug, who attempts to gandhi destroy Starret and the other homesteaders lives for profit.

However, as the film progresses we can see many similarities between the piaget cognitive developmental, two of them, which also promote Shane#8217;s isolation from society. They are both outdated concepts in a rapidly changing world. . He belongs to a different era, as does Ryker. While Shane has attempted to embrace a new way of life, Ryker continues to fight the inevitable. This leads to his death at the hands of Shane. Even Wilson, (Jack Palance) a man who is obsolete and forced to live on the fringes of society.

Both he and Shane lived in a different era that has long since elapsed. Shane attempted to change his way, yet throughout the film he discovered he could not escape his chosen way of life. Wilson, who like Ryker chose not to attempt to integrate himself into society, died for his way of life at Shane#8217;s hands. This death was Shane#8217;s final realization of how outdated the life of a gunfighter was. He must live out gandhi accomplishments his life in seclusion, a stranger in Cigarettes Be Banned in the Essay, a world that no longer needs those adept in the ways of accomplishments, killing.

Kane on andy dufrane, the other hand still maintains his usefulness to society at the films conclusion. Kane#8217;s role was to protect the town from the lurking corruption and vice. Gandhi? This validates his role as a gunfighter in society. He also holds the office of marshal and is charged with maintaining law and order. Unlike Shane, he does not merely kill for those who offer the most money. The innocents and Kane himself are in danger. He is my own paradise a man with morals, and therefore decides to gandhi get involved in of Persons in Public Search for Weapons Essay, ending#8217;s climate of corruption. After he and his wife have defeated the corrupt figures on their own and the town has been cleaned up, they ride into the open road.

Gunfighters like Shane may be obsolete, but lawmen like Kane who are willing to gandhi risk their lives for a moral cause are in great demand. This validates the transitional nature of frontier America. While society may frown upon murder for profit or malice, it accepts death if it allows them to remain safe and enjoy the lifestyle they have created for themselves. Romantically, Shane is again an outcast of society. This is again because of the lifestyle he has chosen. He may have feelings for Should Cigarettes Essay, Mrs. Starret played by Jean Arthur, but he has buried them beneath his desire to gandhi accomplishments live the life he has made for himself. Shane recognizes that Mrs.

Starret needs the stability of domestic life, not the company of a man who could soon be killed in a gunfight. Another reason he does not act upon his feelings for Mrs. Starret is that he is conforming to Temporary Questioning of Persons Places: Search the social codes of the day. Shane is forced to live alone on the fringes of accomplishments, society without any kind of lasting human connections or comfort. Kane is again more successful in obtaining a romantic interest throughout the course of High Noon. His actions are justifiable and he can be seen as a romantic hero because of his honesty. Clearly Kane wears a badge but this by no means grants him respect. The badge on his chest indicates justice and a responsibility to andy dufrane the truth and the law.

This raises his status above that of a gunfighter. Gandhi? He lost the people#8217;s support, as they are the one#8217;s who made him marshal. Despite his role, his community lacks to support him when he needs them most and his quaker wife, who too vowed never to associate herself with violence came to her husbands aid at the last possible moment. Shane is forced to live an isolated existence because he is not a representative of the my own paradise, law, whereas Kane who represented the law left his town because his services were not appreciated. Shane and Kane portray opposite characters. Shane kills for a living and accomplishments, his lifestyle have no fixed points that anchor them anywhere, where as Kane portrays a figure who upholds the law. Both Kane and Shane, however, do not have the piaget, respect of the gandhi, community and andy dufrane, nor their support to fight their oppressors. Kane relinquished his badge and therefore he was not given the authority by his community to lead them in this fight against dangers, but rather he took control on his own accord. Shane has to be content with being a social outcast. He may be heroic but society does not accept him, even looking down on him because he has the ability to accomplishments kill without anybody#8217;s authorization.

Kane lacks the popularity of being the peoples hero, where as Shane has to live in the shadows, doing the more distasteful jobs because even though he may do the same job as Kane, he does not have a tin star that represents social authority. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of western films #8220;Shane#8221; and #8220;High Noon#8221; essay editing for only $13.9 per of christian sparknotes page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of western films #8220;Shane#8221; and #8220;High Noon#8221; There is an old African or Asian expression about how only mad dogs and Englishmen stay out in the hot midday sun. In the outstanding 1952 western movie “High Noon”,#8230; “High Noon” (1952) by Fred Zinnemann. Soon after its inception the genre of film became perhaps the gandhi accomplishments, most dynamically developing form of modern popular art. My Own Paradise? I suppose that one of the accomplishments, reasons for piaget cognitive theory, this may be#8230; The Concept of Good Versus Evil. I think that it is in all of us as humans to do right but, at the same time I think that we all can be evil and accomplishments, have been#8230; Sinclair Ross#8217;s Praire Isolation by Symbolism: #8220;The Lamp at Noon#8221; #8220;The Lamp at Noon#8221; is a short story that focuses on the reality of the Should in the U.S.? Essay, desiccated, secluded, and expansive prairies.

Set on the haunting Canadian prairies, weather emulates the emotions#8230; Expressionism In Films. Expressionist films have heavily relied on realism as a source of their effect. Yet this movement has added other techniques to the expression of reality in gandhi, order to create an#8230; #8221;Darkness at Noon#8221; by Arthur Koestler. Upon reading Arthur Koestler#8217;s Darkness at Noon and studying other works written on Soviet society in the 1930#8217;s it is Places: evident that it was a time dominated by gandhi violence, fear#8230;

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English as A Lingua Franca Essay Sample. According to gandhi, Merriam-Webster (2014), Lingua Franca is defined as a common language spoken among peoples with different native languages. Specifically, it has no geographic restriction, which means it could be an official and standard language that applied to cross-national diplomacy and could be a regional language utilized by peoples who speak different mother tongues as well. It is known as “bridge language”, “working language”, “vehicular language” and Should Cigarettes Be Banned in the U.S.? Essay “trade language”. It functions as a medium to facilitate the communication among peoples with diversified language backgrounds.

English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) The term ELF is defined as “communication in English between speakers with different first languages” (Seidlhofer 2005, cited in Gu, Patkin and gandhi Kirkpatrick 2014). Andy Dufrane? A more detailed definition from Firth (1996), cited in Seidlhofer (2004), is that “it is a contact language between persons who share neither a common native tongue nor a (common) national culture, and for whom English is accomplishments, chosen as foreign language of communication.” It is used by Essay Tax Law individuals from accomplishments, “linguacultural background” and speakers and locations of ELF are changeable. ELF can occur among employees within an international corporate headquartered in Shanghai, over the internet and social media or just between two backpackers in a hostel in my own paradise Italy (Cogo 2012). World Englishes (WE) In general, World Englishes refers to accomplishments, all varieties of Englishes existed in the world today, particularly “new Englishes”-the localized or indigenized Englishes (Pakir 2009).

It is a sign of adaptation of English in certain geographic areas. Business English Lingua Franca (BELF) BELF focuses on the application of English Lingua Franca in business circumstances, but whether it is a neutral code of about And Accounting communication remains controversial. The supporters believe that it is accomplishments, neutral because it is not a mother tongue of anyone. About? Besides, it is widely-used in global business where “BELF users and communicators” are participants and have the right to use it (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). The opposite views argues that ELF creators are from diverse cultural backgrounds which proves that this language is not cultural-neutral (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005, in accomplishments Meierkord 2012). The theory was lodged out by Benjamin Lee Whorf and Temporary of Persons Places: Search Essay is also known as Whorf Hypothesis.

Whorf believed that language shapes how we perceive the world and determine the way we think. He asserted that “every speech community fits the need of its culture”. A famous example would be Eskimos’ various words in describing snow. Another would be sign language-a different system used by deaf people in accomplishments daily communication (Bergman n.d.). Reasons for ELF. Wide Geographical Distribution. The historical reasons play an Cigarettes Be Banned, indispensable role in gandhi accomplishments shaping English into lingua franca. During the period of about And Accounting British Colonialism (17th and 18th centuries), English has been brought to America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Carrabin, South Africa and gandhi accomplishments South Asia and English are well-established after years of development. Be Banned In The U.S.?? Markedly, after the fall of the Britain Empire, Commonwealth of Nations was founded. Gandhi? Most of the members are from the former British Empire and new members from the Africa and Asia are included which quickens the pace of English becoming lingua franca in those nations.

As a result, both the influence and the number of English speakers are substantial. In other words, English has been a worldwide phenomenon. Spread of piaget developmental theory Political and Economic Power. The spread of gandhi English is bound up with culture value transmission including political and of christian charity sparknotes economic element (Pennycook 1994). “It is closely linked to national and increasingly non-national forms of culture and knowledge that are dominant in the world” (ibid.). In the late 19th century, America has become the most powerful country both in its economic and political influence. During the British colonialism times, the most effective way to expand the political and economic power is to force the people from accomplishments, colonies to learn English, which seems to be an my own paradise, unfeasible approach in the contemporary world. Nowadays, the spread of political and economic power conceals behind every piece of product in Hollywood industry and every trade of advanced technologies and English has been an important medium during the whole process. In the gandhi accomplishments current times, America is in the dominant position of the world, along with the promotion of the frequent use of English. Globalization, driven by technological upgrades in media and communication tools, is a flow of cognitive developmental capital, goods, personnel and other resources around the world, generating new modes of global activity (Castells 1996, cited in Blommaert, p. 13). After the Second World War, corporation among different countries has become more frequent with the accomplishments process of globalization.

In the political field, the growing number of the foundation of global organizations, including WHO and NATO requires for a shared language in in the U.S.? Essay order to improve the work efficiency. In terms of global business, a common trading language is needed during international trade and gandhi English has become the choice. In addition, other factors like cross-national advertising, pop music as well as education all serve as catalysts for piaget cognitive English as a lingua franca for the reason that English language acts as a dominant medium during the gandhi accomplishments information spreading. Implications for Management. The increasing awareness of language choice has taken place in global companies and during the “cross-national merger”. However, the language selection could be an my own paradise, intractable strategic decision and the challenge is considerable (Maclean 2006; Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005) given that the working staff are from diverse cultural backgrounds with different first languages. English as A Single Corporate Language. The adoption of English as the standardized language is a prevalent phenomenon in international companies. This is not only a strategy from gandhi, English-speaking enterprises but it is frequently used by non-English speaking companies during their business expansion.

An example would be Siemens AG, whose language management strategy has experienced a process of the exclusive use of German, the equal emphasis on German and English and the dominant position of English application in the current times (Maclean 2006). There exist several advantages of the application of English in corporations. Firstly, the single corporate language policy is instrumental in of christian improving the operation efficiency. Accomplishments? Cross-border management and direct communication between the headquarters and subsidiaries would be more effective and time-saving. Secondly, English has been widely-used in international business throughout the world and the status of English in the contemporary world is Essay about Tax Law And Accounting, unshakable (ibid.). This is based on gandhi the fact that English has become a lingua franca in business field. As has been mentioned above, some scholars have categorized it as Business English Language Franca (BELF) (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). Some regard it as a culture-neutral language while others deny the opinion for the terms are created by Essay about Tax Law people from diverse races and colors. According to Whorf Hypothesis, language is the determinant of people’s thoughts (Bergman n.d.).

Consequently, thoughts of those who don’t learn English as their first language are varied from those who learn English as their first language. English speakers from non-native English-speaking countries are affected by gandhi accomplishments their native cultures. For native speakers of English, it is also a challenge to integrate into the group of those who learn English as a second language (Maclean 2006). As a result, the potential threat of the implementation of the single corporate language is that it could result in poor internal communication and misunderstandings among the employees from different cultural backgrounds, which, in return, will jeopardize the working efficiency over Temporary, the long haul. Furthermore, the flexibility of monolingual policy is doubted. For instance, some operational problems are culturally specific to a certain geographical region and cannot be described in English.

The emergence of the phenomenon is closely related to the local language and cultural atmosphere (ibid.). Multilingual Policy Adoption. Nordea has been a cross-national corporate resulted from two merging companies from Finland and accomplishments Sweden. For Nordic countries where Finland and Sweden are included, English exerts very little influence in those countries and the development of English as a communication tool is a relatively new thing. The tradition lingua franca of these regions is Swedish which was what Nordea adopted as the corporate language at the beginning (Louhiala Salminen et al.

2005). However, Swedish has been replaced by English after the occurrence of “internal political problems” which is not an ideal solution in the long run (Maclean 2006). As can been seen, the application of a single corporate language may worsen the current situation of Questioning of Persons in Public Places: Search Essay non-English speaking corporation, adding more complexity to rather than simplify the gandhi existed environment especially when the a model of christian charity sparknotes third language is unfamiliar to most receivers in the organization. In this case, the relatively ideal solution is to take the advantage of the multilingual situation and explore the possibilities of combining the existed language abilities of the staff rather than force the employees to acquire a second language (Maclean 2006). The adoption of bilingual, trilingual or multilingual strategy is matched with the complexity of the language environment of a company (Dhir and Abiodun 2002, cited in Maclean 2006). The Establishment of gandhi accomplishments “Culture Three” A similar case study of language use and internal communication in two merger companies from Finland and Sweden was conducted. One is a Paper manufacturer and the other one is a bank group (Louhiala Salminen et al.

2005). The company has also experienced a process of piaget cognitive developmental theory language selection (from the adoption of Swedish to English). However, despite cultural differences, the result of the study shows that there is “no evidence of conflicts or misunderstandings”. Besides, the study suggests that the shared value has formed within the company philosophy no matter whether it is because of the closeness of geography between Finland and Sweden or the working experience (ibid.). When referring to gandhi, the culture disparity in business, a “culture three” which is out of the cultural differences should be established (Holden 2002, cited in Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). In the case companies, the culture is neither Swedish nor Finnish. Essay Tax Law And Accounting? It is “a new combination where interaction proceeds smoothly and accomplishments contains discoursal features of both cultures” (ibid.).

To achieve this goal, it needs to have a pragmatic language which is about Tax Law And Accounting, functional in gandhi accomplishments day-to-day use and is effective and efficient in communication as well. Linguistic correctness is Temporary Questioning of Persons Places: for Weapons, not the focus (ibid.). The grammar of such language may not be as authentic as native speakers but seldom impedes the communication and understandings. Implications for Non-native Speakers of gandhi English. English is Essay about Tax Law And Accounting, no longer the language of native speakers and more business activities have taken place among non-native English speakers. Gandhi Accomplishments? As a result, English during business trade is more functional. The correctness of grammar, fluency and pronunciation of English play a less important role in the success of business.

Knowledge and andy dufrane effective communication are more vital in business interactions nowadays (Kankaanranta and accomplishments Louhiala-Salminen 2010). As has been mentioned in the previous section, non-native English speakers are from Essay And Accounting, diverse culture backgrounds and are deeply influenced by gandhi their indigenous culture. Therefore, all encounters between non-native English speakers are collapses of cultures which requires for a wider range of knowledge of the backgrounds of the non-native English speakers for the purpose of conflicts elimination (ibid.). Playfulness and Creative Use of Language. Here is an example of a conversation among non-native speakers of English. “Extract : the boat (Isabel: Portuguese; Nana: Japanese; Anna: Italian) Isabel: I mean we don’t have problems … we all get on yeah Nana: yeah I think we are all on the same …on in… ah: what is about Tax Law And Accounting, it… on the same boat? Nana: yeah? … how do you say? On the same boat? Isabel: I don’t know yeah…on the same boat I think…on the bus on gandhi the train. Anna: anyway we understand you.

Isabel: yeah … we are all foreigners. Nana: all foreigners (laughing)” The context based on the discussion of the correctness of a preposition of an English slang. Instead of saying “I don’t know”, Isabel plays the language by offering different suggestions which continues the conversation. Should Be Banned? The non-native English speakers burst into laughter by the “mockery” that “we are all foreigners”. The foreign backgrounds are what bring the accomplishments non-native English speakers together which in a way promote the communication and a model sparknotes understandings among non-native speakers. The creativity in English application reveals the gandhi optimistic attitude of Should Be Banned in the Essay being “non-native” (ibid.). Those who perceive English as imperialism claim that the popularity of English endangers the accomplishments preservation and survival of other native languages (Khan 2010). Take Arabic language as an example. The government has input a large amount of money in correcting the false use of native language since English has become the second language of the andy dufrane country (ibid.).

The opposing view has pointed out that the frequency of the gandhi accomplishments second language application will not surpass that of the mother tongue consider that mother tongue is the most familiar and comfortable language for an individual, which, as a result, will not pose a threat to the survival of native languages (ibid.). Objectively speaking, the andy dufrane reason that some languages are on the brink of extinction is not only derived from the worldwide use of English, but because of the false language strategy implemented by the government. Children from wealthy family in gandhi accomplishments Arabia have been sent abroad to study English at a young age, which gives rise to the ironical embarrassment that they are not good at either their mother tongue or English (ibid.). Similar situation happens in China. English ability has been an important criterion for college entrance examination. My Own Paradise? Even in postgraduate examination, applicants might be denied due to the poor performance in English exam regardless of the fact that the major he applies for is completely irrelevant to English. In recent years, the ministry of gandhi accomplishments education has realized the severity of the case and start to consider increase the percentage of Chinese subject in the college entrance examination while the total mark of English will be reduced from 150 points to 100 points. Furthermore, some Chinese educationists even point out Essay about Tax Law And Accounting, that English should not be included in college entrance examination after 2016. Instead, it could be an elective course in high school. Overall, the widespread of English are potentially hazardous to the mother tongue or minority languages of non-native English speakers in a way, but the government’s policy are more important in native languages and accomplishments cultures preservation.

Implications for Native Speakers of cognitive English. With the emergence of World Englishes and the trend of English as a Lingua Franca, English is no longer the accomplishments exclusive language of native speakers. The native speakers of English are losing their language status as native English is not the only reference point (Maclean 2006). Besides, for native English speakers, English is the only language skill they master, which therefore limits their career opportunity. Mono-lingualism is also an encouragement of narrow-mindedness and ethnocentricity and Questioning Places: for Weapons is not advantageous to gandhi, business development in the long run (ibid.). The English of native speakers are only culturally specific to certain cultures.

They could not explain Singapore English, Indian English and other World Englishes. Andy Dufrane? “They are no longer effective communicators” (ibid.). Bergman, J. (n.d). Benjamin Lee Whorf: An Early Supporter of Creationism [online] Available at: http://www.icr.org/article/6391/ [Accessed07 December2014] Blommaert, J. (2010) The Sociolinguistics of gandhi accomplishments Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Corgo, A. (2012).English as a Lingua Franca: concepts,use, and developmental implications, ELT Journal 66(1): 97-105 Gu, M., Patkin, J. and Kirkpatrick, J. (2014). The dynamic identity construction in gandhi accomplishments English as lingua franca intercultural communication: A positioning perspective. System 46: 131-142. Khan, R. (2010). A Model Charity? Linguistic Imperialism? [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3TJe4jnqFo#t=22 [Accessed07December2014] Lingua Franca, Merriam-Webster (2014) [online] Available at: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lingua%20franca [Accessed08December2014] Louhiala-Salminen, L., Charles, M. and Kankaanranta, A. (2005).

English as a lingua franca in Nordic corporate mergers: Two case companies , English for Specific Purposes 24(2005): 401-421. Maclean, D. Accomplishments? (2006). About Tax Law And Accounting? Beyond English. Transnational corporations and the strategic management of language in a complex multilingual business environment, Management Decision 44 (10): 1377-1390. Pakir, A. Gandhi? (2009). English as a lingua franca: analyzing research frameworks in international English, world Englishes, and ELF, World Englishes 28(2): 224-235. Pennycook, A. (1994).

The Cultural Politics of English as International Language. Longman, pp, 12-13. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order English as A Lingua Franca. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for a model charity English as A Lingua Franca. Manfred Gorlach, a linguist from gandhi, Germany, says that structure and lexicon are important items in a language. My Own Paradise? The simpler the structure the more people like to use the language. Compared… English is the language that you can’t ignore in a modern world.

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