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avita resume This page was created by who are you emily dickinson Professor Frank Pajares. Ishiguro Day! So you want to dickinson create a professional vita. Since you are in need of such a document, I will take the risk of assuming that you are relatively new what some like to Puccini- Artist examples call the academy. You are likely a doctoral student at some stage of who are you emily, your academic journey. Perhaps you are just starting your program and tesco, you realize, wisely may I say, that if you create this animal now you'll not need to i'm nobody scour your long-term memory several years from now to recover just what it was you did during this now lost time and when precisely it was that you did it. Perhaps you are at the end of your program, failed to Huckleberry Finn create the animal early on, and who are you emily, now find yourself preparing your credentials so as to be short-listed by tesco price every search committee fortunate enough to i'm nobody dickinson receive your application packet. Perhaps you are at some stage in to Barbasos Essay, between, which makes you wiser than our poor procrastinator but sadder than our wiser early bird.

In any case, let me first welcome you to you emily dickinson our world of academe. A Venture To Barbasos! Depending on the world from who are you emily which you have come, you will discover that in A Venture Essay, our world we view both the creation and substance of i'm nobody who are, our self-presentations quite differently from the manner in which you may have viewed them in hoffmann the sandman, your previous life. You will need to rearrange some of you emily, your mental furniture. Speech! Let's deal with some things up front. First the name of the animal. Academicians like to call a vita what the rest of the i'm nobody who are, civilized world refers to as a resumé . At Bernard From Salesman By Arthur! Vita , from the who are, Latin for generator, life, actually means a biographical sketch, so an academic resumé is i'm nobody dickinson often more accurately referred to as a curriculum vitae (or cv ), which Webster defines as a short account of The Friend: A Look of a Salesman by Arthur Essay, one's career and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, qualifications prepared typically by an applicant for examples, a position. The word vitae is the i'm nobody who are, plural of vita (although those of us inclined to decline vita [get it, get it?? ] know that, in curriculum vitae , the vitae is ishiguro of the not a plural). Vitae is the genitive, or possessive, form, the i'm nobody you emily, translation being the course of life . The genitive and the remains of the, plural forms are identical in this case, and it makes no sense to who are you emily dickinson use the term vitae either as a plural or in the genitive case to of the refer to an academic resumé. I like vita because it's the correct term to use in i'm nobody who are, this context, because nobody really cares what it's called, and because it's one letter shorter.

Academicians may indeed believe that brevity is the soul of generator, wit , but they do not believe it is the soul of the credentials they present to each other. Who Are! In your previous world, you learned that a good resumé should consist of one page (two at the most, and then only apa 6 generator front/back of one sheet of i'm nobody you emily, paper). A Venture To Barbasos Essay! After all, employers are busy people who shouldn't have to rifle through multiple pages to get at the essential information they seek. Not so in academia, where when it comes to i'm nobody dickinson the account of your professional experiences, less is little and agincourt, more is best. Albert Einstein once said that not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts. That's nice.

Just remember that, in i'm nobody you emily, academia, everything can be counted and everything counts. A Venture Essay! So let's create a vita. Before we begin, however, let's deal with mundane details. What font should you use? Can it be on i'm nobody you emily dickinson chartreuse paper if that's your favorite color? Where should you number the pages? What margins should you set? Here are some guidelines. You can't go wrong with Times New Roman . Everyone likes Times New Roman, especially reviewers, copy-editors, and professors. Courier is agincourt speech functional but ugly. Who Are! Arial and hoffmann the sandman, Helvetica hurt people's eyes.

Comic sans looks like you're writing the credits for a Simpsons episode. And remember, Times New Roman , not Times. Early in you emily, your career, a 12-point font will give you the length required without making it obvious that you're going for price history, girth. After a few publications and a few service experiences, 11-point is a better choice. 1-inch margins all around. Page numbering at the bottom works just fine. Some like the dickinson, top-right hand corner with a running head of their last name on day each page. You Emily! Some like a footer with the agincourt speech, name and page number.

Nobody really pays attention to i'm nobody this. Just be sure to number the The Friend: at Bernard from Death by Arthur Miller Essay, pages. And use the same font type and i'm nobody you emily dickinson, size for the page number, header or footer, and The Friend: A Look at Bernard from by Arthur Miller Essay, document text. White paper only who are you emily . It should be of reasonable quality, but no need to go out and buy an speech expensive bond of who are, heavy weight. Borrow some copier paper from hoffmann the sandman your department office.

It will do just fine. If possible, print the you emily dickinson, original copy of your vita using a laser printer . You want your text to be crisp and tesco share price history, sharp. And since you want the text crisp and who are, sharp, take care that the photocopies are crisp and sharp . Ishiguro Of The! If your department has a poor quality copier, or if it has a great copier but won't let you use it, invest a few dollars and go to i'm nobody your local copy center. But don't make too many copies at agincourt speech any one time . Make just enough copies to meet your needs at the time. Keep in mind that you will be frequently updating your vita. It will also need to i'm nobody who are you emily be adapted to meet your objectives at Finn any particular time. A little more on i'm nobody dickinson this point at to Barbasos the bottom of this page. Staple your vita on i'm nobody you emily dickinson the top left-hand corner.

If your copy machine will do it for of a Salesman Miller, you, all the better. Paperclips are cumbersome and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, easily come undone. Day! Those little black clip-on thingies are bulky , especially when it comes to i'm nobody who are mailing your vita. No fancy cover page. In fact, no cover page . The first page of your vita should be the first page of Essay on Huckleberry Finn, your vita. Although you can't read the who are you emily, text, here is a nice first page. On Huckleberry Is Not A Racist! Notice that, since the who are dickinson, author could not begin a new section following PUBLICATIONS, he simply left the at Bernard from Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Essay, extra space at i'm nobody you emily the bottom of the hoffmann the sandman, page blank. And it works fine. A first page with the most essential information#151;contact information, education, and publications.

He must have had a fine adviser. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily! As you prepare to begin page 1 of on is Not, your vita, you realize that you need to make decisions regarding what to include and how to who are you emily dickinson include it. Price! First, you will need to i'm nobody you emily decide what categories to use, the agincourt speech, order in who are dickinson, which to Essay on is Not a Racist Novel use them, and who are dickinson, what information to include (and, just as important, what information to agincourt speech leave out). As regards categories, I suggest the i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, following in the following order. Agincourt! After each, I provide an who are example drawn from actual vitae (that have had excellent success!). The examples are .gif files, so the speech, text will not be perfectly sharp (yours, on the other hand, should be crisp and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, clear). If you are using a slow modem, be patient, as the Puccini-, graphics may take a bit to load. At the who are you emily dickinson, end of this page, I offer links to a couple of complete doctoral student vitaes that you may view or download. Apa 6 Generator! Name . You Emily Dickinson! Right at to Barbasos Essay the top, nicely centered and in i'm nobody who are, bold.

Perhaps even a couple of the remains day, font points larger than the document text. I'm Nobody You Emily! I think it looks nice to put Vita to Essay the left of the page and who are dickinson, the current term and hoffmann the sandman, year on the right. Lets people know you're keeping up with yourself. Who Are You Emily Dickinson! Contact Information . Share Price History! Professional contact information on i'm nobody the left (address, office telephone, fax, email); home contact information on ishiguro the remains the right (address, home telephone). I'm Nobody You Emily! If you have a home page on referencing the Internet, be sure to include the URL. I'm Nobody You Emily Dickinson! If you choose not to provide your home contact information (I don't), you may prefer to agincourt put address on the right and i'm nobody who are you emily, tel/fax/email on the left. In any case, be sure your vita clearly tells readers how to Artist best contact you should they wish to.

Here are samples of i'm nobody, each. Tesco! This one with the home address and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, personal contact information. And this one without the The Friend: A Look from, home address. Note, nonetheless, that the i'm nobody who are you emily, home phone number is A Venture Essay included. Again, that is up to who are you emily dickinson you. I don't even like the hoffmann the sandman, phone company having my home phone number. Education . List your degrees, the universities that were wise enough to you emily grant them to ishiguro the remains of the day you, and the year you obtained them. Include your academic major(s) and major areas of who are, study.

If you graduated with honors or Phi Beta Kappa, include this information. If you've not yet graduated, state your status and expected date of on Huckleberry is Not a Racist Novel, graduation. If you are this far into you emily dickinson the game, include the Essay on Huckleberry a Racist Novel, title of your dissertation and your committee chair. Don't outline. Simply include the information in a nice tight paragraph.

Most recent degrees first. Publications . I'm Nobody! Search committees at research universities are strongly interested in a candidate's publications. Hoffmann! Consequently, this section should follow the Education section. I'm Nobody Who Are! If you are just starting out, place all your publications in one section#151;refereed articles, nonrefereed articles, chapters, book reviews. As your publications accumulate , this section will need subsections such as refereed publications, chapters in edited books, monographs and research bulletins, and the sandman, the like. List publications in you emily, order of recency, with most recent publications first. Don't worry about agincourt speech alphabetical disorder#151;readers are most interested in what you've done for them lately.

And here is a critical point: present the publications using the format provided by i'm nobody you emily dickinson your discipline's Publication Manual . In social science, we use the generator, guidelines of the i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, American Psychological Association [used in The Friend: from Death Salesman Miller Essay, education, psychology, most social sciences, most sciences, medicine]. Consequently, all our publications and presentations should be written consistent with APA guidelines. If you fall under the auspices of the who are you emily, Modern Language Association (MLA) [used in on Finn a Racist Novel, the humanities, English, foreign language studies] or The Chicago Manual of who are, Style [used in hoffmann the sandman, history, anthropology], or perhaps you need to use the American Sociological Association Style Guide. And take care to i'm nobody who are you emily follow their guidelines. Hoffmann! There should be few things more professionally embarrassing to who are dickinson you than revealing your ignorance of the remains of the, your discipline's publication guidelines right on your vita. Presentations . I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily Dickinson! You've presented papers, posters, or round-tables at to Barbasos various regional and national conferences. I'm Nobody Who Are! List them here, again in order of recency, with most recent presentations first. Hoffmann! Perhaps you've done invited talks at i'm nobody who are you emily professional meetings or have been asked to be a chair or discussant of the sandman, a particular session. I'm Nobody Who Are! If so, these should be included. Again, take care to follow your discipline's referencing format.

Additional Research Experience . If you think through your doctoral experience, you will no doubt have taken part in various research projects. Huckleberry Is Not A Racist! List them here. Include official titles, names of principal investigators, your actual duties and responsibilities, dates. Order of who are, recency again. Honors and from Salesman, Awards . You Emily! This section may be a bit sparce at Essay on Finn first, but, as will your publications, it will grow.

If you received research funds or fellowship funds, include the amount (unless the figure is i'm nobody who are you emily rather low, in tesco share price history, which case who needs to who are dickinson know?). Think back to your Masters and Essay on Finn Novel, Bachelors programs#151;you got stuff. We all get stuff. We love stuff. Put the i'm nobody who are dickinson, stuff down. Professional Development . Not only have you gotten stuff, you've done stuff, you belong to stuff, and you know stuff. Include in hoffmann the sandman, this section your professional affiliations, service that you have provided your department or university, continuing education coursework you've taken. I'm Nobody Who Are Dickinson! Think back to all those wonderful committees you've suffered . Ishiguro The Remains! I mean, served on. Perhaps you have reviewed manuscripts for journals or conference proposals for i'm nobody, professional organizations, in which case be sure to include this information. Agincourt! You may want also to i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson include proficiency in statistical or other software programs that a prospective employer may value.

College Teaching Experience . As part of ishiguro the remains of the day, your doctoral program you've no doubt been provided with the i'm nobody you emily, opportunity to teach. At the agincourt, very least you've TA'd for one of your professors. Who Are You Emily! Perhaps you've been able to tesco share history teach your own class. If you've guest lectured in i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, someone else's class, you could put this here as well. Of course, if you've done this often, it would better go in Puccini- Essay, its own section. I'm Nobody Who Are! Previous Work Experience . You had a life before you came to academia. Tesco Share Price History! Remember? Here's your chance to tell prospective departments what you've done before. Who Are! Be judicious as to what to ishiguro the remains of the day include in this section and to who are you emily dickinson how much information to provide. Apa 6 Generator! If you were a classroom teacher, provide the i'm nobody you emily, name of the school, courses or levels taught, and any additional duties you undertook.

Be brief. There is from Death of a by Arthur Miller no need to include the numerous part-time jobs that got you through college, or the dickinson, pizza deliveryt job you had throughout high school. On Finn A Racist Novel! Ask yourself, what does my prospective employer need to i'm nobody you emily dickinson know about me. References . Hoffmann The Sandman! This should be the last section of your vita. I'm Nobody Who Are Dickinson! Provide at agincourt least three referees, but, again, more is who are more. You never know who knows whom, and hoffmann, it's wise to give readers as many names as possible to contact. Perhaps one of your referees is dickinson a long-time acquaintance of a search committee member.

Who can predict these things? Be sure to agincourt include the referee's title, mail address, office phone number, and email address. It goes without saying that you should seek permission from referees before including their names on i'm nobody your vita. Here are some closing thoughts. A vita is Giacomo Puccini- Artist your face to i'm nobody who are you emily a crowd who can't see or hear your face. It speaks for hoffmann, you and i'm nobody who are dickinson, about you. Apa 6 Referencing Generator! How it looks and i'm nobody who are dickinson, feels says something about to Barbasos you and who are you emily dickinson, about your professional habits. The Sandman! If it has numerous errors, omissions, and who are dickinson, typos, it says that you are careless, inattentive to speech detail, and who are, have little regard for tesco price, the audience who is i'm nobody dickinson taking the time to The Friend: A Look by Arthur Miller examine it (and you), to whatever end. Think about this for i'm nobody you emily dickinson, a moment: When you apply for ishiguro the remains of the day, your first position, the i'm nobody you emily, search committee who receives your application packet may receive over on Finn a Racist, 200 application packets similar to i'm nobody you emily yours. Generator! They will put all your stuff in a little folder and will place that folder in a big file-drawer filled with similar folders each filled with all the stuff from other candidates eager to you emily dickinson beat you out for that position. At some point, tired committee members will begin the process of examining each and every folder.

You will be at the remains home sipping a gin and i'm nobody who are dickinson, tonic, certain that you will be short-listed. You will not be inside your folder. All that will be there are pieces of paper. They'd best be good pieces of paper. A vita should be adapted and tailored to meet your objective. Apa 6 Referencing Generator! For example, if you will be applying to a teaching college, it's wise to put the who are dickinson, teaching sections first, and examples, you may even want to i'm nobody you emily include information about your teaching experience that you would not include if you were applying to a research university. Similarly, if you've worked hard and generator, garnered many awards and recognitions for your labors, you may want to dickinson move that section a leeetle tiny bit closer to the front. Fluff, filler, and padding will add girth to The Friend: A Look at Bernard of a Salesman your vita, but they will substract class. Respect both the i'm nobody who are, integrity and share price, the shrewdness of your audience. A search committee can spot a padded vita immediately.

Moreover, it makes you look silly and desperate. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily! More is indeed more, but you shouldn't be trying to make much ado about very little. There are many types of tesco share, effective vitaes. And you have a personality. Tailor your vita to who are you emily dickinson your personality. Essay! Ask your Chair and other members of you emily dickinson, your department to see their vitaes. Giacomo Artist Essay! Who knows, perhaps one of them is on who are you emily dickinson chartreuse paper. There are no set rules or standards in this endeavor, and, as Alexander Dumas said, all generalizations are dangerous, even this one.

Or at least they should be. Stay real. I had a professor who was overly fond of the apa 6, injunction that this or that activity would be a good resumé builder. That got on my nerves as a student. I'm Nobody Who Are! As a professor, I find it deplorable that anyone should engage in an activity because the activity is Puccini- a good resumé builder. Because, as some are prone to you emily dickinson say, it looks good on of the your vita. Of course some things look nice on i'm nobody who are dickinson a vita. Finn Is Not Novel! Fine. What if you hated doing those things but your prospective employer expects you to i'm nobody dickinson do more of Giacomo Essay examples, them? Follow your muse and your interests. You Emily! What a prospective employer sees should be what a prospective employer gets.

And that should be the The Friend: A Look at Bernard Death, real you. Let others worry about building their resumés. You worry about i'm nobody who are dickinson building your character and share history, your life through your interests and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, your strengths. And . dare I use such an abused word . Essay On Huckleberry A Racist Novel! through your passions. Revisit your vita often! Given enough time, it's easy to forget what you've done and when. Well, I hope this was helpful.

All that remains is for me to provide you with samples of you emily, vitaes that are good exemplars and with links to a Racist Novel sites on the web that provide information about who are dickinson creating academic vitaes. Share! First the sample vitaes. For those of you who have reached this page but who are not graduate students in who are you emily, Education, please note that the following vitaes are from referencing graduate students in i'm nobody who are dickinson, education. From Death Of A Salesman By Arthur Miller! All are PDF files. I'm Nobody! If you do not have it, click here to download the agincourt, free Acrobat PDF Reader. It may be helpful also for you to have a look at the vitaes of i'm nobody you emily dickinson, some established scholars. Here are some links to vitaes available on-line (from some pretty hefty names). In some cases, the scholar has placed the vita on-line as an html document, which means that you shouldn't pay attention to on Huckleberry Novel the format of the vita. You Emily Dickinson! It's difficult to format an html document in the same way you will format your own vita. The more important thing to Essay pay attention to in these vitaes are the categories that the scholars have created and what they typically include in these categories.

Of course, these are all similar to what your own vita will look like in just a couple of i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, years. The Remains Of The Day! Prof. Tim Urdan, Santa Clara University (PDF file) Prof. Who Are Dickinson! Robert Sternberg, Yale University (html file and agincourt speech, Word document) Prof.

Gary Natriello, Teachers College, Columbia University (html file) And last but not least, here are a few sites on the Web that provide information on i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson creating a vita. Please keep in mind that any advice offered at these sites that conflicts with mine clearly must be misguided.

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paper back writer Sign Up Below for i'm nobody who are, our MONTHLY BEATLES TRIVIA QUIZ! Unconventionality had become the trend of 1966 for The Beatles even when it came to writing songs for apa 6 generator, the worldwide singles market. Who Are You Emily Dickinson? While much care was given when Lennon and McCartney wrote album tracks, special attention was usually the norm when creating what would be a contender for their next single. It needed to have a catchy melody line that would stick in your mind, a melodic hook or riff that would identify the song, and the content of the lyrics would have to of the, be about love, since that subject was determined to be the who are dickinson, most accessible to pop audiences of the time. While the influence of marijuana has been widely credited as the ishiguro day, catalyst to the maturity of i'm nobody you emily dickinson their songwriting in the later months of 1965, as contained on “ Rubber Soul ,” the Giacomo examples, influence of both LSD and Eastern music had a great impact on their output during mid 1966, the results evident on “Revolver.” Therefore, within less of a years’ time, The Beatles songwriting had changed dramatically as all audiences couldn’t help but notice. As was the habit during the recording of an album, the group needed to you emily, identify what song had the commercial appeal to be earmarked as their next single and, thereby, be omitted from the album. “George Martin received a memo from the EMI brass,” recalls engineer Geoff Emerick, “reminding him that a new Beatles single was soon due.” Since their last British single, “ We Can Work It Out / Day Tripper ,” was released way back in early December of ishiguro day 1965 and the group was on hiatus for dickinson, a few months to rest up from their incredibly hectic schedule the generator, previous year, pressure was high to get a new Beatles single in the shops . “John and Paul were immediately put to work,” Emerick continues. I'm Nobody You Emily? “Whoever wrote the stronger song with George Martin as referee would win the prize: the prestigious A-side.” They began recording their next album on April 6th, 1966 and Artist Essay examples were concentrating more on studio technique than ‘cranking out hits.’ By April 13th, the only song they had completed was the Indian influenced George Harrison track “ Love You To ,” which obviously wouldn’t fit the i'm nobody who are you emily, bill for apa 6 generator, their next single (as good of a song as it was).

Much work was also done on the psychedelic experiment that was to be entitled “Tomorrow Never Knows,” although even this was yet to be complete. I'm Nobody? Preliminary tracks were also laid down for “Got To Get You Into My Life,” but was nowhere near ready for release. The fourth song they set to record, however, was more quickly recorded and was deemed suitable for a quick release as a single. While it did have many of the usual hallmarks of a hit pop record of the apa 6 referencing generator, time, such as the catchy melody line and i'm nobody dickinson a melodic guitar riff, the agincourt, lyrical content was very much out in left field for 1966. Instead of romance, the only mention of who are dickinson a relationship was of “ a dirty man ” whose “ clinging wife doesn’t understand .” Nonetheless, “Paperback Writer” was rushed out agincourt speech as their next single, topping the i'm nobody you emily dickinson, charts internationally. “It’s not one of our best songs,” Lennon dryly explained at the time, “but it was the only one we had ready for the record release date.” While his second comment may be true, his first could easily be contested by fans around the world that have grown to love the song, to this day being considered an undeniable staple of their catalog. “We always try to do something different,” related McCartney back in speech, 1966. “The idea’s a bit different. Years ago, my Auntie Lil said to me, ‘Why do you always write songs about love all the time? Can’t you ever write about a horse or the summit conference or something interesting?’ So, I thought, ‘All right, Auntie Lil.’ And recently, we’ve not been writing all our songs about love.”

British disc jockey Jimmy Savile claims that he was present when, backstage after a show, the inspiration hit for you emily dickinson, writing the song. According to Steve Turner’s book “A Hard Day’s Write,” “John had been principal writer of The Beatles’ last five singles and so it was generally agreed that it was Paul’s turn to come up with something. Savile recalled John asking Paul what he was going to agincourt, do because there were only a few days left before they were due to record. ‘Paul told him that one of his aunts had just asked if he could ever write a single that wasn’t about who are, love,’ remembers Savile. ‘With that thought obviously still in his mind, he walked around the room and noticed that Ringo was reading a book. He took one look and apa 6 referencing generator announced that he would write a song about a book.’” While this recollection obviously has merit, there is some discrepancy regarding the timing of this event. You Emily Dickinson? If there were only “a few days left” before the recording date, this would place the time frame in Giacomo Puccini-, late March or early April of 1966.

While the i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, group did not perform any concert appearances, television or radio programs throughout all of the early months of 1966, they did cooperate in a taped interview at a photographic studio, The Vale in the Chelsea area of west London, on March 25th (afterward posing for the famous Robert Whitaker “butcher” photographs). Assuming that Jimmy Savile was present on A Venture this day, we can estimate that “Paperback Writer” began its initial writing on who are you emily dickinson this date. Well, this came about speech, because I love the you emily dickinson, word ‘paperback,’” remembered McCartney. Of The Day? This fascination may have germinated in his subconscious mind from early Beatle memories of 1960, according to who are dickinson, poet and pop music critic Royston Ellis . As related in much detail in the 2008 Philip Norman book “John Lennon: The Life,” Ellis became close with John and Paul, even asking the early Beatles to play music to accompany the public reading of his poetry. A Venture To Barbasos? “Although I was writing poetry books then,” remembers Ellis, “if they asked me what I wanted to who are dickinson, be I would always say ‘a paperback writer’ because that’s what you had to be if you wanted to A Venture to Barbasos Essay, reach a mass market. With these ideas implanted in his mind, Paul travelled out to John’s Kenwood home for a songwriting session. “You knew, the minute you got there,” Paul relates, “cup of who are tea and you’d sit and write, so it was always good if you had a theme. Day? I’d had a thought for a song and somehow it was to i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, do with the Huckleberry Finn is Not a Racist Novel, Daily Mail so there might have been an article in the Mail that morning about people writing paperbacks. Penquin paperbacks was what I really thought of, the archetypal paperback.” Since the “ Daily Mail ” was a regular feature in you emily, John Lennon’s home (being the inspiration for A Venture Essay, “A Day In The Life” the following year), McCartney revealed in a 2007 interview that he had, previous to this writing session, read an article about an aspiring author in the magazine (possibly British novelist Martin Amis) which may have gotten him going in that direction.

However, Paul insisted years ago that “there’s no story behind it and it wasn’t inspired by i'm nobody who are, any real-life characters.” Not specifically nor consciously anyway. “I would often start thinking away and writing on my way out, and I developed the whole idea in the car,” McCartney remembered, “I came in, had my bowl of cornflakes and said, ‘How’s about apa 6 generator, if we write a letter: ‘Dear Sir or Madam,’ next line, next paragraph, etc?” In his book “ Many Years From Now ,” he explains further: “I arrived at Weybridge and told John I had this idea of trying to write off to a publishers to become a paperback writer, and I said, ‘I think it should be written like a letter.’ I took a bit of paper out and I said it should be something like, ‘Dear Sir or Madam, as the case may be’ and I proceeded to who are dickinson, write it just like a letter in front of him, occasionally rhyming it. And John, as I recall, just sat there and Puccini- Artist Essay examples said, ‘Oh, that’s it,’ ‘Uhuh,’ ‘Yeah.’ I remember him, his amused smile, saying, ‘Yes, that’s it, that’ll do.’ Quite a nice moment: ‘Hmm, I’ve done right! I’ve done well!’ And then we went upstairs and put the melody to it. Who Are Dickinson? John and I sat down and finished it all up, but it was tilted towards me, the original idea was mine. I had no music, but it’s just a little bluesy song, not a lot of melody.” The early months of 1966 had the group writing music in imitation of their new infatuation with Indian music which stays on one chord. To Barbasos Essay? “We would be sitting around,” Paul recalls, “and at the end of an Indian album we’d go, ‘Did anyone realize they didn’t change chords?’” Three out of four of their first recordings in EMI Studios of i'm nobody 1966 featured songs that attempted to Giacomo Puccini- Artist Essay examples, stay on only one chord throughout, “Tomorrow Never Knows” and “Love You To” being the i'm nobody you emily dickinson, two besides “Paperback Writer.” As it turned out, though, all three of these songs did venture away from the home chord at times, but very minimally. “Then I had the idea to do the harmonies and we arranged that in the studio,” Paul continues. George Martin went on record to describe the to Barbasos Essay, “contrapuntal statements from the dickinson, backing voices no one had really done that before” and admitted that The Beach Boys were “a great inspiration” with regard to this song. With “Sloop John B” just entering the agincourt speech, British charts and The Beatles being just given a preview of the i'm nobody you emily, entire “ Pet Sounds ” album, the trademark Beach Boys harmonies were emulated for “Paperback Writer.” As for Puccini- examples, songwriter credits, John comments in his 1972 Hit Parader interview: “I think I might have helped with some of the lyrics.

Yes, I did. But it was mainly Paul’s tune.” While Paul may not remember it quite this way, as detailed above, he seems to indicate that John definitely played a part, if not lyrically then melodically, saying “we went upstairs and you emily put the melody to it. Agincourt Speech? John and I sat down and finished it all up.” On April 13th, 1966, their fifth recording date for what became the “Revolver” album, The Beatles entered EMI Studio Three at i'm nobody dickinson 8 pm, their second session that day, to concentrate on The Friend: A Look at Bernard from Salesman by Arthur Miller what would become the i'm nobody who are dickinson, A-side of their next single. The earlier session on this day (2:30 to 6:30 pm) saw George’s song “Love You To” to completion, which allowed an hour-and-a-half break to switch gears entirely in preparation for a more pop oriented track. Richard Lush made his Beatles session debut on agincourt speech this day as 2nd engineer, a role he was destined to repeat with frequency during their recording career. Dickinson? Eighteen-year-old Lush remembers: “I was pretty nervousI knew that Beatles sessions were private.

One was rarely allowed to open the door and peek in, and I certainly took a while before they knew me as Richard. Until then it was ‘Who is that boy sitting in the corner hearing all of our music?’ But everything worked out in the end.” The primary engineer for apa 6, this session, the equally young Geoff Emerick , recalls much specific details regarding this session in his book “Here, There And Everywhere.” Emerick relates: “Paul strolled into the studio, marched straight over to the piano and i'm nobody who are confidently proclaimed, ‘Gather round, lads, and have a listen to agincourt, our next single.’ John gave Paul a sideways glance of disapproval he never liked losing but nevertheless joined Ringo and the two Georges for a private concert. I'm Nobody You Emily Dickinson? Paul pounded out a catchy melody, instantly hummable, filled with memorable hooks. I couldn’t make out the lyric entirely, but it seemed to involve book writing. Each time he would come to the chorus, Paul would stop playing and gesture to on Finn Novel, John and George Harrison, pointing out the high harmony part he planned on assigning each. By the time he finished the first run-through, it was obvious to everyone in the room that this was an instant hit.” Right from the start, Paul wanted a new technique devised concerning the sound of the bass guitar on i'm nobody who are this song. Generator? “Even before he got down to the brass tacks of teaching the who are, others their parts,” Emerick continues, “Paul turned to me. ‘Geoff,’ he began, ‘I need you to put your thinking cap on.

This song is really calling out for on Finn Novel, that deep Motown bass sound we’ve been talking about, so I want you to pull out all the stops this time. All right, then?’” “I nodded an affirmative. Who Are Dickinson? Paul had long been complaining that the bass on Beatles records wasn’t as loud or as full as the bass on the American records he so loved. He and I would often get together in the mastering room to listen intently to is Not, the low end of some new import he had gotten from the States, most often a Motown track. Even though we had DI (Direct Inject) boxes available, I rarely used them to record Paul’s bassInstead, I followed the standard EMI directive of placing a microphone in you emily dickinson, front of his bass amplifier. The Remains Of The? The bass sounds we were getting were decent partly because Paul had switched from his signature Hofner violin ‘Beatle’ bass to a beefier Rickenbacker but still not as good as what we were hearing on those American records.” For the record, as explained in Mark Lewisohn’s book “The Beatles Recording Sessions,” engineer “Jerry Boys has a clear recollection of i'm nobody you emily dickinson John Lennon demanding to of the day, know why the bass on a certain Wilson Pickett record far exceeded any Beatles disc.” Therefore, John and Paul both were very vocal about wanting a heightened bass quality to their records. Emerick contoninues, Fortunately, as Paul and John turned to i'm nobody you emily dickinson, George Harrison and Huckleberry Finn Novel began showing him the chords to ‘Paperback Writer,’ inspiration struck. It occurred to i'm nobody who are dickinson, me that since microphones are in fact simply loudspeakers wired in examples, reversewhy not try using a loudspeaker as a microphone? Logically, it seemed that whatever can push bass signal out can also take it in who are you emily, and that a large loudspeaker should be able to respond to low frequencies better than a small microphone. The more I thought about it, the more it made sense.” However, as other data indicates, this experiment was left off for A Venture to Barbasos Essay, the next day. “’Paperback Writer’ is who are you emily dickinson, son of ‘Day Tripper’ meaning a rock’n’roll song with a guitar lick on a fuzzy, loud guitar,” stated John Lennon in 1980.

However, who played the apa 6 referencing, “fuzzy, loud guitar”? “Well, what happened was that we fell in love all over again with my Epiphone Casino ,” McCartney explained in the November 2005 Guitar Player magazine, “which I played on a lot of Beatles records the who are you emily, ‘Paperback Writer’ riff, the solo on ‘Taxman,’ and so on. It always feeds back nicely.” Upon listening to Puccini- Artist Essay, the first attempt of the two rhythm tracks recorded on who are this day, the vibrantly booming bass guitar is not present, this obviously being overdubbed onto the complete second take of the The Friend: A Look at Bernard from Death of a Miller Essay, song. Instead we hear Ringo on i'm nobody drums (tapping out a beat on the hi-hat during what would be the a cappella vocal sections of the song, John playing rhythm on his newly acquired Gretsch “Chet Atkins” 6120 electric guitar (also quietly strumming guitar chords during the A Venture, same sections), the “fuzzy” lead guitar and a subtle, almost indecipherable, bass guitar. Given Paul’s quote above, it appears it indeed was Paul playing lead guitar which leaves the bass guitar work to George Harrison, since this rhythm track did not have any overdubs at this time.

Adding to this conclusion are photos of the session on this day which shows George playing another new instrument to The Beatles line-up, a Burns Nu-Sonic bass guitar. John’s Gretsch electric guitar was apparently never used again by the group after this day. George, however, appears to have used this short-scale Burns bass guitar a couple more times during the “Revolver” sessions. With a good amount of i'm nobody who are overdubs needed to complete the song, including all of the on a Racist, vocals, the session was complete for the day (or should I say, next day) at 2:30 am. Six-and-a-half-hours being needed to get just the rhythm track may seem excessive but, as Geoff Emerick recounts, “The Beatles had done no rehearsing beforehand; there had been no preproduction whatsoever. You Emily Dickinson? What an incredible experience it was to see each of the songs develop and The Friend: at Bernard from Death of a Salesman by Arthur Essay blossom within the i'm nobody you emily, confines of those four walls!” The next day, April 14th, 1966, the group filed back into EMI Studio Three to Essay is Not, perform all of the overdubs necessary to complete the recording of i'm nobody who are “Paperback Writer.” Five hours were used to accomplish these tasks, from 2:30 to 7:30 pm with Phil McDonald back in A Venture to Barbasos, his usual role as 2nd engineer. Now was the appropriate time to experiment with creating the beefier bass guitar sound Paul asked for the previous day. “I broached my plan, gingerly, to Phil McDonald,” remembers Geoff Emerick, “His response was somewhat predictable: ‘You’re daft; you’ve completely gone around the twist.’ Ignoring him, I took a walk down the dickinson, hall and talked it over with Ken Townsend , our maintenance engineer. He thought my idea had some merit. ‘Sounds plausible,’ he said. ‘Let’s wire a speaker up that way and try it.” “Over the next few hours, while the A Venture, boys rehearsed with George Martin, Ken and I conducted a few experiments. Who Are You Emily? To my delight, the idea of using a speaker as a microphone seemed to work pretty well. Even though it didn’t deliver a lot of signal and on Huckleberry is Not a Racist was kind of you emily muffled, I was able to achieve a good bass sound by placing it up against the grille of ishiguro the remains of the day a bass amplifier, speaker to speaker, and who are dickinson then routing the Essay, signal through a complicated setup of compressors and filters including one huge experimental unit that I secretly borrowed from the office of Mr.

Cook, the i'm nobody dickinson, manager of the apa 6 referencing generator, maintenance department.” “With renewed confidence, I returned to i'm nobody dickinson, the studio to Essay Huckleberry Finn a Racist Novel, try it out for real. Paullooked at me in a funny way as I set up the big, bulky loudspeaker in front of his amp instead of the usual microphone, but he didn’t say anything, and neither did George MartinThey returned their attention to dickinson, the rehearsals, giving me the opportunity to cautiously raise the fader carrying the A Look from Death Salesman by Arthur, bass signal.” Paul then overdubbed his distinctive bass guitar performance for the song using his Rickenbacker 4001S. Emerick continues: “Paul’s distinctively fluid bass lineconsisted mostly of notes played high up on the lowest strings, which helped round out the tone further still. It sounded absolutely huge, so much so that I became somewhat concerned that it might actually make the needle jump out dickinson of the groove when it was finally cut to Puccini- examples, vinyl. But Paul loved the sound.”

The other overdubs performed on this day consist of Paul’s powerful lead vocals (double-tracked), Ringo on tambourine, and three sets of harmony vocals from John and George, some of which was sung in falsetto. Most noteworthy of these harmonies is the title line of the nursery rhyme “Frere Jacques” as heard in the third and fourth verse. “It was Paul’s idea that John and who are you emily George should rekindle childhood memories with this unusual backing vocal,” says the book “The Beatles Recording Sessions.” “You can’t really hear the words,” George Martin explains, “because they are so soft. I must confess, I didn’t spot this little diversion on the number, but George (Harrison) reassured me that it was just one of the remains day those weird things that happened for you emily, the sake of it. There was no connection whatever between the famous Brother Jack and the knack of writing paperbacks.” “According to studio documentation,” states Andy Babiuk’s book “Beatles Gear,” “another new sound tried out for ‘Paperback Writer’ came from a ‘ jangle box ’ put through a Leslie rotating speaker. The jangle box was also known as the agincourt speech, ‘tack piano,’ and was Abbey road’s modified Steinway upright piano. The instrument’s hammers were brushed with cellulose, which then dried hard, and some of i'm nobody you emily its strings were re-tuned. The result was a percussive jangling piano sound.” This overdub, with Paul on piano no doubt, was apparently deemed unsuitable for at Bernard from of a Salesman by Arthur, the song and left out of all mixes created for who are you emily dickinson, “Paperback Writer.” At 7:30 pm, the session was over; giving the group an Finn hour break before beginning what was to become the i'm nobody who are, B-side of the single, namely “ Rain .” In the meantime, from 7:30 to 8:00, George Martin, Geoff Emerick and Phil McDonald huddled in the control room of EMI Studio Three to create the Huckleberry Novel, mono mix that was used for the worldwide release.

Two attempts were made to create this mono mix, presumably their second attempt being the keeper. Creating this mono mix was a good amount trickier than most. “It is the first time that we have had echo on a Beatles track,” George Martin remembers. Geoff Emerick explains how they achieved the “fluttering echo at the end of each chorus added at the mix stage. Who Are? It was accomplished by routing the vocals into a separate two-track machine and then connecting that machine’s output to its input. At the end of each chorus, Phil had the job of slowly increasing the record level until it just reached the apa 6, point of feedback. If he went one notch too far, the who are you emily, echo would get out of control, so there were many attempts at doing the mix. A Venture To Barbasos? Every time he’d go past that point, or not far enough, we’d have to who are dickinson, stop and remix the entire song again.” “That’s because, in the archaic EMI way of thinking, edits were frowned upon. Management didn’t want anyone taking a razor to master tapes, so multritrack editing which would allow us to join the start of one take onto the end of another was rarely allowed in those dayswe’d have to get the agincourt, mix right from start to finish. If we messed up the middle, or even in the very end of the fadeout wasn’t quite right, we would have to start all over againAs a result, you got that adrenaline going, and the mixes themselves became performances.”

The “separate two-track machine” mentioned above eventually ended up in you emily dickinson, the hands of one of The Beatles. “I bought off EMI this big machine for 3 pounds,” explains George Harrison, “with a sort of speed thing on it. It gave us the replay head. It was the thing we did ‘Paperback Writer’ on, you know, ‘ Paperback writer, writer, writer, writer, writer .’ It’s ancient. Huckleberry Finn Is Not? It looks like it’s got a sort of oven at i'm nobody dickinson the bottom of from of a Miller Essay it. It’s just an antiquethey’re called STEED s. I’ve got (it) in the kitchen now.” Facilitating Geoff Emerick’s concern about the who are you emily, needle jumping out of the Giacomo Puccini- Artist, groove of the dickinson, record, he recalls: “It was eventually left to my mate Tony Clark to the remains day, cut the master lacquer” Tony Clark explains: “It was EMI’s first high-level cut and who are you emily I used a wonderful new machine just invented by apa 6 referencing, the backroom boys, ATOC Automatic Transient Overload Control. It was a huge box with flashing lights and i'm nobody you emily dickinson what looked like the eye of a Cyclops staring out at from Death of a Salesman Miller you. But it did the trick.

I did two cuts, one with ATOC and one without, played them to George Martin and he approved of the high-level one.” Since the song was destined for i'm nobody who are you emily, the next single and not to be included on the ensuing “Revolver” album, no stereo mix was made at the time. However, since no new Beatles album would be released for the Christmas buying season that year, EMI decided to release its first “greatest hits” package, entitled “ A Collection Of Beatles Oldies .” Since “Paperback Writer” would definitely be included in this set, and there would be stereo copies of the album made available, a stereo mix would have to ishiguro the remains of the day, be made. This stereo mix was made on October 31st, 1966 in the control room of EMI Studio One by who are dickinson, the same team of Essay Martin, Emerick and McDonald. They intended to mix this song along with “ I Want To Hold Your Hand ” and “She Loves You” in stereo for the first time but, since “Paperback Writer” took two hours to who are you emily dickinson, do, they left the other two for Puccini- Artist, another day. “Unfortunately, the stereo mixdoes the song no justice,” Emerick admits. “It’s completely disjointed, and i'm nobody you emily it isn’t at all the balance that we intended. Ishiguro The Remains Of The Day? To me, the mono mix is much more exciting.”

The stereo mix places the rhythm track entirely on the left channel along with the tambourine, while the overdubbed bass guitar and an isolated set of harmonies (the higher pitched “ paperba ” harmonies that begin each chorus and the “ Frere Jacques ” harmonies) are entirely on the right channel. The lead vocals as well as the other harmonies are centered in the mix. The stereo mix is also slightly shorter, the “ paperback writer ” phrases at the end totaling just over four instead of six in the mono mix. Paul’s lead vocals in the harmonized choruses are also noticeably higher in volume on this stereo mix. Incidentally, the channels were reversed when the stereo mix was first released in the US.

Between March 22nd and June 15th, 1993, Paul McCartney and his band recorded a version of the song which was released on his “ Paul Is Live ” album later that year. Also, sometime between July 17th and 21st, 2009, another live rendition of the song was recorded by Paul at New York’s Citi Field for the live album “Good Evening New York City.” This is a pretty straightforward format, consisting of verses and a repeating chorus which acts as an introduction. The structure ends up as “ (intro) chorus/ verse/ verse/ chorus/ verse/ verse/ chorus/ outro ” (or abbabbac ). Dickinson? No instrumental (or solo) section is The Friend: A Look at Bernard from of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, needed but, with such a characteristic guitar riff puncturing through the speakers, it is who are you emily, definitely not missed. The intro (or first occurrence of the chorus) is eight measures long and can be divided up into apa 6 referencing generator two four-measure sections. You Emily Dickinson? The first four measures are strictly a cappella as performed by multiple overdubs by Paul, John and George in a somewhat answering “ row, row, row your boat ” fashion. Their recent infatuation with The Beach Boys is definitely felt here, “Sloop John B” and the highly respected layered harmony ending of Essay on Huckleberry is Not a Racist “ God Only Knows ” undoubtedly being the catalyst to this heavily rehearsed orchestration of the i'm nobody who are dickinson, repeat of the song’s title. A noted similarity can easily be made here with “ Nowhere Man ,” which also begins with a detailed four-measure a cappella introduction. Essay Finn A Racist Novel? Since this was the previous US single, “Paperback Writer” makes the i'm nobody dickinson, second Beatles single to begin with a cappella harmonies from the group.

So goes the continued deserved reputation of The Beatles as an excellent songwriting force with harmonies as their definite strong suit. Paul’s predominantly double-tracked lead vocals begin things by day, singing the title phrase of the song as stretched out between the you emily, first two measures, allowing the last syllable to be held for the next two measures as a harmonic texture for the harmonies that are to be layered on top of speech it. Three harmony overdubs are added, one being sung in falsetto by who are, John and George in Essay on is Not a Racist Novel, harmony to Paul’s lead vocal but only dickinson going as far as singing “ paperba .” and holding it out until nearly the entire four measures are complete. The second harmony from John and George consist of the “ paperback writer ” phrase starting on ishiguro the remains day the second measure when Paul sings the word “ writer ” and then those harmonies holding out the word “ writer ” from the i'm nobody you emily, third measure throughout the fourth measure (actually mistakenly stopping a little short each time the chorus is heard). The third harmony overdub consists of John and George layering on another falsetto “paperback writer” phrase that stretches out between the ishiguro the remains, third and fourth measure. Although it’s hard to tell, Paul’s voice may very well have been included in these harmony overdubs. Nonetheless, much time and i'm nobody who are work was needed to The Friend: at Bernard from of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, put all this detail together. All of the harmonies chop off as Ringo slaps his snare drum on the final eighth beat of the fourth measure, the vocal microphones still being up during the remaining four measures of the intro/chorus (witnessed by some slight clearing of throats). Ringo, while hesitating at first, comes in on who are you emily the four-beat of the fifth measure with a pounding bass drum/snare rhythm that takes us through the remainder of apa 6 this section.

The obvious highlight of i'm nobody you emily dickinson these remaining measures, however, is the thrillingly distorted guitar riff from Paul which zig-zags its way through an entire octave and is repeated twice. Paul was proud enough of this riff that he performs a slight variation of it as an A Venture to Barbasos overdub onto “Got To Get You Into My Life” on June 17th. The last two beats of the eighth measure of the intro/chorus debuts Paul’s startling bass overdub which also acts to introduce the first verse of the who are you emily, song and, thereby, the beginning of the story. A Look At Bernard Death Of A Salesman By Arthur? “ Dear Sir or Madame ” starts the first twelve-measure verse which also introduces John’s rhythm guitar, Ringo’s hi-hat to complete his full drum kit rock beat, and the drummer’s overdubbed tambourine. Paul’s vocals are double-tracked but also treated to ADT for even more prominence. Eight full measures on who are you emily the chord of A Look at Bernard from Death of a G finally changes on the ninth measure when the title of the song is heard, going to i'm nobody who are, C for a couple of bars. A Venture To Barbasos? We then bounce right back to G after three-part-harmony kicks in on another repeat of the title phrase.

Simultaneously, the i'm nobody who are, drums, bass and rhythm guitar accentuate the word “ writer ” with cymbals crashing, while Paul reprises the guitar lead in the eleventh and twelfth measures. The final measure brings some trademark drum fills from Ringo as a falsetto harmony extends to the final end of the verse. The second verse is also twelve measures long and is practically identical except for different lyrics and a surprising final two measures. As the Essay Finn is Not, harmonies and guitar riff are ringing out in the eleventh measure, the who are dickinson, engineers take an audio snapshot of what is there and fill the A Venture to Barbasos, twelfth measure with an echo-laden image which is then quickly faded down as the twelfth measure is complete. A pretty amazing production feat for 1966! An interesting sub-point to who are, be brought out here is that, from ishiguro, listening to who are dickinson, the original session tape from this overdubbed recording, the harmonies at this point staggered away uncomfortably and left a somewhat embarrassing gap. Whether the addition of the echo was an afterthought left for the mixing stage to referencing generator, cover over these awkward gaps, or whether this was all planned during the i'm nobody dickinson, actual recording sessions, has never been determined. Immediately following this effect was an identical repeat of the chorus, the Giacomo Puccini- Artist, only difference being a distinguishable “cough” heard from a vocal microphone being left up. Then begins verse three, the most prominent difference between this and verse one being the addition of John and George’s falsetto “ Frere Jacque ” harmonies. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily Dickinson? Another variation here is that the agincourt speech, guitar riff Paul plays in the final measure concludes with two lower notes this time around.

Verse four then follows, repeating the exact pattern of verse two with the echo effect at the end. Listen, however, for a falsetto harmony (presumably John) coming in late on his first “ Frere .” A final occurrence of the chorus then follows, the echo at i'm nobody who are you emily the end starting right on the word “ writer ” in the eleventh measure this time around on A Venture to Barbasos the mono mix, making quite a startling impression as compared to the first time it was heard in the second verse. (The stereo mix is quite subdued by comparison.) The second half of this final chorus is characterized by the guitar riff now being played both times with the lower ending notes as heard at the end of the third verse. Who Are You Emily? Also, Paul’s throbbing bass trills at the end take up the full eighth measure instead of just the last two beats as previously in the song. And not only is A Venture, there noticeable coughing on the open microphones, someone (possibly George) is putting in i'm nobody you emily dickinson, a little practice hitting their upcoming falsetto harmony. The song’s conclusion comprises a vamping on The Friend: A Look at Bernard from of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Essay the G chord from the rhythm track that includes a simple repeating guitar phrase from Paul. Vocal wise, two sets of intertwined harmonies are repeated until the song fades away, the i'm nobody you emily dickinson, first being a staggered repeat of the Puccini- Artist examples, title phrase sung in falsetto that stretches out to two measures in imitation of the lead voice in the chorus.

Just as this ends another set of harmonies enter with a quick repeat of the song’s title. With some adlib fluctuations of the i'm nobody who are, first phrase setting in on their fourth repeat (“ wri-i-i-ter ”) and referencing some interesting gurglings from i'm nobody dickinson, John’s rhythm guitar occurring in places, the song fades off into the sunset. Yet another Beatles timeless classic is born! Paul again is center stage, understandably because of of the day this being primarily his creation. His top-notch vocals, bass and you emily dickinson lead guitar is extremely fitting for the occasion, Paul knowing full well how to continue the aura and allure of the group on the radio airwaves. John’s songwriting inventiveness of the period, as incredible as it was, was somewhat less commercial due to his infatuation with his chemical mind-expanding activities of the time. Speaking of generator John, his rhythm guitar work and vocal hijinks on i'm nobody you emily dickinson this track shows him as cooperative and contributive. George’s bass work may have been mostly panned out of the finished track, but his harmonies show him as a team player with vocal ability. Ringo does well in reprising his drum fills (mostly unheard during the “Rubber Soul” sessions) and puts in an impressively powerful performance on The Friend: A Look Death Salesman by Arthur Miller the drum kit, aided and who are you emily dickinson abetted by Geoff Emerick’s above mentioned engineering experiments.

And Ringo can also really rattle that tambourine. Lyrically, the apa 6 referencing generator, open-letter to i'm nobody dickinson, a publishing house by a want-to-be author is engaging enough for minimal scrutiny, although it needn’t be taken too literally as a complete story. If that would be the case, as the book “ A Hard Day’s Write ” explains, “it’s about a paperback writer who has written a novel based on another novel, which is referencing, also about who are you emily, a paperback writerThe lyric was driven more by the sound of the words than their logic.” As it is, Paul is beseeching the receiver of his letter “ won’t you read my book, it took me years to write .” Paul explains that his book is “ based on apa 6 a novel by a man named Lear ,” which seems to you emily, be a reference to speech, Victorian painter Edward Lear . While he didn’t write novels, he did write nonsense poems and i'm nobody who are dickinson songs that John was a fan of. The Friend: A Look Essay? If you’ve ever read either of Lennon’s books, you’d understand why he would like Edward Lear’s writings. Lear’s limericks include this famous passage: “They dined on mince, and i'm nobody you emily dickinson slices of quince, which they ate with a runcible spoon; And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand, they danced by the light of the moon.” Paul’s novel consists of a family consisting of “ a dirty man ,” “ a clinging wife ” and a son who has a “ steady job ” at referencing the “ Daily Mail .” Paul doesn’t disguise his intent, saying both “ I need a job ” and “ I need a break ,” indicating his frustration at spending years in who are dickinson, authorship of a “ thousand page ” novel without someone to ishiguro the remains of the day, publish it.

He’s even willing to sell the who are, rights to examples, the publishing house, confidently stating “ it will make a million for you overnight .” Although McCartney has released a couple of books, “Blackbird Singing” and “ High In The Clouds: An Urban Furry Tail ,” the who are you emily, former was a collection of referencing favorite song lyrics written in poem form while the later was a children’s book co-written by Philip Ardagh. We have yet to see a McCartney novel but, since he tackles everything from Classical and Ballet to painting and writing movies, I’m sure we’ll see a novel at some point. Maybe he’ll even find a cure for cancer! Capitol Records couldn’t wait until June 10th, 1966 to you emily, release the latest Beatles single as Britain did, so they rushed it out of the day eleven days earlier on May 30th of that year.

While “Paperback Writer” was the least selling Beatles single in you emily, their home country since 1962’s “Love Me Do,” it became a million seller in the US and, according to the remains day, “The Billboard Book Of Number One Hits,” the single “made the who are dickinson, second largest leap to number one of the rock era. A Venture To Barbasos? It debuted on the Hot 100 at number 28 during the week of June 11th, 1966, moved to 15 and then broad-jumped to number one on June 25th, becoming The Beatles’ 12th chart-topper in America. The only i'm nobody single to make a bigger leap to number one was also by The Beatles, ‘Can’t Buy Me Love.’” This record was first broken, however, in 2002 by Kelly Clarkson. Also noteworthy is the fact that Frank Sinatra ’s “ Strangers In The Night ” interrupted the speech, two-week reign of “Paperback Writer” in the top spot. Interestingly, this single, with “Rain” as its b-side, was promoted in trade magazines in Britain using the famous “butcher” photo that graced the American album “YesterdayAnd Today,” but without much of a stir. It’s also curious to who are, note that Capitol, having already acquired the tapes for agincourt, this recent single, did not include the songs on this album.

With a number one single on the pop charts, this newly released make-shift album did not include either side of this smash hit. Instead, they requested three never-before-released songs from the dickinson, upcoming “Revolver” album. I guess too many hit songs on one album was not considered a good idea at the time. The next release of “Paperback Writer’ was on February 26th, 1970 on speech another make-shift album entitled “ Hey Jude ” (originally called “ The Beatles Again ”). The stereo channels were reversed from what was intended by i'm nobody you emily, the EMI production staff but we didn’t know any better. We were just happy to Essay Finn is Not, have a stereo mix of the song. Hot off the you emily dickinson, success of “Abbey Road,” it peaked at #2 on the Billboard album charts. Giacomo Artist? The Hey Jude album received a compact disc release on January 21st, 2014. Next came “ The Beatles/1962-1966 ” (aka “The Red Album”), the first official “greatest hits” package in America.

This double album was released on who are you emily dickinson April 19th, 1973, peaking at #3 on agincourt speech the Billboard album charts. The stereo channels were still reversed. This collection was released on compact disc on September 20th, 1993, the re-mastered version then released on August 10th, 2010. The stereo channels were in their proper place on both of these re-releases. October 11th, 1982 saw another compilation album entitled “ 20 Greatest Hits ,” “Paperback Writer” closing side one of this collection. With the advent of i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson MTV, the album only peaked at Giacomo Puccini- #50 on i'm nobody who are you emily Billboard, but at Huckleberry Finn is Not a Racist Novel least it reversed the stereo channels back to what George Martin wanted. With the who are dickinson, compact disc era blooming, all of the group’s singles and EP tracks were compiled onto two volumes entitled “Past Masters,” Volume Two containing “Paperback Writer.” This was released on March 7th, 1988 and, although only reaching #121 on Billboard’s album chart, it ended up going platinum. When The Beatles catalog was re-mastered in 2009, it was re-released as a double CD simply entitled “ Past Masters ” on September 9th, 2009.

On January 24th, 1996, Capitol re-released the original single under the Cema Series “For Jukeboxes Only” on from Death Essay red vinyl, this becoming quite a collectors’ item as time goes on. September 9th, 2009, was when the complete Beatles catalog in mono was released in a re-mastered condition, this set appropriately called “The Beatles In Mono.” The original extended mono mix of the song appeared on an included album entitled “Mono Masters.” Two live Paul McCartney albums also feature “Paperback Writer,” the first being “Paul Is Live” (released on November 8th, 1993) and the other being “ Good Evening New York City ” (released on you emily November 17th, 2009). Following the pattern set on November 23rd, 1965 of filming television performances beforehand so as not to bother making trips to their TV studios (see “Day Tripper”), the group met on May 19th, 1966 at 10 am to do just this once again. Instead of convening at A Venture to Barbasos a film studio, the promotional videos were done in i'm nobody dickinson, familiar surroundings EMI Studio One. This was the apa 6 referencing generator, first experience of The Beatles working with director Michael Lindsay-Hogg , who would more famously direct the “Hey Jude” and “Revolution” films two years later as well as what became the i'm nobody who are you emily, “Let It Be” movie. Three separate video-tapings were made of the group miming “Paperback Writer” on this day, one in color specifically for “ The Ed Sullivan Show ” in the US and two in black-and-white for the British shows “Goodbye Lucky Stars” (the very last episode of the successful series “Thank Your Lucky Stars”) and “Ready Steady Go.” Two videos were also shot of them performing the b-side “Rain” on agincourt this day. After the color video of “Paperback Writer” was shot between 1:10 and 2:00 pm, they broke for who are you emily, lunch and Essay a Racist then taped the two black-and-white British videos of the song between 3:30 and 6:15 pm. Immediately after this was complete, the group gathered round and taped a special introduction segment especially for “The Ed Sullivan Show.” Ringo, acting as spokesman for the group, explains that they are too busy to come to New York to you emily dickinson, do the show because “everybody’s busy these days with all the washing and the cooking.” An interesting thing to notice is that this segment opens with all four Beatles holding up transparencies of the famous “butcher” photographs in referencing generator, front of their faces. The color promotional video of i'm nobody “Paperback Writer” even includes Paul holding up the same “butcher” transparency in front of his face as he begins the first verse.

The next day, May 20th, 1966, the group met at the beautiful Chiswick House in London to film outdoor promotional clips for the same two songs. For “Paperback Writer,” they were filmed sitting on apa 6 referencing generator a bench as well as miming to the song in the statue garden and inside a walled garden. Ringo is you emily dickinson, seen inconspicuously leaning and/or sitting in these areas of the location since his drums were not brought along to mime to. Although this promo clip was filmed in color, given the on Huckleberry Finn Novel, gorgeous surroundings of the location, it was screened in black-and-white on “Top Of The Pops” in Britain. I'm Nobody You Emily? Also quite noticeable in all four of the above promos is The Friend: A Look at Bernard from Miller Essay, Paul’s chipped front tooth, the result of a recent moped accident. Although the group had sworn off live television performances, they surprisingly made one exception. The popular British TV show “Top Of The Pops” never enjoyed the opportunity of having The Beatles on one of their live shows. They did receive the i'm nobody who are dickinson, promo films of their new single (as mentioned above), but producer Johnnie Stewart thought he’d try one more time to generator, get them to dickinson, make a live appearance on his show.

Beatles manager Brian Epstein explains: “On Monday (June 13th, 1966), Stewart wrote me a letter saying that although he had scheduled a Beatles film clip for The Friend: at Bernard Salesman Miller, the program, there had been an unprecedented demand for them to i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, appear live in Essay, the show and would they reconsider their decision not to. I put it to who are dickinson, the boys late on Tuesday (June 14th), and they said yes.” Being that they were making good progress on the song “Here, There And Everywhere” in EMI Studio Two at the time they were asked, they obviously were in a positive mood. They arrived at Studio Two of Television Centre in London just before 2:30 pm on Thursday, June 16th, 1966, for extensive rehearsals and, as the closing segment of the Essay on Huckleberry is Not, show, they mimed both “Rain” and “Paperback Writer” (in that order) live in front of the cameras. Policy at the time dictated that the taped performance be recorded over to conserve tape, so after this performance of you emily dickinson “Paperback Writer” was aired a couple more times in Britain, it then became a product of UK memory from that time on. Since it can no longer be seen (who knows, it may resurface someday, someway), some viewers have commented that The Beatles were not very good ‘mimers’ on that day.

“Paperback Writer” also has the distinction of apa 6 referencing generator being the who are you emily dickinson, only Beatles song recorded in 1966 that was performed live on stage by Giacomo Essay examples, the group. Dickinson? Their two brief tours of the year, the Essay, last they ever made, featured the i'm nobody who are you emily, song as the next-to-last selection on their set list, no doubt because of it being their latest single at the time. Their international tour, which began in Munich, West Germany, commenced on June 24th, 1966. After continuing in Germany, playing in Essen and Hamburg, they were off to Japan and then The Philippines, where they concluded this tour on July 4th. They retained the exact same set list for their final US tour, which began on August 12th in A Venture Essay, Chicago and i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson ended with the monumental final live performance of their career at Candlestick Park , San Francisco, on speech August 29th, 1966. Other highlights of the you emily dickinson, tour included Detroit, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Memphis, Los Angeles and A Venture a somewhat triumphant return to New York City’s Shea Stadium. “Around this time we were starting to miss out a lot of record tracks on live shows,” recalls George Harrison. “’Paperback Writer,’ for instance, was all double-tracked, and it sounded pretty crummy on stage.

So what we did with it (in the American tour at least) was get to the point where it was particularly bad, and then we’d do our ‘Elvis legs’ and wave to the crowd, and they’d all scream and i'm nobody who are it would cover that. Essay On Finn Is Not A Racist? As Paul has said, the i'm nobody who are you emily, screaming did cover a lot of worrying moments.” This was done on their international tour as well, evidenced in the Japan footage of the song where George waves to the crowd during the a cappella harmonies of the second chorus. Of The? This ushers in manic screams from the Japanese audience just in who are, time to cover over their attempts at referencing generator recreating the layers of harmonies they recorded in who are dickinson, the studio. The first Paul McCartney tour to feature the song was “The New World Tour,” which stretched from on Finn, February 18th (Italy) to December 16th (Chile), 1993. I'm Nobody You Emily? After dropping the song for quite awhile, he included it in the set list for his “Summer Live ‘09” tour, running from July 11th (Nova Scotia) to August 19th (Arlington, Texas) of that year.

A performance from this tour can be seen on the DVD included in the “Good Evening New York City” set. The song was also included in his brief “Good Evening Europe Tour,” going from December 2nd (Hamburg) to December 22nd (London), 2009. His extensive “Up And Coming Tour” included the song as well, this tour beginning on at Bernard by Arthur March 28th, 2010 (Phoenix) and finally ending on June 10th, 2011 (Las Vegas). Then, his “On The Run Tour” continued his use of the song, this tour commencing on July 15th, 2011 at who are dickinson Yankee Stadium in New York City and Essay on Finn is Not a Racist ending on November 29th of 2012 in Edmonton, Canada. Paul’s “ Out There! ” tour also included the song, this tour beginning in Belo Horizonte, Brazil on who are May 4th, 2013. While George may have referred to “Day Tripper” as a bona fide “rocker,” and to Barbasos Essay John referred to “ Ticket To Ride ” as a “heavy metal record,” it was “Paperback Writer” that blew both those songs out who are dickinson of the park, their first single with loud distorted lead guitar. It’s true that The Who, The Kinks and The Rolling Stones had all beaten them to the punch, and The Beatles were following their lead in this case, it should be noted that “Paperback Writer” weaved in the raucous feel of these other artists with the cascading harmonies of The Beach Boys as well as the droning feel of the generator, music from India. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily Dickinson? Quite a feat for four “sh*t-kickers from A Venture Essay, Liverpool,” as Ringo once described the group. Written by: John Lennon / Paul McCartney. Instrumentation (most likely):

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academic essay style The Academic Essay. I'm Nobody Who Are Dickinson! The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and referencing, how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas.

Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning. A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays?

Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for who are you emily dickinson the introduction to Puccini- Essay, the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and i'm nobody who are you emily, gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase.

No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. Essay On Huckleberry! or The Western is i'm nobody who are you emily, perhaps the The Friend: at Bernard Death Salesman by Arthur Essay, most uniquely American of all the genres. Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the i'm nobody you emily, generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is Giacomo Artist Essay, not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove.

As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. It still meets an i'm nobody you emily, introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is apa 6 referencing generator, that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis statement. You Emily Dickinson! There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of on Finn a Racist Novel these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson significance. Here's an example from literature.

A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to make his point. The statement, however, is Essay examples, meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to single out or make a distinction of a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to who are dickinson, begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. A Venture To Barbasos Essay! The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated.

What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of who are dickinson proof will be simple. One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Here the Giacomo Essay examples, writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an essay for who are you emily dickinson a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to referencing, prove. I'm Nobody Who Are! In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to the remains of the day, be proven.

Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to dickinson, organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of The Friend: A Look at Bernard Death Salesman Miller a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the i'm nobody, writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the The Friend: A Look from Death Salesman, essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks the who are you emily dickinson, work of A Venture Essay Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is who are, that an important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument.

As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of on Huckleberry Finn is Not Novel fact, is the form that the thesis statement for i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is Giacomo Artist Essay, possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups.

Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. Who Are Dickinson! The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an agincourt speech, example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on i'm nobody who are dickinson to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of the remains day patriarchy is an example of function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of who are classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to A Look at Bernard Death of a by Arthur, have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria.

The question of HOW leads to i'm nobody who are, a discussion of the body of the essay. The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. In the speech, discussion of types of i'm nobody argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument.

The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the Giacomo Puccini- Essay, theoretical framework and the thesis statement. It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the who are, introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to Essay, establish the criteria by which the i'm nobody who are dickinson, thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the examples, body of the paper is going to have to i'm nobody dickinson, first establish the elements that comprise the Puccini- Artist Essay examples, Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by which the thesis can be proven.

To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to i'm nobody you emily, the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the speech, ideology of patriarchy is. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily Dickinson! Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to The Friend: from Salesman by Arthur, those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. This process of relating the object of investigation back to i'm nobody who are, the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the Finn a Racist Novel, essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the i'm nobody who are dickinson, analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria.

The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process. From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to A Venture to Barbasos Essay, not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to i'm nobody you emily dickinson, the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria. Giacomo Puccini- Examples! Herein lies the essential importance of completeness to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to i'm nobody who are dickinson, the gun-fighting that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade.

Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the agincourt, criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. To stick with the you emily dickinson, Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of Puccini- examples setting and even remotely hope to persuade the audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the fact that both time and place are out of the bounds of the Western. This is the who are you emily dickinson, point precisely. The author will have to generator, ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to i'm nobody who are, have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of the remains of the comprising the genre (or in i'm nobody a logical sense the whole). The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately.

Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Ishiguro The Remains Of The Day! Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails. Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and i'm nobody who are dickinson, allows the at Bernard from Death of a, writer to draw conclusions. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily Dickinson! Before that process is discussed, however, it is at Bernard from of a Salesman Miller Essay, necessary to examine an important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description.

Relating the object of investigation or the object of the thesis back to you emily, the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of scope (how much is Giacomo Artist examples, enough?). The purpose of i'm nobody description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the apa 6, shot) relates to who are dickinson, the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to agincourt speech, use description in such a manner as to who are, establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria. Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only superfluous, but distracts from ishiguro the remains of the trying to prove your argument.

As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. As stated above the process of fully relating the object of the you emily dickinson, thesis to the established criteria has the effect of fulfilling the logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the speech, conclusion itself. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by who are dickinson stating something definitive about the work.

Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the to Barbasos, thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to you emily dickinson, the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and on Huckleberry Finn, you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . You Emily Dickinson! it therefore serves as an example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). Thus, far from Essay on Finn is Not a Racist Novel being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are.

They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and who are you emily, final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of ishiguro the remains course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the who are, social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of specific instructors. To the degree that what is to Barbasos, written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is i'm nobody you emily dickinson, trying to agincourt, reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and dickinson, rigorous#150;the standards by which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and A Venture, reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it. The principles by i'm nobody you emily dickinson which the academic essay structures itself is agincourt speech, designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of dickinson via your logic. What I have attempted to Giacomo Puccini- examples, do here is make the norms and who are you emily, conventions of the Miller Essay, genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it.

Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to i'm nobody who are, make decisions based on that analysis. More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is invaluable in life and professional endeavors.

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Essay on the High Courts of India. In this essay we will discuss about the high courts of i'm nobody who are you emily, India. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Jurisdictions of High Courts 2. Composition of the High Court 3. A Venture Essay. Salary and Allowances of the you emily, Judges 4. Oath or Affirmation by Judges of High Courts 5. A Venture. Powers and Functions of the High Courts 6. Kinds of Writs 7. Subordinate Courts in India. List of who are you emily dickinson, Essays on the High Courts of India. Essay on ishiguro the Jurisdictions of High Courts Essay on the Composition of the High Court Essay on dickinson the Salary and Allowances of the Judges Essay on the Oath or Affirmation by Judges of High Courts Essay on the Powers and apa 6 referencing generator Functions of High Courts Essay on the Kinds of Writs Essay on the Subordinate Courts in India.

1. Essay on you emily the Jurisdictions of High Courts : Judiciary is an integral part of every federal system. It inspires confidence of the The Friend: A Look at Bernard of a Salesman by Arthur, federating units on the one hand and the masses on the other. I'm Nobody You Emily Dickinson. In India constitution has provided for an integrated judiciary. Under this system at the top is Supreme Court of ishiguro the remains day, India, which is the highest judicial authority in the land. Its decisions are applicable all over i'm nobody you emily the country. Down below in each state is a High Court. But some High Courts have jurisdictions spread over more than one state. Agincourt. High Courts have jurisdictions over their respective states, but appeals against the judgment of a High Court can lie with the Supreme Court, which can reverse any of its decision. Still down below are District Courts, both civil and criminal. At present in India there are 18 High Courts. Jurisdiction of each High Court is as under:

Thus, it will be seen that Bombay High Court is the oldest High Court in India which was founded in 1861 followed by Allahabad High Court set up in 1866. Sikkim High Court established in you emily, 1975 is the youngest High Court in the country. Allahabad High Court has a branch at Lucknow whereas Bombay High Court has its branches at Nagpur and Panaji. Rajasthan High Court has its branch at Jodhpur and Patna High Court at Ranchi. Madhya Pradesh High Court has its branches at Gwalior and Indore whereas Gauhati High Court has set up its branches at Imphal and Agartala. 2. Essay on The Friend: of a Salesman by Arthur the Composition of the High Court : Under the constitution each state in India shall have a High Court which shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President from time to time deem it necessary to appoint. You Emily Dickinson. In other words number of Judges will be decided by the President which even now varies from Giacomo Puccini- Essay, state to state depending upon who are you emily the volume of the work. Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President of India in The Friend: from Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, consultation with the Chief Justice of India, whereas he appoints other Judges in consultation with the concerned Governor and Chief Justice of the High Court and also Chief Justice of India. I'm Nobody Who Are Dickinson. In actual practice, however, Chief Minister of the State concerned plays a very big role. He is A Look from Death Miller always consulted and i'm nobody who are you emily his views weigh with the A Look Death Salesman Miller, central government while making such appointments. Gradually an impression is you emily being created that appointment of Judges of High Court has become a political affair.

In case for A Look at Bernard from Death of a by Arthur Miller Essay any reason if the office of the Chief Justice falls vacant the President can ask one of the judges of that court to look after the duties of Chief Justice. Any person can be appointed as Chief Justice of a State High Court provided he is an Indian citizen has for at least ten years held a judicial office in the territory of you emily, India or has for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more High Courts in succession. By Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act it was provided that any person who in the opinion of the A Look from Death Salesman Miller Essay, President was an eminent jurist could also be appointed as Judge of the High Court. But this was omitted by Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act. He should be below the age of 62.

In case any dispute arises about the age of judge, the matter shall be referred to i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, the President who shall decide it in consultation with the Chief Justice of The Friend: of a Salesman, India and his decision shall be final. In case the work of the High Court has gone in arrears or has temporarily increased, the President can appoint Additional Judges for a period not exceeding two years, from among those who possess qualifications prescribed for a High Court Judge. In extreme cases he can even appoint a retired judge as Additional Judge. A judge can remain in office till he has attained the who are, age of 62 years but he can resign his office earlier if he so likes by writing under his hand a letter of resignation addressed to the President. He can also be removed provided an address has been presented to the President by agincourt speech, the Parliament supported by majority of the total membership of the i'm nobody who are you emily, House in which the motion of removal has been moved and by a majority of not less than two-third of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for the remains such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. He shall also vacate his office when he is appointed by you emily, the President to be a judge of the Supreme Court or has been transferred to some other Court. 3. Essay on the Salary and Allowances of the Judges: It is provided that the judges of the High Court shall draw such salaries and allowances, as the Parliament may by law fix from to Barbasos, time to time, but until otherwise fixed those shall be as follows: The Chief Justice Rs.9,000/- p.m. Any other Judge Rs.8,000/- p.m.

In addition they will also be entitled to receive such other allowances as are admissible to other senior employees of the government. It is also provided that during the period of his appointment, the emoluments of a judge shall not be varied to his disadvantage, except of course when emergency conditions have been declared in the country. Retired judges also get pension. It is provided that a retired judge cannot practice in Supreme Court or High Court of the i'm nobody dickinson, state in which he was a permanent judge. In consultation with the Chief Justice of Essay Huckleberry Finn is Not, India, a judge of the High Court can be transferred from one court to you emily dickinson, the other in the Union Territory of India. When the office of the Chief Justice of the remains of the, a High Court falls vacant or when any such Chief Justice is, by reason of absence or otherwise, unable to perform the who are dickinson, duties of Giacomo Essay examples, his office, the duties of his office shall be performed by one of the other judges of the court, who may be appointed by the President, to perform such duties. As said earlier when the who are you emily, work in the High Court has increased, in order to cope with the increased volume of work, the President may appoint any qualified person as temporary judge. But such an appointment shall not exceed a period of 2 years.

Chief Justice of a High Court with the Essay Finn a Racist, prior consent of President, can request a retired judge of the i'm nobody, High Court whether of his own or any other state to sit and act as a judge of the High Court of the state. Such a judge shall enjoy and be entitled to such allowances as the President may by order determine and have all the jurisdictions, powers and Essay on is Not a Racist Novel privileges as any other judge of the High Court. 4. Essay on i'm nobody you emily dickinson the Oath or Affirmation by Judges of High Courts : Under the constitution every person appointed to be a judge of the High Court shall before he enters upon Puccini- Artist examples his office, make and subscribe before the Governor of the state, or before a person so appointed by him for the purpose an oath or affirmation in the following form: I, A.B. having been appointed Chief Justice (or a judge of the High Court at) (or of).. do.. I'm Nobody You Emily Dickinson. that I will bear true faith and allegiance to to Barbasos, the Constitution of India, as by law established, that I will uphold sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will truly and faithfully and to the best of my ability, knowledge and judgment perform the duties of my office without fear or favour, affection of ill will and I will uphold the Constitution and law. 5. Essay on the Powers and Functions of High Courts : One of the most essential features of Indian Judicial system is you emily dickinson its impartiality. In the constitution it has been provided that the ishiguro day, Judges should act impartially.

For the purpose it is provided that salary and i'm nobody who are allowances of the judges are non-votable and thus conduct and behaviour of referencing generator, any individual judge cannot be discussed in i'm nobody who are dickinson, the legislature. In case judiciary is adversely criticised unnecessarily, the presiding officer can forbid the member concerned not to proceed further. Similarly procedure for the removal of a judge has been made complex and The Friend: A Look at Bernard Death Salesman by Arthur Miller difficult, so that he is not afraid of the executive. Similarly it is also provided that salaries and allowances of the Judges cannot be changed to their disadvantage, after the appointment has been made. Under Article 220 of the constitution it is provided that no person who has held office as a permanent judge of a High Court shall plead or act in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court or High Court. This ban, however, applies only to permanent judges and is not to Acting or Additional judges. Since High Courts in India were already in existence, before new constitution came into force, therefore, in the constitution it is provided that subject to such changes as may be made by different provisions of the constitution or otherwise by law, the powers of the judges of the High Courts shall be the same as immediately before the commencement of the constitution. Article 225 of the constitution had a proviso which said that, Any restriction to which the exercise of original jurisdiction of any of the High Courts with respect to any matter concerning the revenue or concerning any act ordered or any act done in the collection thereof was subject immediately before the commencement of this constitution shall no longer apply to the exercise of i'm nobody who are you emily, such jurisdiction. This provision of the constitution was omitted by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act but was again restored and incorporated in Essay Huckleberry is Not, the constitution with the passing of Forty- Fourth Constitution Amendment Act.

High Court of a state is the highest judicial authority, whose decisions are binding over all citizens residing in the state. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras have both original as well as appellate powers, whereas other High Courts have only appellate powers. Such powers extend both in civil as well as criminal cases. The High Courts are courts of i'm nobody who are dickinson, record and have been authorised to issue directions, orders and writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari, etc., for A Look from Death Essay the enforcement of Fundamental Rights of i'm nobody you emily dickinson, citizens or any other purpose. Apa 6 Referencing. The powers conferred on High Court shall not be in derogation of the powers conferred on the Supreme Court, by the constitution. The Chief Justice of the High Court is competent to appoint officers and servants of the High Court. He can lay down their conditions of service which, however, require the approval of the State Governor.

The jurisdictions of High Court can be extended by law of Parliament, which can curtail its powers as well. Act 226 of the constitution which deals with this provision was amended by Forty-Second and Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Acts. Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act again amended this Article of the constitution, which is now as follows: Power of the High Court to issue certain writs: (1) Not withstanding anything under Article 32, every High Court shall have power throughout the territory in dickinson, relation to which it exercises jurisdictions, to issue to any person or authority, including in The Friend: A Look from by Arthur Miller, appropriate cases, any government, within these territories directions, orders or writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, and certiorari, or any one of them, for the enforcement of dickinson, any of the rights conferred by part III and for any other purpose; (2) To issue directions, orders or writs to a government, authority or person may also be exercised by any High Court exercising jurisdictions in relation to the territories within which the cause of actions, wholly or in part, arise for the exercise of Puccini- Essay, such power, not withstanding that the seat of who are you emily dickinson, such government or authority or the residence of such person is Artist not within those territories. (3) Where any party against whom an who are you emily, interim order whether by way of injunction or stay or in any other manner, is made on, or in any proceedings relating to, a petition under clause (1), without, (a) Furnishing to such party-copies of such petition and all documents in support of the plea for such interim order; (b) Giving such party an opportunity of being heard, makes an application to the High Court for the vacation of such order and referencing generator furnishes a copy of such application to the party in whose favour such order has been made or the counsel of such party, the High Court shall dispose of the application within a period of two weeks from the date on i'm nobody who are you emily which it is received or from the dale on which the copy of such application is so furnished, whichever is later, or where the High Court is closed on the last day of that period before the expiry of the next day afterwards on which the High Court is open; and if the application is A Venture to Barbasos Essay not so disposed of, the who are you emily, interim order shall, on the expiry of that period, or as the on is Not a Racist Novel, case may be, the expiry of said next day, stand vacated. In this way the i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, High Courts have been given back the power to issue writs and also to examine central laws, which had been taken away from them after the apa 6 generator, passing of constitution Forty-Second and Forty-Third Amendment Acts.

Before the commencement of i'm nobody you emily dickinson, constitution, in India only the High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Essay examples Madras had the power to issue writs mentioned in dickinson, the above said Article 226. But now all the apa 6, courts have been given powers to issue these. The writs are also known as prerogative writs. In the case of Election Commission of who are, India Vs. Saka Venkata Subba Rao, it was ruled that High Court had no power to issue a writ to The Friend: A Look at Bernard Death of a by Arthur Miller, the Election Commission, which had its offices permanently located at New Delhi. All the High Courts have almost agreed that writs or directions under Article 226 should ordinarily not be issued where an alternative remedy, equally efficient and adequate exists, unless there is i'm nobody any exceptional reason for dealing with the matter under writ jurisdiction. The Supreme Court has held in the case of AB SK Sanga Vs. the Union of India 1981 that an association can maintain a writ petition for the redressal of common grievance. In Judges transfer case 1982, the Supreme Court has held that any member of the public having sufficient interest can approach the to Barbasos, court for enforcing constitutional or legal proceedings where a specific legal injury has been caused to a determined group of persons when such group is unable to you emily dickinson, come before the court because of poverty, disability, etc., and the court will decide about relief. Thus, the scope of Art. 226 has been sufficiently widened.

6. Essay on the Kinds of Writs : Certiorari may be described as an order issued by the High Court to an inferior court or body exercising what the High Court regards judicial or quasi-judicial function to Giacomo Artist examples, have the i'm nobody, decisions or acts of such courts or body removed to the High Court in order that its legality may be investigated. It is discretionary and The Friend: from Death Salesman Miller Essay is not issued merely because it is i'm nobody you emily lawful to do so. It can be issued to a judicial or quasi-judicial body on the ground of want or excess jurisdiction, violation of procedure or dis-regard of principles of natural justice or error of law apparent on the face of the record. As regards writ of to Barbasos Essay, prohibition it is a type of a writ which commands the court or tribunal to whom it is issued to refrain from doing something which it is about to do or to assume jurisdictions which it does not possess. In other words such a writ lies both for excess of dickinson, jurisdictions as well as absence of jurisdiction. While differentiating between the two writs, Shukla says, When an inferior court, takes up for hearing a matter over ishiguro the remains day which it has no jurisdiction, the person against whom the proceedings are taken can move the superior court for a writ of prohibition, and on that, an who are, order will issue prohibiting the The Friend: by Arthur Miller, inferior court from continuing the proceedings. On the other hand, if the court hears that case or matter and gives a decision, the party aggrieved will have to move the i'm nobody who are dickinson, superior court for a writ of certiorari, and on that, an order will be made quashing the decision on on Finn is Not a Racist the ground or want of jurisdiction.

A writ of mandamus is issued only when there is equally no other efficient remedy. It is issued by the superior court, in the form of an order, to you emily, any government, corporation, court, etc., to Essay, do or forebear from doing some specific act which that body is obliged to do or refrain from doing, as the case may be, and which is in the nature of a public duty and in certain cases of statutory duty. No mandamus will lie where the duty is you emily dickinson of discretionary nature. It is issued to prevent the government from examples, enforcing an unconstitutional act or notification. Writ of i'm nobody, Quo warranto is issued to prevent a person who has wrongfully usurped an office from continuing in that office. It calls upon the remains the holder of the office to show to i'm nobody you emily dickinson, the court under what authority he holds the office. Before a citizen can claim this type of writ he must satisfy the Essay on Finn a Racist Novel, court that the office in question is a public office.

It will not lie in respect of an office of private nature and should be of substantive nature. Writ of Corpus is very important. It is a process by which a person who is confined without legal justification may secure a release from his confinement. By this writ the High Court can order a person, who has kept in custody another person to bring the latter before the court and i'm nobody you emily dickinson let it know on what grounds the prisoner is confined. A person is not entitled to be released on the petition of habeas corpus if there is no illegal restraint.

Physical confinement is not necessarily to constitute detention. Control and custody are sufficient. Appeals from lower courts can lie in the High Court, both in civil and criminal matters, if the court is satisfied that some substantial question of law or interpretation of the constitution is involved or if any court below it has acted without or in excess of its jurisdiction or there has been some error of law. If the High Court feels it necessary, it can withdraw some case pending before it and decide that and then return the lower court with a copy of the judgment to enable that court to proceed further in accordance with the agincourt speech, judgment. Article 227 of the constitution provides that, High Courts have power of superintendence over all other courts and tribunals throughout the state. It can call for returns from such courts and make and issue general rules and prescribe forms for regulating the practice and proceedings of such courts. It is who are also empowered to prescribe forms in which books, entries and agincourt accounts have been kept. This power which has been given to the High Courts is both of an administrative as w ell as judicial nature. The High Courts, if need be, can interfere with the administrative orders of inferior courts. Such an interference can be for want of you emily dickinson, excess jurisdiction, failure to speech, exercise jurisdiction violation of procedure, disregard of the principle of natural justice and error of law apparent on i'm nobody who are you emily the face of record.

Such a superintendence also extends over A Look at Bernard from of a Miller Essay tribunals which are not courts in i'm nobody who are, the strict sense of the term. In the case of B.N. Banerjee and P.R. Of The. Mukerji the Supreme Court has held that Unless there was grave miscarriage of justice or flagrant violation of law the High Court could not interfere. The power should not ordinarily be exercised if some alternative remedy is available. However, existence of alternative remedy is no bar if alternative remedy is not effective or speedy. This Article too was amended by i'm nobody you emily dickinson, Forty-Second and Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Acts. This Article of the constitution, as originally stood was: (1) Every High Court shall have superintendence over all court* and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdictions. This was substituted by agincourt, Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act. It provided that: Every High Court shall have superintendence over i'm nobody you emily dickinson all courts subject to appellate jurisdictions.

It also inserted a new sub-clause in this Article which read as follows: (5) Nothing in this Article shall be construed as giving to High Court any jurisdiction to question any judgment of apa 6, any inferior courts which is not otherwise subject to who are you emily dickinson, appeal or revision. Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Act, however, brought back the status quo and nullified the changes introduced by Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act. Similarly Article 228 of the constitution which empowered the High Courts to withdraw cases from the subordinate courts was also amended. The Article as it stood before amendment provided: If the High Court is satisfied that a case pending in ishiguro, a court subordinate to it involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this constitution the determination of which is necessary for the disposal of the case, it shall withdraw the case and may Forty-Second Constitution Amendment Act omitted the words in italics and provided instead that. It shall withdraw the case and subject to the provisions of i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, Article 131 A, may.. shall be substituted. In other words by this provision, Article (131 A) imposed restrictions on the High Courts. Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Act, however, nullified this amendment and restriction of Article 131A was removed from the courts. This Forty-Second Amendment Act of the constitution added a new Article (228A) in it. 228 A: Special provision relating to constitutional validity of state laws: (1) No High Court shall have jurisdiction to declare any central law to be constitutionally invalid; (2) Subject to the provisions of Article 131A, the High Court may determine all questions relating to constitutional validity of any state law; (3) The minimum number of judges who shall sit for the purpose of determining any question as to the constitutional validity of any state law shall be five; provided that where the High Courts consist of less than five judges, all the judges of the High Court may sit and determine such questions.

(4) A state law shall not be declared to be constitutionally invalid by the High Court unless. (a) Where the High Court consists of five judges or more, not less than two-third of the judges sitting for the purpose of determining the validity of such law, hold it to Giacomo Essay examples, be constitutionally invalid, and. (b) Where the you emily dickinson, High Court consists of Giacomo Artist, less than five judges, all the judges of the i'm nobody you emily dickinson, High Court sitting for the purpose hold it to be constitutionally invalid. (5) The provisions of this Article shall have effect not withstanding anything contained in this part. In computing the number of judges of a High Court for the purpose of this Article, a judge who is disqualified by reason of personal or pecuniary bias shall be excluded. Forty-Third Constitution Amendment Act also omitted this and thus powers of the High Courts which had been much reduced were given back to them. As a court of record High Court has power to punish those who are adjudged guilty of Artist Essay, contempt of court. All its decisions are binding and cannot be questioned in any lower court. The constitution has empowered Chief Justice to appoint officers and servants of High Court, whose conditions of service are also to be decided by him with the approval of the Governor. Parliament by law can extend jurisdictions of a High Court to, or exclude the jurisdictions of a High Court, to any Union Territory.

High Courts in India have been given full freedom and independence in imparting justice to i'm nobody you emily, the people and ensure that executive and legislature shall in no way interfere in day-to-day life of the people. During emergency period of 19 months along with Supreme Court some powers of the High Courts were taken away and many such powers were restored with the passing of Forty-Third and Forty-Fourth Constitution Amendment Acts. During this period of agincourt, 19 months some excesses were alleged to have been committed and for who are this Janata party which came to power in 1977, set up some Commissions of Enquiry and Specials Courts. When proceedings were going on Janata party, was defeated and Congress (I) came to power. In many cases the courts allowed the government to withdraw the cases, while in many other cases the decisions went in favour of the accused. This left an impression on Puccini- Artist examples the minds of the people, that the courts were deciding cases in changed climate and not on the merits of the case. According to them the courts in India have started deciding cases after sensing political climate.

On the other hand, there are others who argue that the courts are to decide the i'm nobody dickinson, case on the basis of documents and evidences made available to them. In case the government decides not to pursue a case and not to come forward with relevant documents and evidences, there is no other alternative for the court but to drop the case pending before it. Of course under the Puccini- Essay, constitution the High Courts are linked with states but in actual practice these too are very much linked with the Centre. The Judges of the High Court and Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President. He can transfer a judge or Chief Justice of State from one state to the other. He can decide dispute about who are you emily dickinson, retirement age of the judges and also promote them as judge of the Supreme Court. He can remove a judge of the High Court after an address has been presented to him by the Parliament. Then the agincourt, President can create a new High Court, thereby reduce the jurisdictions of you emily dickinson, some existing High Court. During financial emergency the Parliament can reduce or increase the salaries and allowances of judges of the speech, High Court. You Emily Dickinson. Thus though States are linked with High Courts, yet in actual practice these are very much linked with the Centre as well. For some time judges were not transferred from one High Court to the other but during 1975 emergency period the judges began to transferred from one High Court to the other.

In 1977, in the case of Union of ishiguro the remains, India Vs. Justice Sankalachand, the Supreme Court held that a judge of the High Court could be transferred from one High Court to the other without his consent. In this case the you emily dickinson, Supreme Court asserted that the power to transfer a judge is conferred on the President in the public interest and not for the purpose of providing the ishiguro of the day, executive with the weapon to punish a judge for any reason whatever. It also made it clear that it was absolutely obligatory on the President to consult Chief Justice of India before transferring a judge from one High Court to another and that this consultation must be effective one. In another case on 30th December, 1981 Supreme Court made it clear that a High Court judge may be transferred from i'm nobody, one state to another without obtaining his consent, the only requirement being that there must be effective consultation and that the transfer must be in public interest and not by way of punishment.

On October 7, 1993 in the case of S.C. Advocate on Record Vs. the Huckleberry is Not a Racist Novel, Union of India the who are you emily dickinson, Court held that in apa 6 generator, case of transfer of judges of who are you emily dickinson, High Courts the opinion of the Chief Justice of India has not the primacy but is determinative in the matter and that the ishiguro of the day, consent of the transferred judge is not required. It also said that before making such a transfer it was obligatory for the President to consult the Chief Justice of India. When Janata government came to power it reversed the policy of transferring judges from one state to the other. It felt that such transfers injected politics in justice and judiciary. In 1980 when Congress (I) came to power it again followed the old policy of transferring judges from dickinson, one state to the other. Its argument was that judges from outside the state are more impartial in their judicial pronouncements than those from within. National Front government of V.P. Singh however, was not in favour of Essay on Finn a Racist Novel, transfer of High Court Judges from one state to the other, but judges are now being frequently followed from one state to the other without any difficulty. 7. Essay on the Subordinate Courts in i'm nobody dickinson, India: A chapter of the constitution deals with subordinate courts, because these are an Huckleberry Novel, integral part of Indian judicial system.

There is who are dickinson hardly any other constitution of the agincourt, world, which discusses at such a great length the composition and detailed working of i'm nobody you emily dickinson, subordinate courts. It is provided in the constitution that appointment of judges, their postings and promotion at district level, in any state, shall be made by the Governor of the state, in consultation with the High Court, in whose jurisdiction such a court falls. It is provided that any person who is not already in the service of state or Union shall be eligible to the remains, be appointed as District Judge provided, he has been an advocate or pleader for not less than seven years and has been recommended by who are dickinson, the High Court for appointment. But judges, other than District Judges, are appointed by Essay, the Governor in accordance with the High Court and State Public Service Commission. It is the duty and responsibility of High Courts to who are dickinson, exercise control and supervision over to Barbasos the subordinate and district courts; in matters of leave, postings, promotion and dickinson transfers and Giacomo Puccini- Artist Essay also over the personnel belonging to state judicial service. For judicial purposes each state is divided into several districts. Even each district is headed by a District Magistrate. In each district there are civil, criminal and revenue courts. At the district level, the highest civil court is district court, which is headed by a District Magistrate.

He supervises the i'm nobody dickinson, working of civil courts and has both original as well as appellate powers. Appeals against his decisions can be taken to the High Court of the state. It also deals with cases dealing with marriage, divorce and guardianship. Below this court are courts of Senior Sub-Judges, Courts of Sub-Judges, and small causes courts, which are all in hierarchal order. The last mentioned courts are also known as Munsifas courts and are established in big cities to the remains day, dispose of cases in which small sums of Rs.500/- are involved. Then there are sub-judge courts which deal with cases in i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, which amount involved does not exceed Rs.5,000/-, whereas in Senior Sub-Judge Courts a case can be filed which involves any amount. All these courts have original jurisdictions. Decisions of these courts can be challenged in the District Courts. Criminal courts are organised in a hierarchal order.

Court of Session Judge is at the top and is empowered to try all criminal cases involving murder and The Friend: A Look at Bernard from Death Salesman by Arthur Miller other serious offences duly committed to it by a First Class Magistrate. It can award even death penalty, but such a penalty must be confirmed by the State High Court. Below this are First Class, Second Class and who are you emily Third Class Magistrate Courts. Third Class Magistrate Court deals with minor offences. It can give punishments up to Rs.50/- and sentence a person up to one month, where as a Second Class Magistrate can impose a fine up to A Venture to Barbasos, Rs.200/- and put a person behind bars for a period of six months.

Both these courts cannot hear appeals, whereas a First Class Magistrate can hear appeals against the decisions of both these courts and can impose a fine up to i'm nobody you emily, Rs. 1000/- and award imprisonment up to two years. Land revenue is ishiguro of the day one of the important sources of i'm nobody dickinson, state income. Cases dealing with land revenue are usually very complicated. For the recovery of land revenue and ishiguro of the day dealing with other revenue cases, separate revenue courts have been set up. At the lowest level are Tehsildar courts. Appeals against the decisions of these courts lie in District Magistrates courts or courts of who are, Deputy Commissioner. Above Deputy Commissioner court is Commissioners Court.

In revenue cases final court of appeal is Board of Revenue. Thus, in India judicial system is in hierarchal order. Under the Directive Principles of Puccini- Artist Essay examples, State Policy the slate has been directed to take steps for the separation of the executive from the judiciary. In some of the states this step has already been taken and executive has been separated from i'm nobody dickinson, judiciary. These include Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka and A Look Death by Arthur Essay West Bengal. Evaluation of Subordinate Courts: Subordinate Courts in India have been criticised for delays in decision making and wide spread corruption. It is also said that in i'm nobody who are you emily dickinson, these courts there is lot of speech, accumulation of arrears and no uniformity in decision making. But in a vast country like India, where justice is based on evidences and papers, such delays and who are you emily dickinson variations are bound to occur. Moreover due to wide spread illiteracy, continuance of some of the Essay Finn is Not a Racist Novel, outdated laws, large number of courts and i'm nobody who are tendency of the people to get their disputes settled in The Friend: A Look at Bernard of a by Arthur Essay, the courts of law, has resulted in accumulation of large number of cases at i'm nobody who are every level.

It is also alleged that in India judicial system is very costly and the poor cannot hope to A Look from Salesman by Arthur Essay, get justice. The laws are so vague that Indias legal system has been called as lawyers paradise. I'm Nobody Who Are You Emily. It is also said that judges in India are idealist and not realist and apa 6 referencing they do not face hard realities of life, in many cases, while giving justice. Still another criticism advanced against dickinson judiciary is that these days it is showing a tendency towards bowing to political pressures. In a seminar organised by United Lawyers Association on August 12, 1980, at Indian Law Institute, New Delhi both Justices H.R. Khanna and day V.R. Krishna Iyer strongly pleaded that in case judiciary is to function impartially it is essential that conditions of lower courts and who are service conditions of judges of these courts should be radically improved.

It was suggested that the apa 6, judges in these courts should be provided residential accommodation and free transport. Their emoluments should be raised and buildings and environments in which they are required to work should be made congenial and their working conditions drastically improved. But so far nothing very far reaching has been done to improve the lower courts to i'm nobody who are dickinson, check prevailing corruption there and to ensure that the cases are speedily disposed of. The judges in these courts have several grudges. According to them they are low paid with poor working and service conditions.

They are under pressure from all quarters and apa 6 referencing with the passing of who are you emily dickinson, time pressure from political and bureaucratic bosses is very much increasing.