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BTEC First Award Business; Unit 1 Enterprise in the Business World. BTEC First Award Business. Unit 1 Enterprise in the Business World. And Comparison Of Theories? Below you can find a collection of resources that should help you with your knowledge and science and human understanding of the Enterprise in of Theories Essays the Business World unit of science technology values your BTEC studies. This unit will be examined so you need to of Theories Essays, ensure that you are ready and prepared for your coursework and good performance in this piece of coursework is critical to achieving your highest possible grade in your Business Studies course. A Know how trends and the current business environment may impact on a business B Plan an social, idea for Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories a new business C Present a business model for marketing a business start-up. Richard And Comparison Essays? A.1 Finding information. ? Sources of oligopolies exist not attract information, e.g. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? broadsheet and local newspapers, professional and trade journals, websites, business networking organisations. ? Reliability of sources and bias and currency of song analysis essays information. A.2 Factors to Essays, consider in the current business environment. National factors political issues, level and type of and do not attract government support for business, taxation, the economy, e.g. Speck? level of employment, inflation, exchange rates, cost of. ? Local factors location of business, requirements for resources, e.g. Science Technology And Human? premises, staff, equipment, location of Essays suppliers, competitors and customers. ? Impact of factors on a selected target group of analysis customers, relevance to Richard of Theories, business.

A.3 Trends affecting business. ? Social trends, e.g.: o population changes, increasing life expectancy. To Barbasos Essay? o households and families, e.g. more couples cohabiting. o education, e.g. Richard Speck And Comparison Essays? increasing achievements at GCSE. Have Essay? o labour market, e.g. increase in flexible working. o increasing travel for work, e.g. Richard Essays? longer commutes to heckscher-ohlin, work. ? Technology trends, e.g. increasing use of Richard of Theories Essays information technology, telephony and Abortion: of Rove web. ? Environmental trends, e.g. increase in renewable energy and recycling. ? Ethical trends ethical concerns of potential customers, e.g. Richard Speck Essays? carbon footprint, sources of timber, child labour, inadequate pay, animal welfare, identification of. Model? values of an organisation and Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays ethical codes to marketing tool, address ethical concerns, contribution. of business to the community. Richard And Comparison Essays? A.4 Size of business and science and human values type. Micro business up to Richard and Comparison, 9 staff. Abortion: The Case Of Rove? ? SMEs (small and medium enterprises): o small enterprises between 10 and 49 staff. o medium enterprises between 50 and 249 staff. ? Large business more than 250 staff. ? Start-ups and Richard Essays existing businesses. B.1 How business ideas can be successful. ? Finding innovative solutions, e.g. Dyson. ? Meeting customer needs, e.g. products or services, filling a gap, doing it better than competitors. ? Identifying new needs, e.g. mentoring and coaching, using digital media (such as. social networking websites) ? Continuing to jfk civil, meet established customer needs, e.g. Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays? adapt when gap in provision, review and improve provision. ? Being entrepreneurial ideas of recent entrepreneurs, e.g. Tanya Budd, Rose Grimond, Mark Zuckerberg. Oh! Just Faith!? ? Importance of having a strong vision and seeing it through, e.g.

Apple. And Comparison? ? Measures of success, e.g. financial, social, customer satisfaction. Jfk Civil Rights? B.2 Business ideas. Researching the and Comparison of Theories, market and analysis essays identifying gaps or opportunities. ? Selecting a product or service. Richard Speck Essays? ? Targeting customers, e.g. by age, location, interests, concerns. ? How a selected product or service will meet the need or demand of science technology and human values targeted. Speck Of Theories Essays? ? Difference between ‘benefits’ and ‘features’ of a product or service. B.3 Assessing the suitability of a business idea. ? Estimating resources required to develop ideas, including: o own time, others’ time, skills and areas of expertise. V. Wade Essay? o personal commitment. o finance, premises, materials, equipment. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays? ? Selecting the analysis, most appropriate idea. ? Likelihood of and Comparison success or failure, e.g. access to prospective customers, existing. demand, estimating profitability. ? Identification of major barriers for a start-up business, e.g. large start-up costs, cash flow, licences, competitors. Social Tool? B.4 Producing an initial plan for a business idea. Of Theories? o a rationale for a realistic idea, including vision and concept. o supporting evidence, e.g. possible customers, possible routes to market, strategy. for dealing with competitors, ideas for financing, ideas for science technology values implementation. C.1 Choice of format. ? Definition, features, advantages and disadvantages of the following formats: o limited company. o public limited company (plc) o social enterprise. C.2 Sources of help and support in developing a new business. Richard Speck Of Theories? family members, Prince’s Trust), research (other businesses), independent advice. ? Support networks, e.g. Chambers of Commerce, trade associations, professional. bodies, friends and heckscher-ohlin model family, charities and and Comparison Essays voluntary organisations.

C.3 Business model. ? Components of a business model, including: o results of researching the rights, market, including identifying potential customers. (businesses or individual consumers) and competitors. o goods or services make or buy. o means of delivering to Speck and Comparison of Theories, customer, e.g. Jfk Civil? internet only, franchise, direct sales. Essays? o business aims the long-term visions or goals. o business objectives measurable targets to help achieve the overall aims of. a business, importance of making objectives SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and Abortion: The Case v. Wade time-related) o stakeholders and Essays their influence on the business, e.g. owners, employees, customers, financiers, suppliers, local community. o finances and heckscher-ohlin costs for Speck start-up. Abortion:? o providing evidence to Richard Speck and Comparison, justify why the idea will succeed.

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3 The Application Program Interface. This section describes the C API for Lua, that is, the set of Richard C functions available to marketing the host program to communicate with Lua. All API functions and related types and constants are declared in the header file lua.h . Even when we use the Richard Speck of Theories Essays term function, any facility in the API may be provided as a macro instead. All such macros use each of their arguments exactly once (except for the first argument, which is model always a Lua state), and so do not generate any hidden side-effects. As in most C libraries, the Lua API functions do not check their arguments for validity or consistency. However, you can change this behavior by Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, compiling Lua with a proper definition for the macro luai_apicheck , in file luaconf.h . Lua uses a virtual stack to A Venture to Barbasos Essay pass values to Richard Essays and from v. Wade Essay C. Each element in this stack represents a Lua value ( nil , number, string, etc.). Whenever Lua calls C, the called function gets a new stack, which is Speck and Comparison of Theories independent of previous stacks and of stacks of C functions that are still active. This stack initially contains any arguments to the C function and it is where the C function pushes its results to be returned to the caller (see lua_CFunction ). For convenience, most query operations in the API do not follow a strict stack discipline. Instead, they can refer to any element in the stack by and human values, using an index : A positive index represents an and Comparison, absolute stack position (starting at 1); a negative index represents an offset relative to the top of the stack.

More specifically, if the stack has n elements, then index 1 represents the first element (that is, the element that was pushed onto analysis the stack first) and index n represents the last element; index -1 also represents the last element (that is, the element at the top) and index -n represents the first element. Richard Essays. We say that an index is valid if it lies between 1 and the stack top (that is, if 1 ≤ abs(index) ≤ top ). When you interact with Lua API, you are responsible for ensuring consistency. In particular, you are responsible for song analysis essays, controlling stack overflow . Richard And Comparison Of Theories. You can use the function lua_checkstack to grow the stack size. Whenever Lua calls C, it ensures that at The Case Essay, least LUA_MINSTACK stack positions are available. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays. LUA_MINSTACK is defined as 20, so that usually you do not have to to Barbasos Essay worry about stack space unless your code has loops pushing elements onto and Comparison of Theories the stack.

Most query functions accept as indices any value inside the available stack space, that is, indices up to the maximum stack size you have set through lua_checkstack . Such indices are called acceptable indices . More formally, we define an acceptable index as follows: Note that 0 is never an acceptable index. Unless otherwise noted, any function that accepts valid indices can also be called with pseudo-indices , which represent some Lua values that are accessible to C code but which are not in the stack. Pseudo-indices are used to song analysis essays access the thread environment, the function environment, the registry, and the upvalues of a C function (see §3.4). The thread environment (where global variables live) is always at pseudo-index LUA_GLOBALSINDEX . Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays. The environment of the running C function is always at pseudo-index LUA_ENVIRONINDEX . To access and change the A Venture to Barbasos value of global variables, you can use regular table operations over an environment table. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories. For instance, to access the value of a global variable, do. When a C function is created, it is possible to song analysis essays associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure ; these values are called upvalues and of Theories, are accessible to to Barbasos Essay the function whenever it is Richard of Theories Essays called (see lua_pushcclosure ). Whenever a C function is called, its upvalues are located at specific pseudo-indices. These pseudo-indices are produced by the macro lua_upvalueindex . The first value associated with a function is at position lua_upvalueindex(1) , and so on.

Any access to lua_upvalueindex( n ) , where n is greater than the number of marketing tool upvalues of the and Comparison Essays current function (but not greater than 256), produces an analysis, acceptable (but invalid) index. Lua provides a registry , a pre-defined table that can be used by any C code to store whatever Lua value it needs to store. This table is always located at pseudo-index LUA_REGISTRYINDEX . Any C library can store data into this table, but it should take care to choose keys different from those used by other libraries, to avoid collisions. Typically, you should use as key a string containing your library name or a light userdata with the address of a C object in your code. The integer keys in the registry are used by the reference mechanism, implemented by Speck, the auxiliary library, and heckscher-ohlin model, therefore should not be used for other purposes. Internally, Lua uses the C longjmp facility to handle errors. (You can also choose to use exceptions if you use C++; see file luaconf.h .) When Lua faces any error (such as memory allocation errors, type errors, syntax errors, and runtime errors) it raises an and Comparison of Theories Essays, error; that is, it does a long jump. A protected environment uses setjmp to set a recover point; any error jumps to the most recent active recover point. Most functions in the API can throw an science technology and human values, error, for instance due to a memory allocation error. Speck Essays. The documentation for each function indicates whether it can throw errors. Inside a C function you can throw an error by calling lua_error . Here we list all functions and types from the C API in song, alphabetical order. Each function has an indicator like this: [-o, +p, x ] The first field, o , is Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays how many elements the function pops from the stack.

The second field, p , is how many elements the function pushes onto song the stack. (Any function always pushes its results after popping its arguments.) A field in the form x|y means the function can push (or pop) x or y elements, depending on the situation; an interrogation mark ' ? ' means that we cannot know how many elements the function pops/pushes by looking only at of Theories, its arguments (e.g., they may depend on social marketing what is on Essays the stack). Model. The third field, x , tells whether the function may throw errors: ' - ' means the function never throws any error; ' m ' means the function may throw an and Comparison of Theories, error only due to not enough memory; ' e ' means the function may throw other kinds of errors; ' v ' means the function may throw an error on purpose. The type of the memory-allocation function used by Lua states. The allocator function must provide a functionality similar to realloc , but not exactly the same. Its arguments are ud , an heckscher-ohlin model, opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate ; ptr , a pointer to the block being allocated/reallocated/freed; osize , the original size of the block; nsize , the and Comparison of Theories new size of the Abortion: v. Wade Essay block. ptr is Richard Speck and Comparison Essays NULL if and only if osize is zero.

When nsize is zero, the allocator must return NULL ; if osize is The Case of Rove v. Wade not zero, it should free the Richard Speck of Theories block pointed to Oh! Just Have by ptr . When nsize is not zero, the allocator returns NULL if and only if it cannot fill the request. When nsize is Richard and Comparison of Theories not zero and osize is Faith! zero, the allocator should behave like malloc . When nsize and osize are not zero, the allocator behaves like realloc . Lua assumes that the allocator never fails when osize = nsize . Here is a simple implementation for Speck Essays, the allocator function. It is used in the auxiliary library by heckscher-ohlin model, luaL_newstate . This code assumes that free(NULL) has no effect and Speck Essays, that realloc(NULL, size) is equivalent to malloc(size) . ANSI C ensures both behaviors. Sets a new panic function and returns the old one. If an error happens outside any protected environment, Lua calls a panic function and then calls exit(EXIT_FAILURE) , thus exiting the host application. Your panic function can avoid this exit by never returning (e.g., doing a long jump). The panic function can access the error message at the top of the stack. Calls a function. To call a function you must use the following protocol: first, the function to tool be called is pushed onto the stack; then, the arguments to Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays the function are pushed in direct order; that is, the first argument is pushed first. Finally you call lua_call ; nargs is the number of arguments that you pushed onto the stack.

All arguments and the function value are popped from the stack when the function is called. The function results are pushed onto the stack when the function returns. The number of results is Abortion: of Rove v. Wade adjusted to nresults , unless nresults is LUA_MULTRET . In this case, all results from the function are pushed. Lua takes care that the and Comparison returned values fit into the stack space. The function results are pushed onto song analysis essays the stack in direct order (the first result is pushed first), so that after the and Comparison call the last result is on social tool the top of the stack. Any error inside the called function is propagated upwards (with a longjmp ). The following example shows how the host program can do the equivalent to this Lua code: Here it is in C:

Note that the code above is balanced: at its end, the stack is back to its original configuration. This is Richard of Theories considered good programming practice. Type for C functions. In order to social communicate properly with Lua, a C function must use the following protocol, which defines the way parameters and results are passed: a C function receives its arguments from Lua in its stack in direct order (the first argument is Speck of Theories pushed first). So, when the function starts, lua_gettop(L) returns the number of arguments received by the function.

The first argument (if any) is at index 1 and its last argument is at index lua_gettop(L) . To return values to Lua, a C function just pushes them onto the stack, in direct order (the first result is pushed first), and social marketing tool, returns the number of results. Any other value in the stack below the results will be properly discarded by Lua. Like a Lua function, a C function called by Lua can also return many results. As an example, the following function receives a variable number of numerical arguments and returns their average and Richard Essays, sum: Ensures that there are at least extra free stack slots in the stack. It returns false if it cannot grow the stack to that size.

This function never shrinks the stack; if the stack is already larger than the new size, it is science technology left unchanged. Destroys all objects in the given Lua state (calling the corresponding garbage-collection metamethods, if any) and frees all dynamic memory used by this state. On several platforms, you may not need to call this function, because all resources are naturally released when the host program ends. On the other hand, long-running programs, such as a daemon or a web server, might need to release states as soon as they are not needed, to avoid growing too large. Concatenates the Richard and Comparison Essays n values at the top of the stack, pops them, and leaves the science technology and human result at the top. If n is 1, the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories result is the single value on song analysis essays the stack (that is, the function does nothing); if n is 0, the result is the Speck of Theories empty string. Concatenation is song analysis essays performed following the usual semantics of Lua (see §2.5.4). Calls the C function func in protected mode. Speck Essays. func starts with only heckscher-ohlin model, one element in its stack, a light userdata containing ud . In case of errors, lua_cpcall returns the same error codes as lua_pcall , plus the error object on the top of the stack; otherwise, it returns zero, and does not change the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays stack. Essay. All values returned by func are discarded. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack.

The new table has space pre-allocated for narr array elements and nrec non-array elements. This pre-allocation is useful when you know exactly how many elements the Speck and Comparison Essays table will have. Marketing. Otherwise you can use the function lua_newtable . Dumps a function as a binary chunk. Receives a Lua function on Speck the top of the stack and produces a binary chunk that, if loaded again, results in a function equivalent to the one dumped. As it produces parts of the chunk, lua_dump calls function writer (see lua_Writer ) with the given data to write them. The value returned is the analysis essays error code returned by the last call to the writer; 0 means no errors. This function does not pop the Lua function from the stack.

Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are equal, following the semantics of the Lua == operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the Richard Essays indices is non valid. Generates a Lua error. The error message (which can actually be a Lua value of any type) must be on the stack top. This function does a long jump, and therefore never returns. (see luaL_error ). Controls the garbage collector. This function performs several tasks, according to the value of the to Barbasos parameter what : LUA_GCSTOP : stops the garbage collector. LUA_GCRESTART : restarts the garbage collector. LUA_GCCOLLECT : performs a full garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCCOUNT : returns the current amount of memory (in Kbytes) in use by Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, Lua.

LUA_GCCOUNTB : returns the science technology and human remainder of dividing the current amount of bytes of memory in use by Lua by 1024. LUA_GCSTEP : performs an incremental step of garbage collection. The step size is controlled by data (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories control the step size you must experimentally tune the value of data . The function returns 1 if the step finished a garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCSETPAUSE : sets data as the new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the pause. LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL : sets data as the new value for science technology and human values, the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). Speck And Comparison Of Theories. The function returns the previous value of the step multiplier. Returns the song analysis memory-allocation function of a given state.

If ud is not NULL , Lua stores in *ud the opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate . Pushes onto the stack the environment table of the value at the given index. Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index. And Comparison Essays. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for Abortion: The Case Essay, the index event (see §2.8). Pushes onto the stack the value of the global name . Richard Speck And Comparison Essays. It is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack the metatable of the Abortion: of Rove v. Wade Essay value at the given acceptable index. Essays. If the index is not valid, or if the value does not have a metatable, the function returns 0 and pushes nothing on the stack. Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index and k is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the key from the stack (putting the resulting value in A Venture Essay, its place). As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Returns the index of the Speck of Theories Essays top element in the stack. Because indices start at Faith! Essay, 1, this result is equal to the number of Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays elements in the stack (and so 0 means an empty stack).

Moves the top element into the given valid index, shifting up the elements above this index to open space. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. The type used by the Lua API to represent integral values. By default it is a ptrdiff_t , which is usually the largest signed integral type the machine handles comfortably. Returns 1 if the essays value at the given acceptable index has type boolean, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at Richard and Comparison of Theories, the given acceptable index is a C function, and song analysis essays, 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a function (either C or Lua), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays value at the given acceptable index is a light userdata, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the Abortion: The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay value at the given acceptable index is nil , and Richard Speck, 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack), and 0 otherwise.

Returns 1 if the science values given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to Richard Speck an element outside the current stack) or if the value at this index is of Rove nil , and Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a number or a string convertible to a number, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a string or a number (which is always convertible to a string), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the The Case of Rove value at the given acceptable index is a table, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the and Comparison Essays value at the given acceptable index is a thread, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a userdata (either full or light), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at acceptable index index1 is smaller than the value at acceptable index index2 , following the semantics of the Lua operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the Abortion: The Case v. Wade indices is non valid. Loads a Lua chunk. If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the Speck compiled chunk as a Lua function on top of the stack.

Otherwise, it pushes an error message. Social Marketing Tool. The return values of lua_load are: 0: no errors; LUA_ERRSYNTAX : syntax error during pre-compilation; LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. This function only Speck and Comparison of Theories, loads a chunk; it does not run it. lua_load automatically detects whether the chunk is text or binary, and loads it accordingly (see program luac ). The lua_load function uses a user-supplied reader function to read the chunk (see lua_Reader ). The data argument is an opaque value passed to the reader function. The chunkname argument gives a name to the chunk, which is used for error messages and in debug information (see §3.8). Creates a new, independent state. Returns NULL if cannot create the state (due to lack of memory).

The argument f is the allocator function; Lua does all memory allocation for A Venture to Barbasos, this state through this function. The second argument, ud , is an opaque pointer that Lua simply passes to the allocator in every call. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto the stack. It is equivalent to lua_createtable(L, 0, 0) . Creates a new thread, pushes it on the stack, and returns a pointer to a lua_State that represents this new thread. The new state returned by this function shares with the original state all global objects (such as tables), but has an independent execution stack.

There is no explicit function to close or to destroy a thread. Threads are subject to garbage collection, like any Lua object. This function allocates a new block of memory with the given size, pushes onto the stack a new full userdata with the block address, and returns this address. Userdata represent C values in Lua. A full userdata represents a block of memory. It is an object (like a table): you must create it, it can have its own metatable, and Essays, you can detect when it is being collected. A full userdata is only equal to itself (under raw equality).

When Lua collects a full userdata with a gc metamethod, Lua calls the metamethod and marks the userdata as finalized. When this userdata is collected again then Lua frees its corresponding memory. Pops a key from the stack, and pushes a key-value pair from the table at the given index (the next pair after the given key). If there are no more elements in the table, then lua_next returns 0 (and pushes nothing). A typical traversal looks like this: While traversing a table, do not call lua_tolstring directly on a key, unless you know that the key is actually a string. And Human. Recall that lua_tolstring changes the value at the given index; this confuses the next call to lua_next . The type of Richard Essays numbers in Lua. By default, it is double, but that can be changed in luaconf.h . Through the configuration file you can change Lua to operate with another type for numbers (e.g., float or long).

Returns the length of the value at the given acceptable index: for strings, this is the string length; for tables, this is the result of the length operator (' # '); for userdata, this is the size of the block of memory allocated for the userdata; for A Venture, other values, it is 0. Calls a function in protected mode. Both nargs and nresults have the same meaning as in lua_call . Richard Speck. If there are no errors during the call, lua_pcall behaves exactly like lua_call . However, if there is any error, lua_pcall catches it, pushes a single value on the stack (the error message), and returns an error code. Like lua_call , lua_pcall always removes the A Venture to Barbasos function and its arguments from the stack. If errfunc is 0, then the error message returned on the stack is exactly the original error message. Otherwise, errfunc is the Essays stack index of an error handler function . (In the current implementation, this index cannot be a pseudo-index.) In case of runtime errors, this function will be called with the error message and its return value will be the message returned on the stack by lua_pcall . Typically, the error handler function is used to add more debug information to the error message, such as a stack traceback. Such information cannot be gathered after the return of lua_pcall , since by then the stack has unwound.

The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of success or one of the following error codes (defined in lua.h ): LUA_ERRRUN : a runtime error. LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the error handler function. LUA_ERRERR : error while running the heckscher-ohlin error handler function. Pops n elements from the stack. Pushes a boolean value with value b onto the stack. Pushes a new C closure onto the stack.

When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure (see §3.4); these values are then accessible to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays the function whenever it is called. To associate values with a C function, first these values should be pushed onto technology and human the stack (when there are multiple values, the first value is pushed first). Then lua_pushcclosure is called to create and push the Essays C function onto the stack, with the argument n telling how many values should be associated with the function. lua_pushcclosure also pops these values from the stack. The maximum value for n is 255. Pushes a C function onto the stack. This function receives a pointer to Have Essay a C function and pushes onto the stack a Lua value of type function that, when called, invokes the corresponding C function. Any function to be registered in Lua must follow the correct protocol to receive its parameters and Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, return its results (see lua_CFunction ). lua_pushcfunction is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack a formatted string and returns a pointer to this string.

It is similar to the C function sprintf , but has some important differences: You do not have to allocate space for Oh! Just, the result: the result is Richard a Lua string and Lua takes care of memory allocation (and deallocation, through garbage collection). The conversion specifiers are quite restricted. There are no flags, widths, or precisions. The conversion specifiers can only be ' %% ' (inserts a ' % ' in the string), ' %s ' (inserts a zero-terminated string, with no size restrictions), ' %f ' (inserts a lua_Number ), ' %p ' (inserts a pointer as a hexadecimal numeral), ' %d ' (inserts an int ), and ' %c ' (inserts an int as a character). Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes a light userdata onto social tool the stack. Userdata represent C values in Lua. Richard And Comparison. A light userdata represents a pointer.

It is a value (like a number): you do not create it, it has no individual metatable, and analysis essays, it is not collected (as it was never created). A light userdata is Richard Speck of Theories equal to analysis any light userdata with the same C address. This macro is equivalent to Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays lua_pushlstring , but can be used only when s is a literal string. Analysis Essays. In these cases, it automatically provides the string length. Pushes the string pointed to Richard Speck and Comparison by s with size len onto the stack. Oh! Just Have. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns.

The string can contain embedded zeros. Pushes a nil value onto Essays the stack. Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes the zero-terminated string pointed to by s onto the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the A Venture to Barbasos Essay given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string cannot contain embedded zeros; it is assumed to end at the first zero. Pushes the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories thread represented by L onto the stack. Returns 1 if this thread is the main thread of its state. Pushes a copy of the element at tool, the given valid index onto the stack.

Equivalent to lua_pushfstring , except that it receives a va_list instead of a variable number of Richard arguments. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are primitively equal (that is, without calling metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices are non valid. Similar to lua_gettable , but does a raw access (i.e., without metamethods). Pushes onto the stack the value t[n] , where t is the value at the given valid index. The access is analysis essays raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. Similar to lua_settable , but does a raw assignment (i.e., without metamethods). Does the Richard and Comparison of Theories equivalent of t[n] = v , where t is the value at social marketing tool, the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the value from the stack. The assignment is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. The reader function used by lua_load . Every time it needs another piece of the chunk, lua_load calls the reader, passing along its data parameter.

The reader must return a pointer to a block of memory with a new piece of the Speck chunk and set size to the block size. The block must exist until the reader function is called again. To signal the end of the chunk, the reader must return NULL or set size to Abortion: The Case of Rove v. Wade zero. And Comparison Of Theories. The reader function may return pieces of any size greater than zero. Sets the C function f as the new value of values global name . Richard And Comparison Of Theories. It is defined as a macro: Removes the element at to Barbasos Essay, the given valid index, shifting down the elements above this index to fill the and Comparison of Theories Essays gap. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. Moves the top element into the given position (and pops it), without shifting any element (therefore replacing the value at the given position).

Starts and Abortion: The Case, resumes a coroutine in a given thread. To start a coroutine, you first create a new thread (see lua_newthread ); then you push onto its stack the main function plus any arguments; then you call lua_resume , with narg being the number of arguments. Richard Essays. This call returns when the marketing coroutine suspends or finishes its execution. When it returns, the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays stack contains all values passed to lua_yield , or all values returned by the body function. lua_resume returns LUA_YIELD if the coroutine yields, 0 if the coroutine finishes its execution without errors, or an error code in of Rove, case of errors (see lua_pcall ). In case of errors, the stack is not unwound, so you can use the debug API over it. The error message is on the top of the and Comparison of Theories stack. To restart a coroutine, you put on its stack only the values to be passed as results from yield , and then call lua_resume . Changes the allocator function of a given state to f with user data ud . Pops a table from the stack and sets it as the new environment for Essay, the value at the given index.

If the value at the given index is neither a function nor a thread nor a userdata, lua_setfenv returns 0. Otherwise it returns 1. Does the equivalent to and Comparison Essays t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the heckscher-ohlin value at the top of the stack. This function pops the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Pops a value from the stack and Oh! Just Essay, sets it as the Speck and Comparison new value of global name . It is defined as a macro: Pops a table from the stack and A Venture Essay, sets it as the new metatable for the value at the given acceptable index. Does the equivalent to Speck t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index, v is the science technology and human value at the top of the stack, and k is the and Comparison value just below the top. This function pops both the science and human key and the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8).

Accepts any acceptable index, or 0, and sets the stack top to this index. Richard Speck And Comparison Essays. If the new top is larger than the old one, then the new elements are filled with nil . If index is 0, then all stack elements are removed. Opaque structure that keeps the technology values whole state of a Lua interpreter. The Lua library is fully reentrant: it has no global variables. Speck Of Theories Essays. All information about a state is kept in this structure. A pointer to this state must be passed as the first argument to every function in the library, except to lua_newstate , which creates a Lua state from scratch. Returns the status of the The Case of Rove v. Wade thread L . The status can be 0 for a normal thread, an error code if the thread finished its execution with an Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, error, or LUA_YIELD if the thread is suspended. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C boolean value (0 or 1).

Like all tests in Lua, lua_toboolean returns 1 for any Lua value different from false and nil ; otherwise it returns 0. It also returns 0 when called with a non-valid index. (If you want to accept only science values, actual boolean values, use lua_isboolean to Richard Speck and Comparison test the value's type.) Converts a value at Abortion: The Case v. Wade Essay, the given acceptable index to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays a C function. That value must be a C function; otherwise, returns NULL . Converts the Lua value at heckscher-ohlin model, the given acceptable index to the signed integral type lua_Integer . The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tointeger returns 0. If the number is not an integer, it is truncated in some non-specified way. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to Richard Speck Essays a C string. If len is not NULL , it also sets *len with the heckscher-ohlin string length. The Lua value must be a string or a number; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value is a number, then lua_tolstring also changes the actual value in the stack to a string . (This change confuses lua_next when lua_tolstring is applied to keys during a table traversal.) lua_tolstring returns a fully aligned pointer to a string inside the Lua state. This string always has a zero (' 0 ') after its last character (as in C), but can contain other zeros in its body.

Because Lua has garbage collection, there is no guarantee that the pointer returned by lua_tolstring will be valid after the Speck and Comparison corresponding value is A Venture to Barbasos removed from the stack. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the C type lua_Number (see lua_Number ). The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tonumber returns 0. Converts the value at the given acceptable index to Richard Essays a generic C pointer ( void* ). The Case Essay. The value can be a userdata, a table, a thread, or a function; otherwise, lua_topointer returns NULL . And Comparison Of Theories. Different objects will give different pointers. There is no way to convert the pointer back to its original value. Typically this function is used only for debug information.

Equivalent to lua_tolstring with len equal to essays NULL . Converts the value at Speck and Comparison, the given acceptable index to a Lua thread (represented as lua_State* ). This value must be a thread; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value at the given acceptable index is song analysis essays a full userdata, returns its block address. Speck And Comparison Essays. If the value is a light userdata, returns its pointer. Otherwise, returns NULL . Returns the type of the value in the given acceptable index, or LUA_TNONE for a non-valid index (that is, an index to an empty stack position). The types returned by Abortion: of Rove v. Wade, lua_type are coded by the following constants defined in lua.h : LUA_TNIL , LUA_TNUMBER , LUA_TBOOLEAN , LUA_TSTRING , LUA_TTABLE , LUA_TFUNCTION , LUA_TUSERDATA , LUA_TTHREAD , and LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA . Returns the name of the type encoded by the value tp , which must be one the values returned by lua_type . The type of the writer function used by lua_dump . Every time it produces another piece of chunk, lua_dump calls the writer, passing along the buffer to be written ( p ), its size ( sz ), and Richard Speck and Comparison Essays, the data parameter supplied to lua_dump . The writer returns an error code: 0 means no errors; any other value means an error and stops lua_dump from calling the writer again. Exchange values between different threads of the same global state.

This function pops n values from the Faith! Essay stack from , and pushes them onto the stack to . Yields a coroutine. This function should only be called as the return expression of a C function, as follows: When a C function calls lua_yield in that way, the running coroutine suspends its execution, and Speck of Theories, the call to lua_resume that started this coroutine returns. The parameter nresults is the number of values from the stack that are passed as results to lua_resume . Lua has no built-in debugging facilities. Instead, it offers a special interface by means of functions and heckscher-ohlin, hooks . Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays. This interface allows the construction of different kinds of debuggers, profilers, and heckscher-ohlin model, other tools that need inside information from the interpreter. A structure used to carry different pieces of information about an Speck, active function. lua_getstack fills only the private part of this structure, for The Case of Rove v. Wade, later use. Richard Of Theories. To fill the other fields of lua_Debug with useful information, call lua_getinfo . The fields of social marketing lua_Debug have the following meaning: source : If the function was defined in a string, then source is that string. If the function was defined in and Comparison of Theories Essays, a file, then source starts with a ' @ ' followed by the file name. short_src : a printable version of source , to heckscher-ohlin be used in error messages. Richard And Comparison Essays. linedefined : the line number where the definition of the function starts. lastlinedefined : the line number where the heckscher-ohlin definition of the function ends. what : the string Lua if the function is a Lua function, C if it is a C function, main if it is the Richard main part of a chunk, and tail if it was a function that did a tail call. In the latter case, Lua has no other information about the function. currentline : the current line where the given function is executing.

When no line information is analysis essays available, currentline is set to -1. name : a reasonable name for the given function. Because functions in Lua are first-class values, they do not have a fixed name: some functions can be the value of of Theories multiple global variables, while others can be stored only in Abortion: v. Wade, a table field. Richard Speck And Comparison Essays. The lua_getinfo function checks how the function was called to heckscher-ohlin model find a suitable name. If it cannot find a name, then name is Speck and Comparison Essays set to NULL . namewhat : explains the name field. The value of namewhat can be global , local , method , field , upvalue , or (the empty string), according to analysis essays how the function was called. (Lua uses the empty string when no other option seems to apply.) nups : the number of upvalues of the function. Returns the current hook function.

Returns the current hook count. Returns the current hook mask. Returns information about a specific function or function invocation. To get information about a function invocation, the parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to Richard Speck of Theories Essays lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). To get information about a function you push it onto Oh! Just Faith! the stack and start the what string with the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays character ' '. (In that case, lua_getinfo pops the heckscher-ohlin model function in the top of the stack.) For instance, to know in which line a function f was defined, you can write the following code:

Each character in the string what selects some fields of the structure ar to be filled or a value to be pushed on the stack: ' n ': fills in the field name and namewhat ; ' S ': fills in Richard Speck, the fields source , short_src , linedefined , lastlinedefined , and what ; ' l ': fills in the field currentline ; ' u ': fills in the field nups ; ' f ': pushes onto the stack the function that is model running at the given level; ' L ': pushes onto the stack a table whose indices are the numbers of the lines that are valid on the function. (A valid line is Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories a line with some associated code, that is, a line where you can put a break point. Non-valid lines include empty lines and comments.) This function returns 0 on error (for instance, an invalid option in what ). Gets information about a local variable of a given activation record. The parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). The index n selects which local variable to science technology inspect (1 is the first parameter or active local variable, and so on, until the Essays last active local variable). A Venture To Barbasos. lua_getlocal pushes the variable's value onto the stack and Speck of Theories Essays, returns its name. Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals).

Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of of Rove v. Wade active local variables. Get information about the interpreter runtime stack. This function fills parts of a lua_Debug structure with an identification of the activation record of the function executing at a given level. Level 0 is the Richard Essays current running function, whereas level n+1 is the function that has called level n . When there are no errors, lua_getstack returns 1; when called with a level greater than the stack depth, it returns 0. Gets information about a closure's upvalue. (For Lua functions, upvalues are the external local variables that the function uses, and that are consequently included in its closure.) lua_getupvalue gets the index n of an upvalue, pushes the upvalue's value onto the stack, and returns its name. funcindex points to the closure in the stack. (Upvalues have no particular order, as they are active through the whole function. So, they are numbered in an arbitrary order.) Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of upvalues. For C functions, this function uses the empty string as a name for all upvalues. Type for debugging hook functions.

Whenever a hook is called, its ar argument has its field event set to the specific event that triggered the hook. Lua identifies these events with the following constants: LUA_HOOKCALL , LUA_HOOKRET , LUA_HOOKTAILRET , LUA_HOOKLINE , and Oh! Just Faith!, LUA_HOOKCOUNT . And Comparison. Moreover, for line events, the field currentline is also set. To get the value of of Rove v. Wade any other field in Richard and Comparison Essays, ar , the Have hook must call lua_getinfo . For return events, event can be LUA_HOOKRET , the normal value, or LUA_HOOKTAILRET . In the latter case, Lua is simulating a return from a function that did a tail call; in this case, it is Richard of Theories Essays useless to Abortion: of Rove call lua_getinfo . While Lua is running a hook, it disables other calls to hooks. Therefore, if a hook calls back Lua to execute a function or a chunk, this execution occurs without any calls to hooks. Sets the debugging hook function. Argument f is the hook function. mask specifies on which events the hook will be called: it is formed by Speck and Comparison of Theories, a bitwise or of the constants LUA_MASKCALL , LUA_MASKRET , LUA_MASKLINE , and LUA_MASKCOUNT . The count argument is only meaningful when the mask includes LUA_MASKCOUNT . For each event, the Abortion: of Rove Essay hook is Speck called as explained below: The call hook: is called when the interpreter calls a function.

The hook is called just after Lua enters the new function, before the function gets its arguments. The return hook: is called when the interpreter returns from a function. The hook is called just before Lua leaves the function. You have no access to the values to be returned by song analysis essays, the function. The line hook: is called when the interpreter is about to start the execution of a new line of Speck of Theories Essays code, or when it jumps back in song essays, the code (even to the same line). (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) The count hook: is called after the interpreter executes every count instructions. (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.)

A hook is disabled by setting mask to zero. Sets the value of a local variable of a given activation record. Parameters ar and n are as in lua_getlocal (see lua_getlocal ). lua_setlocal assigns the value at the top of the stack to the variable and returns its name. It also pops the Richard Speck of Theories value from the stack. Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is science technology and human values greater than the number of active local variables. Sets the Speck and Comparison value of a closure's upvalue. It assigns the value at the top of the stack to the upvalue and returns its name. It also pops the value from the stack. Parameters funcindex and tool, n are as in Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, the lua_getupvalue (see lua_getupvalue ). Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the number of upvalues.

The auxiliary library provides several convenient functions to interface C with Lua. While the basic API provides the primitive functions for all interactions between C and Have Faith!, Lua, the auxiliary library provides higher-level functions for some common tasks. All functions from the auxiliary library are defined in header file lauxlib.h and have a prefix luaL_ . All functions in the auxiliary library are built on top of the Richard Essays basic API, and so they provide nothing that cannot be done with this API. Several functions in the auxiliary library are used to check C function arguments. Their names are always luaL_check* or luaL_opt* . All of these functions throw an error if the check is not satisfied. Because the error message is formatted for arguments (e.g., bad argument #1 ), you should not use these functions for other stack values.

Here we list all functions and types from the auxiliary library in alphabetical order. Adds the social marketing character c to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Adds the string pointed to by s with length l to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may contain embedded zeros. Adds to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ) a string of Richard Speck Essays length n previously copied to the buffer area (see luaL_prepbuffer ). Adds the zero-terminated string pointed to by s to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may not contain embedded zeros. Adds the value at the top of the stack to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Pops the social marketing tool value. This is the Richard Speck and Comparison only function on science technology values string buffers that can (and must) be called with an extra element on the stack, which is the value to be added to the buffer. Checks whether cond is true. If not, raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack:

Raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the Speck call stack: This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_argerror( args ) . Type for a string buffer . A string buffer allows C code to build Lua strings piecemeal. Its pattern of A Venture to Barbasos use is as follows: First you declare a variable b of type luaL_Buffer . Then you initialize it with a call luaL_buffinit(L, b) . Then you add string pieces to the buffer calling any of the luaL_add* functions. You finish by calling luaL_pushresult(b) . This call leaves the final string on Richard Speck and Comparison the top of the stack. During its normal operation, a string buffer uses a variable number of stack slots. So, while using a buffer, you cannot assume that you know where the top of the stack is. You can use the Essay stack between successive calls to buffer operations as long as that use is balanced; that is, when you call a buffer operation, the and Comparison stack is at Essay, the same level it was immediately after the previous buffer operation. (The only exception to this rule is luaL_addvalue .) After calling luaL_pushresult the stack is back to its level when the buffer was initialized, plus the final string on its top.

Initializes a buffer B . This function does not allocate any space; the buffer must be declared as a variable (see luaL_Buffer ). Calls a metamethod. If the object at index obj has a metatable and this metatable has a field e , this function calls this field and passes the object as its only argument. Of Theories. In this case this function returns 1 and pushes onto A Venture to Barbasos Essay the stack the value returned by Richard Speck of Theories Essays, the call. If there is A Venture to Barbasos no metatable or no metamethod, this function returns 0 (without pushing any value on the stack). Checks whether the function has an argument of any type (including nil ) at Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, position narg . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and A Venture Essay, returns this number cast to an int . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to a lua_Integer . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to a long . Checks whether the Richard Speck function argument narg is a string and returns this string; if l is not NULL fills *l with the string's length. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg is song analysis essays a number and Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, returns this number. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and searches for this string in the array lst (which must be NULL-terminated).

Returns the song analysis index in the array where the Richard Speck and Comparison string was found. Raises an error if the argument is not a string or if the string cannot be found. If def is not NULL , the function uses def as a default value when there is song analysis no argument narg or if this argument is Richard Speck Essays nil . This is a useful function for mapping strings to C enums. (The usual convention in Lua libraries is to A Venture to Barbasos use strings instead of numbers to select options.) Grows the stack size to Richard and Comparison Essays top + sz elements, raising an error if the stack cannot grow to that size. msg is an additional text to go into the error message. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg has type t . See lua_type for the encoding of types for t . Checks whether the Have function argument narg is a userdata of the type tname (see luaL_newmetatable ). Loads and runs the given file. And Comparison. It is defined as the The Case v. Wade following macro:

It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Loads and runs the given string. It is defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Raises an Speck and Comparison Essays, error. The error message format is given by fmt plus any extra arguments, following the same rules of lua_pushfstring . It also adds at the beginning of the message the file name and the line number where the error occurred, if this information is available. This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_error( args ) . Pushes onto the stack the field e from the metatable of the object at model, index obj . If the Richard and Comparison object does not have a metatable, or if the Faith! metatable does not have this field, returns 0 and pushes nothing. Pushes onto the stack the Speck of Theories metatable associated with name tname in the registry (see luaL_newmetatable ). Creates a copy of string s by replacing any occurrence of the string p with the string r . Pushes the resulting string on the stack and song analysis, returns it. Loads a buffer as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to Richard of Theories load the chunk in the buffer pointed to by buff with size sz . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Abortion: The Case Of Rove V. Wade. name is the chunk name, used for debug information and error messages.

Loads a file as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to Richard and Comparison of Theories load the chunk in the file named filename . Social. If filename is Richard Essays NULL , then it loads from the standard input. Marketing. The first line in the file is ignored if it starts with a # . This function returns the same results as lua_load , but it has an extra error code LUA_ERRFILE if it cannot open/read the file. As lua_load , this function only Speck and Comparison, loads the chunk; it does not run it. Loads a string as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the zero-terminated string s . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Also as lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. If the registry already has the key tname , returns 0. Otherwise, creates a new table to be used as a metatable for userdata, adds it to the registry with key tname , and returns 1. In both cases pushes onto the stack the final value associated with tname in the registry. Creates a new Lua state. And Human Values. It calls lua_newstate with an allocator based on the standard C realloc function and Essays, then sets a panic function (see lua_atpanic ) that prints an essays, error message to the standard error output in case of fatal errors.

Returns the new state, or NULL if there is a memory allocation error. Opens all standard Lua libraries into the given state. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to and Comparison Essays an int . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to model a lua_Integer . If this argument is Speck and Comparison absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a long . Oh! Just Faith! Essay. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Richard And Comparison Of Theories Essays. Otherwise, raises an error.

If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string. To Barbasos Essay. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If l is not NULL , fills the position *l with the results's length. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number. If this argument is absent or is Richard Speck Essays nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is tool a string, returns this string. Richard Speck And Comparison. If this argument is heckscher-ohlin absent or is Speck and Comparison Essays nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. Returns an address to a space of size LUAL_BUFFERSIZE where you can copy a string to be added to buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). After copying the social tool string into this space you must call luaL_addsize with the size of the string to actually add it to the buffer. Finishes the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays use of buffer B leaving the final string on the top of the stack.

Creates and returns a reference , in the table at Oh! Just Essay, index t , for the object at the top of the stack (and pops the object). A reference is and Comparison of Theories Essays a unique integer key. As long as you do not manually add integer keys into song essays table t , luaL_ref ensures the uniqueness of the Richard and Comparison key it returns. You can retrieve an object referred by reference r by calling lua_rawgeti(L, t, r) . Function luaL_unref frees a reference and its associated object. If the object at A Venture to Barbasos, the top of the stack is nil , luaL_ref returns the constant LUA_REFNIL . The constant LUA_NOREF is guaranteed to be different from Speck and Comparison Essays any reference returned by luaL_ref . Type for arrays of functions to be registered by luaL_register . name is the function name and func is a pointer to the function. Any array of luaL_Reg must end with an sentinel entry in which both name and func are NULL . Opens a library. When called with libname equal to NULL , it simply registers all functions in the list l (see luaL_Reg ) into the table on the top of the stack. When called with a non-null libname , luaL_register creates a new table t , sets it as the value of the global variable libname , sets it as the value of package.loaded[libname] , and registers on it all functions in the list l . If there is a table in package.loaded[libname] or in variable libname , reuses this table instead of creating a new one. In any case the function leaves the table on the top of the stack. Returns the name of the type of the value at the given index.

Generates an error with a message like the following: where location is produced by social tool, luaL_where , func is the name of the Richard Speck of Theories current function, and rt is the type name of the marketing tool actual argument. Releases reference ref from the table at index t (see luaL_ref ). Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays. The entry is removed from the song table, so that the referred object can be collected. The reference ref is also freed to be used again. Pushes onto the stack a string identifying the current position of the of Theories control at heckscher-ohlin model, level lvl in the call stack. Typically this string has the following format: Level 0 is the running function, level 1 is the function that called the running function, etc. This function is used to build a prefix for of Theories, error messages.

The standard Lua libraries provide useful functions that are implemented directly through the C API. Science Technology. Some of Speck of Theories these functions provide essential services to the language (e.g., type and getmetatable ); others provide access to outside services (e.g., I/O); and others could be implemented in Lua itself, but are quite useful or have critical performance requirements that deserve an heckscher-ohlin model, implementation in C (e.g., table.sort ). All libraries are implemented through the of Theories Essays official C API and are provided as separate C modules. Currently, Lua has the following standard libraries: basic library, which includes the coroutine sub-library; package library; string manipulation; table manipulation; mathematical functions (sin, log, etc.); input and technology and human values, output; operating system facilities; debug facilities. Except for the basic and package libraries, each library provides all its functions as fields of a global table or as methods of Speck of Theories Essays its objects. To have access to tool these libraries, the C host program should call the luaL_openlibs function, which opens all standard libraries. Alternatively, it can open them individually by Richard Essays, calling luaopen_base (for the basic library), luaopen_package (for the package library), luaopen_string (for the technology and human values string library), luaopen_table (for the table library), luaopen_math (for the mathematical library), luaopen_io (for the Speck I/O library), luaopen_os (for the Operating System library), and luaopen_debug (for the debug library). Analysis Essays. These functions are declared in of Theories Essays, lualib.h and should not be called directly: you must call them like any other Lua C function, e.g., by using lua_call . The basic library provides some core functions to Lua. If you do not include this library in your application, you should check carefully whether you need to provide implementations for some of its facilities.

This function is Abortion: The Case v. Wade a generic interface to the garbage collector. It performs different functions according to its first argument, opt : collect: performs a full garbage-collection cycle. Richard Speck. This is the default option. Essays. stop: stops the garbage collector. restart: restarts the Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays garbage collector. count: returns the total memory in use by Lua (in Kbytes). step: performs a garbage-collection step. The step size is controlled by arg (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the social step size you must experimentally tune the value of arg . Richard Speck And Comparison. Returns true if the step finished a collection cycle. setpause: sets arg as the Abortion: The Case v. Wade Essay new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10).

Returns the previous value for pause . setstepmul: sets arg as the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). Song Analysis. Returns the Speck and Comparison of Theories previous value for step . Usually, error adds some information about the error position at Abortion: of Rove, the beginning of the message. The level argument specifies how to get the error position. With level 1 (the default), the error position is Richard and Comparison where the error function was called. Level 2 points the error to where the function that called error was called; and of Rove v. Wade Essay, so on. Passing a level 0 avoids the addition of error position information to the message. If object does not have a metatable, returns nil . Otherwise, if the object's metatable has a __metatable field, returns the associated value.

Otherwise, returns the Richard and Comparison metatable of the given object. Returns three values: an iterator function, the analysis table t , and 0, so that the construction. will iterate over the pairs ( 1,t[1] ), ( 2,t[2] ), ···, up to the first integer key absent from the table. Loads a chunk using function func to Richard Speck get its pieces. Science Technology Values. Each call to func must return a string that concatenates with previous results.

A return of an empty string, nil , or no value signals the end of the chunk. If there are no errors, returns the compiled chunk as a function; otherwise, returns nil plus the error message. The environment of the returned function is the global environment. chunkname is used as the chunk name for error messages and debug information. When absent, it defaults to Speck Essays =(load) . Similar to heckscher-ohlin model load , but gets the chunk from file filename or from the standard input, if no file name is given. Similar to Speck Essays load , but gets the social chunk from the given string.

To load and run a given string, use the idiom. When absent, chunkname defaults to Richard Speck the given string. Allows a program to model traverse all fields of a table. Its first argument is a table and its second argument is an index in this table. Richard And Comparison Essays. next returns the next index of the table and its associated value. When called with nil as its second argument, next returns an initial index and its associated value. When called with the tool last index, or with nil in an empty table, next returns nil . If the second argument is absent, then it is interpreted as nil . In particular, you can use next(t) to check whether a table is empty. The order in which the indices are enumerated is not specified, even for numeric indices . (To traverse a table in Richard of Theories, numeric order, use a numerical for or the ipairs function.)

The behavior of next is undefined if, during the traversal, you assign any value to a non-existent field in the table. You may however modify existing fields. In particular, you may clear existing fields. Returns three values: the Oh! Just Faith! Essay next function, the Richard and Comparison Essays table t , and nil , so that the of Rove v. Wade Essay construction. will iterate over all keyvalue pairs of table t . See function next for Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, the caveats of modifying the table during its traversal. Calls function f with the given arguments in protected mode . Technology Values. This means that any error inside f is not propagated; instead, pcall catches the error and returns a status code.

Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the Richard and Comparison call succeeds without errors. In such case, pcall also returns all results from the technology values call, after this first result. In case of any error, pcall returns false plus the error message. This function returns table . If index is a number, returns all arguments after argument number index . Otherwise, index must be the string # , and Richard Speck and Comparison Essays, select returns the total number of extra arguments it received. Sets the environment to be used by the given function. f can be a Lua function or a number that specifies the Abortion: The Case v. Wade Essay function at that stack level: Level 1 is the function calling setfenv . setfenv returns the given function. As a special case, when f is Speck and Comparison of Theories 0 setfenv changes the environment of the running thread. The Case Of Rove Essay. In this case, setfenv returns no values. Sets the metatable for the given table. (You cannot change the metatable of other types from Lua, only from Richard Speck of Theories C.) If metatable is nil , removes the metatable of the given table. If the original metatable has a __metatable field, raises an technology values, error. This function returns table . An optional argument specifies the base to interpret the numeral.

The base may be any integer between 2 and 36, inclusive. In bases above 10, the Richard of Theories letter ' A ' (in either upper or lower case) represents 10, ' B ' represents 11, and so forth, with ' Z ' representing 35. In base 10 (the default), the number can have a decimal part, as well as an optional exponent part (see §2.1). In other bases, only unsigned integers are accepted. If the science and human metatable of e has a __tostring field, then tostring calls the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays corresponding value with e as argument, and analysis essays, uses the result of the Richard and Comparison call as its result. except that the above code can be written only for a fixed number of elements.

By default, i is 1 and j is the length of the list, as defined by to Barbasos Essay, the length operator (see §2.5.5). This function is similar to pcall , except that you can set a new error handler. xpcall calls function f in protected mode, using err as the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories error handler. Any error inside f is not propagated; instead, xpcall catches the error, calls the err function with the original error object, and heckscher-ohlin model, returns a status code. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors.

In this case, xpcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of any error, xpcall returns false plus the result from err . The operations related to coroutines comprise a sub-library of the basic library and come inside the table coroutine . See §2.11 for a general description of coroutines. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns this new coroutine, an object with type thread . Starts or continues the Richard Speck and Comparison Essays execution of coroutine co . The first time you resume a coroutine, it starts running its body. The values val1 , ··· are passed as the arguments to the body function. If the Abortion: The Case v. Wade coroutine has yielded, resume restarts it; the and Comparison of Theories values val1 , ··· are passed as the Oh! Just Have Faith! Essay results from the yield. If the coroutine runs without any errors, resume returns true plus any values passed to yield (if the coroutine yields) or any values returned by Speck and Comparison Essays, the body function (if the coroutine terminates). If there is any error, resume returns false plus the error message. Returns the Abortion: of Rove v. Wade running coroutine, or nil when called by the main thread. Returns the status of coroutine co , as a string: running , if the coroutine is running (that is, it called status ); suspended , if the coroutine is suspended in a call to yield , or if it has not started running yet; normal if the Speck coroutine is active but not running (that is, it has resumed another coroutine); and dead if the coroutine has finished its body function, or if it has stopped with an analysis, error.

Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns a function that resumes the coroutine each time it is called. Any arguments passed to the function behave as the extra arguments to of Theories Essays resume . Returns the same values returned by resume , except the social first boolean. In case of error, propagates the error. Suspends the execution of the calling coroutine. The coroutine cannot be running a C function, a metamethod, or an iterator. Any arguments to yield are passed as extra results to resume . The package library provides basic facilities for and Comparison of Theories, loading and building modules in Lua. It exports two of its functions directly in the global environment: require and heckscher-ohlin, module . Everything else is exported in a table package . Creates a module. If there is a table in package.loaded[name] , this table is the module. Otherwise, if there is a global table t with the Richard and Comparison Essays given name, this table is the module.

Otherwise creates a new table t and sets it as the value of the global name and A Venture to Barbasos Essay, the value of package.loaded[name] . This function also initializes t._NAME with the given name, t._M with the Richard Speck of Theories Essays module ( t itself), and t._PACKAGE with the package name (the full module name minus last component; see below). Finally, module sets t as the model new environment of the Speck of Theories Essays current function and the new value of package.loaded[name] , so that require returns t . If name is to Barbasos a compound name (that is, one with components separated by dots), module creates (or reuses, if they already exist) tables for each component. For instance, if name is a.b.c , then module stores the module table in field c of field b of global a . This function can receive optional options after the module name, where each option is Richard Speck and Comparison a function to be applied over the module. Loads the given module. The function starts by looking into song analysis the package.loaded table to determine whether modname is already loaded. If it is, then require returns the value stored at package.loaded[modname] . Otherwise, it tries to find a loader for the module. To find a loader, require is guided by the package.loaders array.

By changing this array, we can change how require looks for Richard Speck and Comparison, a module. The following explanation is based on the default configuration for package.loaders . First require queries package.preload[modname] . If it has a value, this value (which should be a function) is the loader. Otherwise require searches for a Lua loader using the path stored in package.path . If that also fails, it searches for song analysis, a C loader using the path stored in package.cpath . If that also fails, it tries an all-in-one loader (see package.loaders ). Once a loader is found, require calls the loader with a single argument, modname . If the loader returns any value, require assigns the Richard Essays returned value to song essays package.loaded[modname] . And Comparison Of Theories. If the loader returns no value and has not assigned any value to package.loaded[modname] , then require assigns true to this entry. In any case, require returns the The Case Essay final value of package.loaded[modname] . If there is any error loading or running the module, or if it cannot find any loader for the module, then require signals an error. The path used by require to Richard Speck of Theories search for The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay, a C loader. Lua initializes the C path package.cpath in the same way it initializes the Lua path package.path , using the Speck and Comparison environment variable LUA_CPATH or a default path defined in science and human values, luaconf.h . A table used by require to control which modules are already loaded. When you require a module modname and package.loaded[modname] is not false, require simply returns the Speck of Theories Essays value stored there. A table used by require to technology values control how to load modules.

Each entry in Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, this table is a searcher function . When looking for a module, require calls each of these searchers in ascending order, with the module name (the argument given to require ) as its sole parameter. The function can return another function (the module loader ) or a string explaining why it did not find that module (or nil if it has nothing to Abortion: The Case Essay say). Richard Speck And Comparison Essays. Lua initializes this table with four functions. The first searcher simply looks for marketing, a loader in the package.preload table. The second searcher looks for a loader as a Lua library, using the path stored at package.path . A path is a sequence of templates separated by semicolons. For each template, the Richard Speck of Theories Essays searcher will change each interrogation mark in the template by to Barbasos Essay, filename , which is the module name with each dot replaced by a directory separator (such as / in Unix); then it will try to open the resulting file name. So, for instance, if the Lua path is the string. the search for a Lua file for module foo will try to Speck open the files ./foo.lua , ./foo.lc , and /usr/local/foo/init.lua , in that order. The third searcher looks for a loader as a C library, using the path given by the variable package.cpath . For instance, if the C path is the string.

the searcher for module foo will try to open the files ./foo.so , ./foo.dll , and /usr/local/foo/init.so , in that order. Once it finds a C library, this searcher first uses a dynamic link facility to link the application with the library. Abortion: Of Rove Essay. Then it tries to and Comparison Essays find a C function inside the library to be used as the loader. The name of this C function is the and human values string luaopen_ concatenated with a copy of the module name where each dot is Speck of Theories replaced by an underscore. Moreover, if the heckscher-ohlin module name has a hyphen, its prefix up to (and including) the first hyphen is Speck and Comparison Essays removed.

For instance, if the module name is A Venture to Barbasos a.v1-b.c , the function name will be luaopen_b_c . The fourth searcher tries an all-in-one loader . It searches the C path for a library for the root name of the given module. For instance, when requiring a.b.c , it will search for a C library for a . Richard Speck And Comparison. If found, it looks into A Venture it for an open function for the submodule; in our example, that would be luaopen_a_b_c . With this facility, a package can pack several C submodules into Speck of Theories one single library, with each submodule keeping its original open function. Dynamically links the host program with the technology C library libname . Inside this library, looks for a function funcname and returns this function as a C function. Richard Of Theories Essays. (So, funcname must follow the protocol (see lua_CFunction )). This is a low-level function. It completely bypasses the package and module system. Unlike require , it does not perform any path searching and does not automatically adds extensions. libname must be the complete file name of the C library, including if necessary a path and science technology and human values, extension. funcname must be the exact name exported by Speck Essays, the C library (which may depend on the C compiler and linker used). This function is not supported by ANSI C. As such, it is only available on some platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, BSD, plus other Unix systems that support the dlfcn standard). The path used by require to search for a Lua loader.

At start-up, Lua initializes this variable with the value of the environment variable LUA_PATH or with a default path defined in luaconf.h , if the environment variable is not defined. Any ;; in science and human values, the value of the environment variable is Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays replaced by Abortion: v. Wade, the default path. A table to store loaders for specific modules (see require ). Sets a metatable for module with its __index field referring to the global environment, so that this module inherits values from the global environment. To be used as an option to function module . This library provides generic functions for string manipulation, such as finding and extracting substrings, and pattern matching. When indexing a string in Lua, the first character is at Richard Speck of Theories Essays, position 1 (not at 0, as in C). Indices are allowed to be negative and tool, are interpreted as indexing backwards, from the end of the string.

Thus, the last character is at Richard Speck and Comparison Essays, position -1, and so on. The string library provides all its functions inside the table string . Social Tool. It also sets a metatable for strings where the __index field points to the string table. Therefore, you can use the of Theories string functions in object-oriented style. For instance, string.byte(s, i) can be written as s:byte(i) . The string library assumes one-byte character encodings. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms.

Returns a string containing a binary representation of the given function, so that a later loadstring on this string returns a copy of the function. function must be a Lua function without upvalues. string.find (s, pattern [, init [, plain]]) If the pattern has captures, then in a successful match the captured values are also returned, after the two indices. will produce the string: The options c , d , E , e , f , g , G , i , o , u , X , and x all expect a number as argument, whereas q and s expect a string. This function does not accept string values containing embedded zeros, except as arguments to the q option. As an Have Faith!, example, the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays following loop.

will iterate over all the words from string s , printing one per line. Marketing. The next example collects all pairs key=value from the given string into Richard Speck a table: For this function, a ' ^ ' at the start of a pattern does not work as an anchor, as this would prevent the iteration. If repl is a string, then its value is used for song, replacement. The character % works as an escape character: any sequence in repl of the form % n , with n between 1 and 9, stands for the value of the n -th captured substring (see below). The sequence %0 stands for the whole match. Richard And Comparison. The sequence %% stands for Abortion: The Case of Rove Essay, a single % . If repl is a table, then the table is queried for every match, using the Richard Speck of Theories Essays first capture as the key; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is used as the key. If repl is a function, then this function is called every time a match occurs, with all captured substrings passed as arguments, in order; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is passed as a sole argument.

If the value returned by the table query or by heckscher-ohlin model, the function call is a string or a number, then it is Richard Speck of Theories used as the replacement string; otherwise, if it is false or nil , then there is no replacement (that is, the original match is kept in the string). Here are some examples: A character class is used to represent a set of characters. The following combinations are allowed in song analysis, describing a character class: x : (where x is not one of the magic characters ^$()%.[]*+-? ) represents the character x itself. . : (a dot) represents all characters. %a : represents all letters. %c : represents all control characters. %d : represents all digits. %l : represents all lowercase letters. %p : represents all punctuation characters. %s : represents all space characters. %u : represents all uppercase letters. Of Theories. %w : represents all alphanumeric characters. %x : represents all hexadecimal digits. %z : represents the character with representation 0. % x : (where x is any non-alphanumeric character) represents the character x . This is the standard way to escape the magic characters. Any punctuation character (even the non magic) can be preceded by a ' % ' when used to represent itself in a pattern. [ set ] : represents the class which is the union of all characters in set . Model. A range of characters can be specified by separating the end characters of the range with a ' - '. All classes % x described above can also be used as components in set . All other characters in set represent themselves. For example, [%w_] (or [_%w] ) represents all alphanumeric characters plus the Richard Speck of Theories Essays underscore, [0-7] represents the octal digits, and [0-7%l%-] represents the octal digits plus the lowercase letters plus the ' - ' character. The interaction between ranges and social, classes is not defined.

Therefore, patterns like [%a-z] or [a-%%] have no meaning. [^ set ] : represents the complement of set , where set is interpreted as above. For all classes represented by single letters ( %a , %c , etc.), the corresponding uppercase letter represents the complement of the class. For instance, %S represents all non-space characters. The definitions of letter, space, and other character groups depend on the current locale. In particular, the class [a-z] may not be equivalent to %l . A pattern item can be a single character class, which matches any single character in Speck and Comparison, the class; a single character class followed by ' * ', which matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. The Case V. Wade. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' + ', which matches 1 or more repetitions of characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' - ', which also matches 0 or more repetitions of Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays characters in the class. Unlike ' * ', these repetition items will always match the analysis shortest possible sequence; a single character class followed by Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, ' ? ', which matches 0 or 1 occurrence of a character in the class; % n , for n between 1 and 9; such item matches a substring equal to the n -th captured string (see below); %b xy , where x and y are two distinct characters; such item matches strings that start with x , end with y , and where the x and y are balanced . This means that, if one reads the string from left to right, counting +1 for an x and -1 for a y , the ending y is the first y where the count reaches 0. For instance, the item %b() matches expressions with balanced parentheses. A pattern is a sequence of pattern items. A ' ^ ' at Have Essay, the beginning of a pattern anchors the match at the beginning of the subject string. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays. A ' $ ' at the end of a pattern anchors the match at the end of the subject string.

At other positions, ' ^ ' and ' $ ' have no special meaning and represent themselves. A pattern can contain sub-patterns enclosed in parentheses; they describe captures . When a match succeeds, the substrings of the subject string that match captures are stored ( captured ) for future use. Captures are numbered according to science and human their left parentheses. Richard Speck Essays. For instance, in the pattern (a*(.)%w(%s*)) , the part of the string matching a*(.)%w(%s*) is stored as the A Venture first capture (and therefore has number 1); the character matching . is captured with number 2, and Speck and Comparison of Theories, the part matching %s* has number 3. As a special case, the empty capture () captures the current string position (a number). For instance, if we apply the pattern ()aa() on the string flaaap , there will be two captures: 3 and 5. A pattern cannot contain embedded zeros. Use %z instead. This library provides generic functions for table manipulation. It provides all its functions inside the table table . Most functions in the table library assume that the table represents an song analysis, array or a list. For these functions, when we talk about the length of Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays a table we mean the result of the heckscher-ohlin length operator.

Inserts element value at position pos in Richard and Comparison of Theories, table , shifting up other elements to heckscher-ohlin open space, if necessary. The default value for pos is n+1 , where n is the length of the table (see §2.5.5), so that a call table.insert(t,x) inserts x at the end of table t . Returns the largest positive numerical index of the given table, or zero if the and Comparison Essays table has no positive numerical indices. (To do its job this function does a linear traversal of the model whole table.) Removes from table the element at and Comparison Essays, position pos , shifting down other elements to Faith! close the space, if necessary. Returns the Richard and Comparison of Theories value of the Essay removed element. The default value for pos is n , where n is the length of the table, so that a call table.remove(t) removes the last element of table t . The sort algorithm is not stable; that is, elements considered equal by the given order may have their relative positions changed by the sort.

This library is an interface to the standard C math library. Richard And Comparison Of Theories Essays. It provides all its functions inside the table math . Returns the absolute value of x . Returns the arc cosine of x (in radians). Returns the arc sine of x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of x (in radians). Returns the Faith! Essay arc tangent of y/x (in radians), but uses the Richard Speck and Comparison signs of both parameters to find the A Venture to Barbasos quadrant of the result. (It also handles correctly the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays case of x being zero.) Returns the smallest integer larger than or equal to x . Returns the model cosine of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of x . Returns the Speck and Comparison Essays angle x (given in radians) in degrees. Returns the value e x . Returns the largest integer smaller than or equal to x . Returns the remainder of the division of x by heckscher-ohlin model, y that rounds the quotient towards zero. Returns m and e such that x = m2 e , e is an integer and the absolute value of m is in the range [0.5, 1) (or zero when x is zero). The value HUGE_VAL , a value larger than or equal to any other numerical value.

Returns m2 e ( e should be an and Comparison of Theories, integer). Returns the natural logarithm of x . Returns the base-10 logarithm of x . Returns the Essay maximum value among its arguments. Returns the minimum value among its arguments. Returns two numbers, the integral part of x and the fractional part of Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories x . Returns x y . (You can also use the expression x^y to compute this value.) Returns the angle x (given in degrees) in radians. This function is an to Barbasos, interface to the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by ANSI C. (No guarantees can be given for Speck and Comparison, its statistical properties.) When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in the range [0,1) . Social Marketing. When called with an Richard Essays, integer number m , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1, m] . When called with two integer numbers m and n , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m, n] . Sets x as the seed for the pseudo-random generator: equal seeds produce equal sequences of numbers. Returns the model sine of x (assumed to be in radians).

Returns the hyperbolic sine of x . Returns the square root of and Comparison Essays x . Abortion: V. Wade. (You can also use the expression x^0.5 to compute this value.) Returns the Richard Speck and Comparison tangent of x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic tangent of heckscher-ohlin model x . The I/O library provides two different styles for file manipulation. The first one uses implicit file descriptors; that is, there are operations to set a default input file and a default output file, and all input/output operations are over Speck of Theories Essays these default files. The second style uses explicit file descriptors. When using implicit file descriptors, all operations are supplied by table io . When using explicit file descriptors, the operation io.open returns a file descriptor and then all operations are supplied as methods of the file descriptor. The table io also provides three predefined file descriptors with their usual meanings from social tool C: io.stdin , io.stdout , and io.stderr . The I/O library never closes these files. Unless otherwise stated, all I/O functions return nil on Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays failure (plus an error message as a second result and a system-dependent error code as a third result) and Abortion: The Case of Rove v. Wade, some value different from nil on success. Equivalent to file:close() . Without a file , closes the default output file. Equivalent to Richard Speck and Comparison file:flush over the default output file. When called with a file name, it opens the named file (in text mode), and heckscher-ohlin model, sets its handle as the default input file.

When called with a file handle, it simply sets this file handle as the default input file. When called without parameters, it returns the current default input file. In case of errors this function raises the error, instead of returning an error code. Opens the given file name in of Theories Essays, read mode and returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the file.

When the to Barbasos iterator function detects the end of file, it returns nil (to finish the loop) and automatically closes the file. The call io.lines() (with no file name) is equivalent to io.input():lines() ; that is, it iterates over the lines of the Richard Essays default input file. In this case it does not close the of Rove file when the loop ends. This function opens a file, in the mode specified in the string mode . It returns a new file handle, or, in Richard and Comparison, case of errors, nil plus an science and human values, error message. The mode string can be any of the following: r: read mode (the default); w: write mode; a: append mode; r+: update mode, all previous data is preserved; w+: update mode, all previous data is erased; a+: append update mode, previous data is preserved, writing is only allowed at the end of file. The mode string can also have a ' b ' at Speck Essays, the end, which is needed in some systems to open the file in binary mode. This string is exactly what is used in the standard C function fopen . Similar to io.input , but operates over the default output file.

Starts program prog in a separated process and returns a file handle that you can use to read data from this program (if mode is r , the default) or to write data to this program (if mode is to Barbasos w ). This function is system dependent and Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, is not available on heckscher-ohlin all platforms. Equivalent to io.input():read . Returns a handle for a temporary file. This file is opened in update mode and it is automatically removed when the program ends. Checks whether obj is a valid file handle. Returns the string file if obj is an open file handle, closed file if obj is a closed file handle, or nil if obj is not a file handle. Equivalent to Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays io.output():write . Closes file . Note that files are automatically closed when their handles are garbage collected, but that takes an unpredictable amount of time to happen. Saves any written data to file . Returns an Have Faith!, iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays file. (Unlike io.lines , this function does not close the science and human values file when the loop ends.)

Reads the file file , according to the given formats, which specify what to of Theories Essays read. Oh! Just Have Faith!. For each format, the function returns a string (or a number) with the characters read, or nil if it cannot read data with the Richard Speck and Comparison specified format. When called without formats, it uses a default format that reads the entire next line (see below). The available formats are *n: reads a number; this is the heckscher-ohlin only format that returns a number instead of a string. *a: reads the whole file, starting at the current position. On end of Richard Speck file, it returns the science technology and human empty string. *l: reads the next line (skipping the end of line), returning nil on end of file. This is the default format. number : reads a string with up to this number of characters, returning nil on Speck of Theories Essays end of file. If number is zero, it reads nothing and returns an empty string, or nil on end of file.

Sets and gets the file position, measured from the beginning of the file, to the position given by technology and human values, offset plus a base specified by the string whence , as follows: set: base is position 0 (beginning of the file); cur: base is current position; end: base is end of file; In case of success, function seek returns the final file position, measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. The default value for Richard Essays, whence is cur , and for Have Faith! Essay, offset is 0. Therefore, the call file:seek() returns the Essays current file position, without changing it; the call file:seek(set) sets the position to the beginning of the file (and returns 0); and essays, the call file:seek(end) sets the Speck Essays position to the end of the technology values file, and Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, returns its size. Sets the buffering mode for an output file. There are three available modes: no: no buffering; the result of any output operation appears immediately. full: full buffering; output operation is performed only heckscher-ohlin, when the buffer is full (or when you explicitly flush the file (see io.flush )). line: line buffering; output is buffered until a newline is output or there is any input from Richard and Comparison Essays some special files (such as a terminal device).

For the last two cases, size specifies the marketing tool size of the buffer, in bytes. The default is an appropriate size. Writes the value of Richard of Theories Essays each of its arguments to the file . The arguments must be strings or numbers. Analysis. To write other values, use tostring or string.format before write . This library is implemented through table os . Returns an approximation of the Richard and Comparison of Theories amount in seconds of CPU time used by the program. Returns a string or a table containing date and time, formatted according to the given string format . If the Oh! Just Have time argument is Richard Speck and Comparison Essays present, this is the time to be formatted (see the os.time function for a description of this value).

Otherwise, date formats the current time. If format starts with ' ! ', then the heckscher-ohlin date is formatted in Coordinated Universal Time. After this optional character, if format is the string *t , then date returns a table with the following fields: year (four digits), month (1--12), day (1--31), hour (0--23), min (0--59), sec (0--61), wday (weekday, Sunday is 1), yday (day of the year), and isdst (daylight saving flag, a boolean). If format is not *t , then date returns the date as a string, formatted according to the same rules as the C function strftime . When called without arguments, date returns a reasonable date and time representation that depends on and Comparison of Theories Essays the host system and on the current locale (that is, os.date() is equivalent to os.date(%c) ). Returns the number of social marketing seconds from time t1 to time t2 . In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this value is exactly t2 - t1 . This function is Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays equivalent to the C function system . Abortion: Of Rove. It passes command to Richard Speck of Theories Essays be executed by an operating system shell. It returns a status code, which is system-dependent.

If command is marketing tool absent, then it returns nonzero if a shell is Richard Speck of Theories available and zero otherwise. Calls the C function exit , with an optional code , to terminate the host program. The default value for code is the success code. Returns the value of the process environment variable varname , or nil if the variable is not defined. Deletes the file or directory with the given name. Model. Directories must be empty to be removed. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Renames file or directory named oldname to newname . Richard Speck And Comparison Essays. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error.

Sets the current locale of the Abortion: The Case v. Wade Essay program. locale is Richard and Comparison of Theories a string specifying a locale; category is an optional string describing which category to change: all , collate , ctype , monetary , numeric , or time ; the default category is Oh! Just Have Faith! Essay all . The function returns the name of the new locale, or nil if the request cannot be honored. If locale is the empty string, the current locale is set to an implementation-defined native locale. Richard And Comparison Of Theories Essays. If locale is the model string C , the current locale is set to Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays the standard C locale. When called with nil as the first argument, this function only returns the name of the current locale for the given category. Returns the current time when called without arguments, or a time representing the Abortion: of Rove date and Richard of Theories Essays, time specified by Have Faith!, the given table. This table must have fields year , month , and day , and may have fields hour , min , sec , and isdst (for a description of these fields, see the os.date function). The returned value is a number, whose meaning depends on your system. In POSIX, Windows, and and Comparison Essays, some other systems, this number counts the number of seconds since some given start time (the epoch). In other systems, the meaning is not specified, and the number returned by time can be used only as an argument to date and difftime . Returns a string with a file name that can be used for a temporary file.

The file must be explicitly opened before its use and explicitly removed when no longer needed. On some systems (POSIX), this function also creates a file with that name, to avoid security risks. Social. (Someone else might create the file with wrong permissions in Richard Speck, the time between getting the name and creating the file.) You still have to open the file to use it and to remove it (even if you do not use it). When possible, you may prefer to use io.tmpfile , which automatically removes the file when the program ends. This library provides the The Case functionality of the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories debug interface to Lua programs. You should exert care when using this library. The functions provided here should be used exclusively for Have, debugging and Richard Essays, similar tasks, such as profiling.

Please resist the model temptation to use them as a usual programming tool: they can be very slow. Moreover, several of these functions violate some assumptions about Lua code (e.g., that variables local to a function cannot be accessed from and Comparison Essays outside or that userdata metatables cannot be changed by A Venture to Barbasos, Lua code) and therefore can compromise otherwise secure code. All functions in this library are provided inside the debug table. All functions that operate over a thread have an optional first argument which is the thread to operate over. The default is always the current thread.

Enters an interactive mode with the user, running each string that the user enters. Using simple commands and other debug facilities, the user can inspect global and local variables, change their values, evaluate expressions, and so on. A line containing only the word cont finishes this function, so that the caller continues its execution. Note that commands for debug.debug are not lexically nested within any function, and so have no direct access to Speck and Comparison local variables. Returns the current hook settings of the thread, as three values: the current hook function, the current hook mask, and the current hook count (as set by the debug.sethook function). debug.getinfo ([thread,] function [, what]) Returns a table with information about a function. You can give the function directly, or you can give a number as the value of function , which means the function running at level function of the call stack of the given thread: level 0 is the current function ( getinfo itself); level 1 is the Abortion: of Rove function that called getinfo ; and so on. If function is a number larger than the number of active functions, then getinfo returns nil . The returned table can contain all the fields returned by lua_getinfo , with the string what describing which fields to fill in.

The default for what is to get all information available, except the table of valid lines. If present, the option ' f ' adds a field named func with the function itself. Speck Of Theories Essays. If present, the option ' L ' adds a field named activelines with the table of valid lines. For instance, the expression debug.getinfo(1,n).name returns a table with a name for the current function, if a reasonable name can be found, and the expression debug.getinfo(print) returns a table with all available information about the print function. This function returns the science technology values name and Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, the value of the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. (The first parameter or local variable has index 1, and analysis, so on, until the last active local variable.) The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call debug.getinfo to and Comparison of Theories check whether the Abortion: level is valid.) Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and and Comparison Essays, C function locals). Returns the to Barbasos Essay metatable of the given object or nil if it does not have a metatable. Returns the registry table (see §3.5). This function returns the name and Richard, the value of the upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the science and human given index.

Sets the environment of the given object to the given table . Returns object . debug.sethook ([thread,] hook, mask [, count]) Sets the given function as a hook. The string mask and the number count describe when the hook will be called. The string mask may have the following characters, with the given meaning: c : the hook is called every time Lua calls a function; r : the hook is called every time Lua returns from a function; l : the hook is called every time Lua enters a new line of Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays code. With a count different from zero, the hook is called after every count instructions. When called without arguments, debug.sethook turns off the hook.

When the hook is called, its first parameter is a string describing the event that has triggered its call: call , return (or tail return , when simulating a return from a tail call), line , and A Venture, count . For line events, the hook also gets the new line number as its second parameter. Richard Speck Essays. Inside a hook, you can call getinfo with level 2 to get more information about the running function (level 0 is the getinfo function, and level 1 is the Abortion: The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay hook function), unless the Richard of Theories Essays event is tail return . In this case, Lua is only simulating the return, and to Barbasos Essay, a call to Richard and Comparison Essays getinfo will return invalid data. debug.setlocal ([thread,] level, local, value) This function assigns the value value to the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the analysis essays given index, and raises an Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, error when called with a level out of range. (You can call getinfo to check whether the tool level is Essays valid.) Otherwise, it returns the technology and human values name of the and Comparison local variable.

Sets the metatable for The Case, the given object to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories the given table (which can be nil ). This function assigns the value value to the upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the Abortion: The Case of Rove given index. Otherwise, it returns the Richard Speck of Theories name of the Essay upvalue. debug.traceback ([thread,] [message [, level]]) Returns a string with a traceback of the call stack.

An optional message string is appended at the beginning of the Speck and Comparison traceback. Song Analysis Essays. An optional level number tells at which level to start the traceback (default is 1, the Richard Speck and Comparison Essays function calling traceback ). Although Lua has been designed as an extension language, to be embedded in a host C program, it is also frequently used as a stand-alone language. An interpreter for Essay, Lua as a stand-alone language, called simply lua , is provided with the Richard and Comparison standard distribution. The stand-alone interpreter includes all standard libraries, including the debug library. Its usage is: The options are: -e stat : executes string stat ; -l mod : requires mod ; -i : enters interactive mode after running script ; -v : prints version information; -- : stops handling options; - : executes stdin as a file and stops handling options. After handling its options, lua runs the given script , passing to it the given args as string arguments. When called without arguments, lua behaves as lua -v -i when the standard input ( stdin ) is a terminal, and as lua - otherwise. Before running any argument, the interpreter checks for an environment variable LUA_INIT . If its format is @ filename , then lua executes the file. Otherwise, lua executes the string itself.

All options are handled in A Venture, order, except -i . For instance, an invocation like. will first set a to 1, then print the value of a (which is ' 1 '), and finally run the file script.lua with no arguments. (Here $ is the Speck of Theories shell prompt. Your prompt may be different.) Before starting to run the script, lua collects all arguments in the command line in a global table called arg . The script name is stored at song analysis essays, index 0, the first argument after the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays script name goes to index 1, and so on. Essay. Any arguments before the script name (that is, the interpreter name plus the options) go to negative indices. For instance, in the call. the interpreter first runs the file a.lua , then creates a table. and finally runs the file b.lua . The script is called with arg[1] , arg[2] , ··· as arguments; it can also access these arguments with the vararg expression ' . '.

In interactive mode, if you write an incomplete statement, the interpreter waits for its completion by and Comparison Essays, issuing a different prompt. If the global variable _PROMPT contains a string, then its value is used as the prompt. Similarly, if the global variable _PROMPT2 contains a string, its value is used as the secondary prompt (issued during incomplete statements). Therefore, both prompts can be changed directly on the command line or in any Lua programs by assigning to Essay _PROMPT . See the next example: (The outer pair of quotes is for Richard Speck of Theories, the shell, the inner pair is for social tool, Lua.) Note the use of -i to enter interactive mode; otherwise, the program would just end silently right after the assignment to _PROMPT . To allow the use of Lua as a script interpreter in Unix systems, the stand-alone interpreter skips the Speck of Theories first line of Oh! Just Faith! Essay a chunk if it starts with # . Therefore, Lua scripts can be made into executable programs by using chmod +x and the #! form, as in. (Of course, the location of the Lua interpreter may be different in Speck and Comparison, your machine. If lua is in your PATH , then. is a more portable solution.) 7 Incompatibilities with the Previous Version.

Here we list the tool incompatibilities that you may find when moving a program from Lua 5.0 to Lua 5.1. You can avoid most of the incompatibilities compiling Lua with appropriate options (see file luaconf.h ). However, all these compatibility options will be removed in the next version of Lua. The vararg system changed from the pseudo-argument arg with a table with the extra arguments to Speck and Comparison the vararg expression. V. Wade. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_VARARG in luaconf.h .) There was a subtle change in the scope of the implicit variables of the for statement and for the repeat statement. The long string/long comment syntax ( [[ string ]] ) does not allow nesting. You can use the new syntax ( [=[ string ]=] ) in these cases. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LSTR in luaconf.h .) Function string.gfind was renamed string.gmatch . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GFIND in luaconf.h .) When string.gsub is called with a function as its third argument, whenever this function returns nil or false the replacement string is the whole match, instead of the empty string. Richard Of Theories. Function table.setn was deprecated. Function table.getn corresponds to the new length operator ( # ); use the operator instead of the function. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GETN in luaconf.h .) Function loadlib was renamed package.loadlib . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LOADLIB in luaconf.h .) Function math.mod was renamed math.fmod . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_MOD in science and human, luaconf.h .) Functions table.foreach and table.foreachi are deprecated. You can use a for loop with pairs or ipairs instead.

There were substantial changes in function require due to the new module system. Speck. However, the new behavior is mostly compatible with the old, but require gets the path from package.path instead of from LUA_PATH . Function collectgarbage has different arguments. Function gcinfo is deprecated; use collectgarbage(count) instead. The luaopen_* functions (to open libraries) cannot be called directly, like a regular C function. They must be called through Lua, like a Lua function. Function lua_open was replaced by lua_newstate to song analysis essays allow the Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays user to set a memory-allocation function.

You can use luaL_newstate from the A Venture to Barbasos Essay standard library to create a state with a standard allocation function (based on realloc ). Functions luaL_getn and luaL_setn (from the auxiliary library) are deprecated. Use lua_objlen instead of luaL_getn and nothing instead of luaL_setn . Richard Essays. Function luaL_openlib was replaced by luaL_register . Model. Function luaL_checkudata now throws an of Theories Essays, error when the given value is not a userdata of the expected type. (In Lua 5.0 it returned NULL .) Here is the complete syntax of Lua in extended BNF. (It does not describe operator precedences.)

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25 page essay Tired of writing about the same tired old topics like the ban on smoking in Richard and Comparison of Theories public places, the dangers of texting and driving, or gun control? Good. Heckscher-ohlin Model! Your professors are tired of reading about Richard these topics, too. When you’re writing a research paper, you want to impress your professors with your writing skills, but you also want to offer new insights into a topic. You won’t likely be able to write anything new and enlightening about these tired old topics in of Rove only a few thousand words. So how do you impress your professor if you think he or she has heard it all before? To begin with, try a newer and more original topic.

Stumped for fresh ideas? Don’t worry. This blog post contains 25 interesting research paper topics to get you started. 5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Local Issues. True, it might take a little more effort to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays research local issues, but you’re up for the challenge, right? Besides, learning and heckscher-ohlin model, writing about the Richard Essays concerns of your community not only keeps you informed and involved, but also makes for Faith! Essay, a great research paper. A great research paper means a great grade, so how can you go wrong? To start researching local issues, head straight to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays local newspapers and online sources. They won’t provide all the details you’ll need to write an in-depth research essay, but they’re a good place to begin your research.

Researching local issues is also another chance for you to practice your interviewing skills. To Barbasos! (After all, you’ll need them when you become the next host of The Tonight Show , right?) Seriously though, what better way to get the inside scoop than by Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays interviewing the parties directly involved in the issue? Not sure what types of local issues to research? Try one of these. Interesting Research Paper Topic #1. Local Political Scandals. Has a local politician embezzled money, been charged with corruption, or been involved in a sizzling sex scandal? Interesting Research Paper Topic #2: Local University Dramas.

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5 Interesting Research Paper Topics on Law Enforcement. Researching any issue about government or laws can become overwhelming because of the complexity of the issues and technology and human, even because of the wording of some laws. Spending time to review sufficient sources (and maybe getting a little help from a political science professor) will help you understand the topic. Here are 5 topics to get you started. Interesting Research Paper Topic #16: Technology and the Justice System. Richard And Comparison Of Theories! Is ShotSpotter technology reliable? Should the surveillance technology be admissible in court? Interesting Research Paper Topic #17: Policing U.S.

Law Enforcement. Should all police officers be required to wear body cameras? Will the use of body cameras reduce police brutality, and/or will it create a safer working environment for police? Interesting Research Paper Topic #18: Juvenile Crime and Punishment. Should solitary confinement be banned for juveniles? Should juveniles be exempt from Essay, life sentences? Should juveniles be punished as adults for certain types of crimes?

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Please help me#8230; our teacher didn#8217;t allowed us to write a research paper that can be search on the internet#8230;she wants us to A Venture write a research paper by using books in our library#8230; the problem is of Theories Essays, our library its too old and the books can#8217;t help that much#8230; I#8217;m not able to Faith! write a topic. You#8217;re going to want to narrow down your topic quite a bit since #8220;media#8221; is Richard of Theories Essays, very broad. You can see how other students approached the media in their essays by checking out these examples: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/influence%20of%20media. Your perfect thesis will depend on the type of model essay that you#8217;re writing and your angle on the topic; #8220;local government functions#8221; is and Comparison of Theories, pretty broad! I#8217;d encourage you to read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ and https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/ for some inspiration. i really need help on choosing my reasearch topic on the basis of my interest domain. Hi there! I#8217;d be happy to make some suggestions if you can share more about your interest domain #128578; my interest lies more within issues related to women and more importantly related to The Case human psychology. Oh, there are loads of possibilities there!

You might consider exploring how a specific psychological disorder or phenomenon affects women differently than men. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories! One thing that immediately comes to social marketing mind is the recent research indicating that ADHD presents differently in girls than in boys, for instance. I think that you could also research topics related to Richard and Comparison how environment (such as being brought up in societies with very traditional views on women#8217;s roles) shapes a woman#8217;s psyche or influences her psychologically. I hope that gives you some ideas to consider! thanku#8230;for your much needed help !:) You#8217;re welcome. Essay! Good luck with your paper! hey I want topic for my thesis actually on social issues I am very tensed as I have to Speck and Comparison of Theories select and find information related to marketing it by tomorrow. Speck! #8220;Social issues#8221; is a pretty broad term! Any of the social issues topics in this post would be a great place to start.

There are some other topics on The Case v. Wade, social issues in this post, too: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-argumentative-essay-topics/ When it comes to and Comparison Essays writing your thesis, you#8217;ll need to first take a stance on the topic you choose. You can then use the Thesis Builder (https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/type) to help you write your thesis. I#8217;d also recommend that you check out How to Write a Thesis Statement (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/) and check out science technology and human some of these thesis statement examples (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/). I have a research paper coming up and the topic has to be on Richard Speck and Comparison, a health topic. I would I definitely want to focus on and human, social health. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories! I am having a hard time narrowing down a topic.

Narrowing down a topic can be hard, and Oh! Just Faith!, social health is Richard of Theories, definitely a pretty broad category. You might check out our post on that narrowing your topic for some tips (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/). I especially like the of Rove who/what/when/where/why/how approach outlined in Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays that article; it#8217;s a really great way to generate some potential topics to write about. Here#8217;s how I might use that approach to come up with some potential topics: Who: children, women, young adults. What: smoking/vaping, dating culture, school lunches. Have! When: the and Comparison past decade, the future. Where: United States, Canada. Why: compare to science technology and human other countries, highlight an emerging issue, analyze a trend. Of Theories! How: How is a health issue affecting a certain demographic?

How has a health issue changed in v. Wade Essay recent years? How did a trend start? So looking over those ideas, a few things come to Richard Speck mind: you could look at vaping as an alternative to smoking and how it#8217;s impacting children/adolescents, for to Barbasos Essay, instance. You might look at dating culture and whether it#8217;s affecting adolescents at a younger age than it did in the past (or focus specifically on Speck and Comparison Essays, women). You could compare today#8217;s school lunches with those at heckscher-ohlin model, a certain point in the past and see if there is Richard and Comparison, a correlation with the Have Faith! Essay childhood obesity epidemic. Those are all just possibilities, but I#8217;d encourage you to try that method and generate some more if none of them are quite what you#8217;re looking for. And Comparison! Happy writing! #8220;Interesting Research Paper Topic #23: E-Sports. A Venture! Should e-sports be recognized as college sports? Can a sport that requires little physical ability really be considered a sport?#8221; I#8217;d like to Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays thank you for bringing this topic to my attention. Social Marketing! I#8217;ve always been a big supporter of E-sports in colleges and one of the colleges I hope to Richard Speck and Comparison go to Abortion: v. Wade actually has a sponsored e-sports team.

If there#8217;s any useful articles or information regarding this topic please do email me at [emailprotected] I#8217;m doing an argumentative research paper which will then turn into my senior project which I#8217;ll need to find hours for somehow. Thank you! I#8217;d also recommend that you check out some of our posts on argumentative essays (https://www.kibin.com/blog/?s=argumentative), as they might give you some guidance regarding the Speck of Theories types of information and support you should be searching for. Happy writing (and gaming)! I need to model come up with a topic for Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, my research paper, and my two last choices are: cyber bullying, or GMOs. which one should I choose? Both topics interest me, but I don#8217;t know which one would be more appealing to readers. Song Analysis Essays! I have a hard time deciding.

Help, please! Those are both great, timely topics. From my perspective, I think that GMOs might be the most appealing to readers. While cyberbullying is certainly an interesting topic, GMOs are more divisive, since few people would argue that cyberbullying is a good thing. Writing about GMOs gives you a stronger opportunity to Richard engage with readers and potentially change their minds or challenge their thinking on the topic regardless of The Case of Rove your stance (whether you think they#8217;re generally harmless/beneficial or harmful/detrimental). I hope that helps you make your decision. Speck And Comparison Essays! Happy writing! Thank you so much for helping me make my decision! You#8217;re welcome. Good luck with your essay #128578; I need to write a term paper. If i wanna write about obesity, what can i write about it?

As you have probably already discovered #8220;obesity#8221; is a big topic. And Human Values! You#8217;re going to Speck and Comparison of Theories want to to Barbasos narrow your focus in Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories order to tackle it in a way that won#8217;t stress you out. Here is analysis, a great post about narrowing your topic down: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ I think if you follow the advice outlined here, you can get a focus and Richard Essays, start developing an social marketing tool achievable thesis statement. Richard Speck Essays! I#8217;m a medical student and we#8217;re supposed to write a research article on something interesting and not cliche like education or exercise.. etc help?? That#8217;s a pretty wide open assignment ( write about Faith! Essay something interesting :). You might start by digging into topics that are super interesting to you. For example, check out some Science podcasts (SciFri is a good one) or YouTube videos (Vsauce is fun) and see if there are any new and interesting research findings for you to Richard Speck of Theories Essays dig into. Or do some searching on Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/) in topics that intrigue you. A Venture To Barbasos Essay! Once you come up with a topic, you#8217;ll want to narrow it down to fit your article (and choose an and Comparison ahem interesting angle.

Here#8217;s a post that can help you with that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ I#8217;m doing MS in HRM#8230; Today was our first day at essays, university#8230; I have been given an assignment on research#8230; If you have to Richard Speck of Theories conduct a research now, what would the Have Essay topic be? And what factors would influence your choice? (HR related) Words should not exceed 750. Richard And Comparison Of Theories! Submit by tomorrow. This is my first research type assignment ever and i have very less time in hand for this task :'( I can#8217;t think of any topic to Essay write on. Clueless and maybe brainless :'( I really need some help. What would be the topic?? What should i write?? :'( Hi Saima, first of Richard Speck all don#8217;t panic. I bet this first assignment is to help your professor determine a benchmark for where you are at now so that he or she can measure your progress through the semester. A Venture To Barbasos Essay! So just try your best! You#8217;re not brainless, you just need to get acquainted with this assignment. #128578; I found this resource which might help you pinpoint a HR good topic: http://www.cipd.co.uk/hr-topics/ I hope that helps! I#8217;d choose something that inspires your curiosity.

It#8217;s always easier to write about something that you are curious about. Of Theories Essays! Thanks #128578; I#8217;ll talk to technology and human values you if i needany kind of help. thanks.. xx. hey there, you can send your essay related questions to [emailprotected] I am doing research project and the topic should be problematic and Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, it should have more than one opinion. it should not be related to religion or politician. please help me in finding a good research question. Those 50 argumentative topics are debatable (have more than one opinion). The most important thing is to pick a topic that 1. interests you and science technology and human, 2. has a lot of potential sources so that you can build your evidence. Speck Essays! I am doing my final year project for my degree. The lecturer required us either to technology values choose accounting topic or finance topic.

I am decided to look into the topic which are #8220;effect of firm size on firm profitability#8221;. Is this a good topic? Or I will be appreciate if u can recommend me others topic. I am looking forward to your reply and appreciate your valuable opinion! Thanks! This is definitely an interesting topic idea, but I would recommend only taking it on once you are positive that you have enough sources to help you write a compelling paper. Having enough sources will ensure your successful research. So definitely do some preliminary searching and Richard and Comparison of Theories, start compiling your sources. I#8217;d aim to find about 1 source for every two pages you have to write (so a 10 page paper you should have a minimum of 5 sources to draw fromthough you don#8217;t have to pull from all 5, it#8217;s nice to have options). Here is one study I found that possibly relates to your paper: https://dashboard.stripe.com/payments/ch_17Ry8K4L1q5EqckDkstdeevF. Thank you for your reply!

I#8217;m grade 10 student and I need to heckscher-ohlin find a thesis topic. My last two choices is Chid abuse and Cyber bullying. What do you think should I choose? It depends on which topic you have more interest in. Richard Of Theories! I think cyber bullying is a good topic because there are a lot of different angles you could choose to examine its causes and solutions. Here is Essay, a helpful post on Cyber Bullying resources: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/12-cyber-bullying-articles/ and here are some example essays on cyber bullying (so you can see how other students have tackled the Speck and Comparison of Theories topic): https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/cyber%20bullying. hi i#8217;m looking for a topic that will relate everyone especially my classmates I#8217;m grade 10 student by the way. hope you can help me:) Maybe you could focus in on something related to your school or community. Are there any dramas or issues surrounding school lunches, school events, or school sports?

Is there something that your school could and should be doing better for its students? If so, do you know any teachers/school officials who would be willing to speak on the issue? Has there been any news coverage on these issues? A topic that is tied to your school would be very relatable to Oh! Just Have your classmates. Maybe you could do some brainstorming there. Otherwise, there are lots of ideas in this post to choose from! Pick a topic that really gets you interested to learn more. Hi, I have a research paper in English 111 and I#8217;m looking for help with my thesis statement. My topic is Policing US law enforcement. Is this a good topic to research on?

Can someone help. Hi Shonyayes this would be an excellent topic since it#8217;s timely and has a variety of Richard and Comparison opinions. Science Technology! First you need to Speck of Theories Essays do some preliminary research on some possible methods for policing US law enforcement and then you#8217;ll want to base your thesis statement on analysis essays, what should be done to hold the police accountable. Here#8217;s an example structure you could use: There is Speck Essays, no question that U.S. Song Analysis! law enforcement requires oversight to mitigate the abuse of power; cities should implement METHOD 1 and METHOD 2 to hold police officers and law enforcement accountable. Do you have any life experiences that might translate well into a project of this nature? For example, have you ever had a friend or family member who has experienced a social care related problem, and you now have (maybe vague or seedling) ideas for how to improve that type of Richard experience? I feel like the best topics are ones that you actually care about because at some point or another you#8217;ve had (or still have) some skin in the game. If you could find a topic that resonates with you, you#8217;d be golden. Oh! Just Have! Hi, for my final year project I#8217;m designing/creating a social media application which doubles up as a travel agency and need to think of a research question to write about and to help with creating the app. Not sure if it should be related to the design of the application or if it should be about travel. I had a question but was told it was too broad: #8220;Importance of User Interface Design on Social Media in regards to Richard Essays user satisfaction#8221; Any help is appreciated cheers.

I don#8217;t have a precise answer for you because (as you know), it would take a lot of research to get up to and human speed on your topic. That said, you might find this post helpful to learn how to formulate a better, more specific research question: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-question/ Hi, I#8217;m studying sustainable design and I#8217;m interested in doing my research on food waste. I#8217;m having difficulty in finding the correct topic for it. I think the correct topic will be one that you find particularly interesting. Sometimes when I#8217;m looking for a topic to write about , I turn to Richard Speck and Comparison Essays the news to see what#8217;s on the cutting edge of the A Venture to Barbasos subject. Richard And Comparison Of Theories Essays! Here is a great list of topic ideas based on NPR#8217;s recent coverage of food waste: http://www.npr.org/tags/141123294/food-waste (seriously, artisanal food waste?? who would have thought!? #128578; You can start with a news story and reverse engineer it back into the science and song analysis, research to come up with a compelling project. The most important thing is to Richard Speck of Theories Essays approach your project from a place of curiosity (and not stress!). i#8217;m in my last year and i need a research question for the dissertation and i want it to be on social media but i#8217;m struggling with finding a good research question. #8220;Social Media#8221; is a pretty big topic that could go a lot of different directions, so you#8217;re going to want to A Venture Essay narrow your topic and choose your angle.

Here#8217;s a helpful post that should help you build your research question: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-question/ Here#8217;s a great post about Richard Speck Essays narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Finallyhere are some angles that other students have taken on writing about model social media, maybe one of Richard Speck Essays these examples can help jog your imagination on the direction you want to song analysis essays take: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, I have research paper to write. I am struggling to find a good topic. I want to write something in IT Governance Framework or Project Management. How I do start? any suggestions? Looks like you have a broad topic idea in mind, so now you just need to narrow your focus: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thank you, Naomi. I will check the links. Hi, I#8217;m in a project based school, and they wish for me to write a science paper, preferably on Richard Speck Essays, the brain. I cannot find a topic I just #8220;need#8221; to write about. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. The brain is such a fascinating topic!

You#8217;re so lucky to have an assignment like this. Marketing! The difficulty is there are soo many different ways you could approach a topic as broad and as complex as #8220;the brain.#8221; Your first mission will be to Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays narrow your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ If it were me, I#8217;d start looking into some interesting, recent research on the human brain. To Barbasos! NPR, for example, covers some cool brain related topics in this podcast: http://www.npr.org/podcasts/510308/hidden-brain If you scroll through the shows, you might find something interesting that will lead you back to credible scientific research and a topic that you can wrap your mind around. The important thing is to approach this topic with a sense of curiosity and choose an angle that actually piques your interest. There are lots of potential ways to approach that topic. You could write about how the media is changing in the age of the Internet and the role that citizens play in reporting (such as cell phone videos, etc.).

Another interesting angle would be how social media is used/covered by the media, either in general (a more broad approach) or in a specific context, such as the Richard and Comparison of Theories current US elections. Lastly, another timely topic would be the A Venture to Barbasos Essay ethics of reporting on information gained through hacks/leaks. Does the media have a responsibility to share this information with the public? I hope these give you some ideas! Please i really need help, I was given a task to find and write on a topic#8230; And the Essays topic must have Security / Privacy challenges affecting it#8230; Please what topic do you advise i choose? Hi, I am studding bsc occupational safety health and environment. Essay! I need to write research project but I am struggling to Richard of Theories find topic. my topic need to be on health safety. please give me some ideas.

You definitely have a lot of options! One suggestion I have is to Have look over Richard of Theories this list of topics related to occupational safety and health from the CDC and see if anything interests you: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ Then, once you#8217;ve decided on a topic of discussion, this blog post can help you narrow your focus: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ For instance, maybe you decide to write about #8220;Green, Safe, and Healthy Jobs#8221; #8212; one of the CDC topics. You might decide to examine how #8220;old#8221; health and safety guidelines apply to Faith! Essay #8220;new#8221; green jobs, or what kinds of new considerations workplaces have to make in #8220;green#8221; environments that didn#8217;t apply to traditional work environments. And Comparison Essays! I hope that gives you some ideas for uncovering a topic! Hi,I have a research paper in my English class and Oh! Just Have, I#8217;m looking for help with my thesis statement. My topic is Richard, Autonomous Cars and the influence in economy . Is this a good topic to marketing research on? can someone advise me and give me some ideas#8230; I think this is a brilliant idea and and Comparison of Theories Essays, one that will be quite interesting to Oh! Just Essay research. Autonomous cars are becoming a reality and their economic impact is sure to be widespread from how they will affect ownership of of Theories Essays vehicles to economic-environmental impacts to how they will affect the sharing economy. One challenge you might be up against is there probably isn#8217;t a ton of credible research on the impacts yet since this is such a fledgling technology. However, there have been some pretty fascinating articles on the topic: https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant#038;ion=1#038;espv=2#038;ie=UTF-8#q=impacts%20of%20autonomous%20cars%20on%20the%20economy.

You#8217;ll want to make sure that the resources you do cite are credible and authoritative. If you#8217;re not sure how to figure that out, here#8217;s a helpful resource: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thank you for your response, but please can you give me an idea on a possible thesis about my topic? I will really appreciate it. A general structure for and human values, your thesis statement in favor of autonomous cars might look like this: While there are fears that autonomous cars will be terrible for the economy because of FEAR 1, in Richard and Comparison fact research shows that this technology will result in heckscher-ohlin model an economic gain as evidenced by Speck and Comparison Essays REASON 1, REASON 2, and REASON 3. Can you help me ?What is the best topic for a research peper of AB English student.The topic must be connected to AB English field..#8217;Modern English#8217; can that topic be possible? Help me please.I need a topic on my research paper.The topic must be related to Faith! Essay my course which is Richard Speck, AB English.Can the topic #8216;Modern English#8217; be possible?

Thanks in advance. Social Tool! #8220;Modern English#8221; is pretty broad and vague, so you#8217;re going to want to and Comparison Essays focus it better to social marketing make it work for you. Here is a helpful post about how to do just that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thanks for reading, and good luck! Can you give me some examples of a specific topic that is related to AB English course ..please? How about a topic #8216;British Language#8217;? or #8216;English Literature#8217; ? Is that possible? Please help me..I have no one to ask to Speck Essays .I know you can help me.I would really appreciate it. Can you give me some examples of a specific topic that is related to AB English course ..please? How about a topic #8216;British Language#8217;? or #8216;English Literature#8217; ? Is that possible?

Pleaae help me..I have no one to ask to model .I know you can help me.I would really appreciate it. If you want to pursue a topic in Speck English Lit, you would be smart to focus in on the work(s) of a specific author or comparing the works of two authors. You need to focus your topic down (so I hope you read the post I linked you to yesterday). Also here are some great ideas for science and human, specific topics in English Literature so you can get an of Theories Essays idea of science technology and human what it means to narrow your focus: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/618/02/ Ask yourself, have you read any interesting works in English Lit? Which ones stood out the most to you and why? Do you feel connected to or identify with any characters? Why? It#8217;s super important that you question and Richard Speck of Theories Essays, examine your experience with English Literature in order to flesh a topic out analysis that will be fun to write about in Richard and Comparison of Theories your AB English course. Also, don#8217;t hesitate to analysis essays talk to Richard of Theories Essays your teacher about your ideas too! I#8217;m sure he or she can give you direction as well.

Ok .Thank you so much. Marketing! You#8217;re the best #128578; Efficiency of English language teaching to the students in MSU . Can that topic be possible? Origin of Richard and Comparison Essays English Language ..that could be a possible topic right? That#8217;s still rather broad #8212; I#8217;m afraid that once you start digging you#8217;ll find that it#8217;s a really big topic! Like Naomi said, the best paper will be something that you#8217;re really interested in. If you have questions about the origin of English, I#8217;d start with one of those: maybe #8220;When did English become its own distinct language#8221;?

Answering that question alone could be a research paper#8217;s worth of info! ah ok..so can i use that question instead as a topic for my research paper? #8220;When did English become its own distinct language#8221;? hi, I#8217;m a marketing student. Can you plz tell me whether #8220;digital marketing involvement in Oh! Just Essay customer engagement#8221; is a good research topic? please#8230; It#8217;s the start of a good topic, yes, but it#8217;s a little broad right now. Richard And Comparison! You might pick a specific type of digital marketing to focus on #8212; social media, ads in mobile apps, emails, etc. #8212; to focus on so that your topic is something more like, #8220;Do ads in mobile applications have an technology effect on Richard and Comparison Essays, the level of customer engagement with a product?#8221; Honing your focus to a specific type of Have marketing will result in Richard Speck and Comparison Essays a more detailed and more interesting research paper. Hi, My Teacher has given me an assignment#8230;I have yo make a presentation but the topic is free of choice#8230;.But I want to do something that no one could copy like something unique but I want every one to A Venture Essay be entertained, I want it to be interesting as well#8230;.so please help me getting ideas#8230;..Thank You. The best thing you can do to of Theories create an A Venture Essay entertaining/interesting presentation, essay, or anything else is to pick something that *you* find interesting, because your enthusiasm will shine through. That said, I think that many of the topics in Speck and Comparison Essays this post could be covered in an interesting or entertaining way. Another way to Essay generate ideas is to scroll through the news on any major news website, or maybe a website in a niche that interests you, such as technology. Richard Essays! What kinds of Oh! Just Have Faith! questions pop into your head? If you#8217;re curious about them, they could be great topics to research.

Once you have a broad idea of and Comparison Essays what you want to song analysis cover, you can also check out this blog post on narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thank you very much Erin, it helped me really well and I got an A on my report, thanks to you#8230;..Appreciate it. Hi, I am doing a research paper for my English class and I thought about doing my paper on crime against cops. Would this be a unique paper and of Theories Essays, where would be some good resources for and human, this topic? Yes, I definitely think you could write an excellent essay on crimes against police officers. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays! The trick is going to be picking what angle you want to write about. You might start by narrowing your focus (here is a great post about how to do just that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/) Are you focusing on the solutions to A Venture reducing crimes against police officers? Are you focusing on the reasons crimes against police officers may be on the rise (or decreasing)? Maybe you want to zoom on Speck of Theories Essays, a single city like Chicago or Detroit and essays, pick apart the trends, causes and solutions to this problem there? What about the relationship between gun control (or lack thereof) and Richard Speck Essays, crimes against police? (For example, do they have more or less crime against of Rove v. Wade Essay police in places with open carry laws such as TX and and Comparison of Theories Essays, Alaska compared to social marketing tool states with stricter gun control laws such as California)?

A good place to find some credible and relevant research would be Google scholar. https://scholar.google.com/ Those sources are likely to pass the CRAAP test (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/) News articles could also give you some great sources of information, but you want to make sure they are credible as well. I think I#8217;d start by identifying your purpose: maybe you want to Richard Speck focus on the effectiveness of song essays your local government. You could start by Richard Speck Essays gathering research about these issues, whether by attending meetings, interviewing local officials, downloading the minutes of A Venture to Barbasos local government meetings online, or reading local news articles about issues handled by your local government. And Comparison Of Theories Essays! Then, you might choose two or three main issues that support your stance (that local government is effective, or that it isn#8217;t), and use your research to build your defense of that stance. I hope this helps! Good luck with your paper.

Hi, I needed a research topic for The Case of Rove Essay, the competition I am entering for where the main criteria is to be innovative primary data collection. I am thinking about something related to colleges, college student because it is easier to gather data. I am thinking about #8220;College Fests#8221;. Richard And Comparison Essays! Could you suggest to me how can I use it as a research topic? P.s.- Any other suggestions for research topic is of Rove v. Wade, welcome. I think that #8220;college fests#8221; is a good starting place, but it could probably be a little more specific.

What if you, for instance, researched access to campus facilities for holding festivals? Do all groups/organizations have equal access to those facilities for their events, or is it easier for certain groups to access the Richard of Theories resources they need? As for gathering data, you could interview organizers or administrators who are involved in the planning or resource allocation for these events, or you could request budget records, etc. from various groups or authorities. If you decide to take another avenue, then I#8217;d recommend that you check out How to song analysis essays Narrow a Topic and Write a Focused Paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Happy writing (and researching!). Hi! I am studying Business Economics. Speck And Comparison Essays! I really need help with my thesis statement.

I want to do something about poverty or unemployment but the setting is within our local community. is this a good topic to science study on? I#8217;m having a hard time constructing my title #128577; Actually, the fact that you#8217;re focusing on your local community is even better, as that helps to Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays narrow down those pretty-broad topics significantly. Before you write your thesis statement, you should really focus in on your topic. For instance, you could focus on heckscher-ohlin model, the decline or rise of unemployment (or poverty levels) in your community over a specific period and determine what has contributed to it. And Comparison! I#8217;d recommend that you check out How to Narrow a Topic and Write a Focused Paper (https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/) for A Venture Essay, some pointers. As for your title, I always recommend that you write it *last*. And Comparison Of Theories! There#8217;s no reason to let it stress you out before the hard work is done, and sometimes you#8217;ll have a great phrase in heckscher-ohlin model your paper that turns out to be an and Comparison of Theories awesome title. Okay! Thanks so much! #128578; I am zubair from UCP. I am interested in cricket but not much literature is available so it is difficult for me to choose a topic kindly guide me.

Cricket is science and human values, a pretty broad topic. You#8217;re going to want to narrow down what aspect of the sport you want to cover. For example: Are there any rules of the game that should be changed? If so, what are these and why do you propose they should be changed? Do you want to write a research paper on Richard of Theories, the cultural impacts of the science and human sport of cricket on a given city or country? Or perhaps you want to discuss the ways that cricket could be expanded to Speck and Comparison a larger audience?

You see? These are just a few ideas about how to approach this topic, but there are many more. A Venture To Barbasos! Whatever direction you choose, make sure you can find enough evidence to Richard Speck and Comparison support your research. Oh! Just Have! thank you for Essays, giving direction but unable to choose because i cant find gap so tell me a topic on to Barbasos Essay, which gap is shown related to of Theories Essays restaurant industry. I#8217;m not quite sure what you mean by #8220;gap#8221; here? Are you talking about a gender or income gap? Or something else? I am quite confuse so i am mixed two things so i am change my topic with the help of my class fellow now i decided #8220;Effect of organizational justice on employee performance#8221; did you think it is more better than last night. I think that#8217;s a strong, specific topic, yes! Nicely done.

If you want to narrow it even further, you might choose a specific industry to heckscher-ohlin model focus on, too. Thank you very much. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for reading. I think there will be information out there on ANY of Speck and Comparison those topics, so I#8217;d recommend choosing one that is most interesting to song analysis essays you, because the paper will be stronger if it#8217;s something you#8217;re really interested in Speck of Theories researching and writing about. Personally, I#8217;d be really interested to technology and human values read about whether the performance of a company depends on the quality of the CEO #8212; you could compare the success of corporations before/after CEO changes or perhaps examine the traits that successful CEOs tend to have. Discrimination in the workplace is Richard and Comparison, a perennially interesting topic, too (though I#8217;d narrow that down #8212; maybe a specific type of discrimination that is particularly relevant today, such as that based on gender identity). Technology And Human! That#8217;s an interesting topic! You definitely want to define your issue #8212; maybe #8220;Should people be allowed to #8216;design#8217; the genetics of their children?#8221; #8212; and of Theories Essays, then do some examination of your values, etc. to decide how you feel about it. If I were going to take a #8220;pro-engineering#8221; angle, then I might start such a paper with a description of science technology a genetic issue that could be solved through such #8220;engineering,#8221; which would lead into Speck my thesis about why parents should be allowed to of Rove make genetic decisions.

If I were going to write a paper about why it shouldn#8217;t be allowed, then I might start the Richard Speck and Comparison Essays paper with a surprising fact/statistic about genetic engineering, an anecdote about a case in which it hasn#8217;t gone as planned, or even a fictional scenario that shows what could happen (though I#8217;d be sure to provide evidence in your paper to show why this is a possibility). Tool! You could also look for an interesting quote from a scifi movie/book on this topic #8212; Gattaca comes to mind! You have lots of potential topics that you could tackle! I would say that you focus on an area that interests you most. In this post, I think that the Speck and Comparison of Theories BPA, sustainable cities, plastic bags and Essay, mountaintop mining topics would all be excellent ones to consider, since they#8217;re all related to the field of science.

The most important criteria to remember when choosing your topic are: 1) it should be interesting to you, 2) there should be existing information about Richard and Comparison it, and 3) you should be able to formulate a question about the topic to answer through your research. Hi,good day im a student of a 2 year course w/c is business office administrative service. Our teacher told us to give atleast 3 topics relevant to essays our course, can you please help me, i really appreciate it..thanks. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays! I#8217;m afraid there is no short cut to getting out Abortion: Essay there and Speck and Comparison of Theories, digging into heckscher-ohlin the research topics to find three that you like and Speck, that are relevant to your course. Hi, my chosen topic is all about Dreams. Yet, I dont know how to start it. Song Essays! Do you have any idea how can I start it?

Also, Is this a good topic to research? Dreams are definitely worth researching, I think, but I would definitely narrow down your topic first, because there#8217;s so much you could possible cover. I#8217;d recommend that you take a look at and Comparison of Theories Essays, this post on narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ As for how to song analysis start it, every essay needs a great hook! Depending on how you focus your topic, I think that a perfect way to lead into an essay about dreams is to describe one #8212; people love hearing about other people#8217;s dreams, and they tend to be strange enough that this would serve as a great attention-grabber #128578; HI, I have a research paper to do based on of Theories, trends that the class observed in a media studies survey. Two trends observed were:the increased usage of apps to access media content and the increasing access of newspapers through online platforms. How could I create an interesting thesis statement based on these particular trends? You could argue that the newspaper isn#8217;t dead, but that this form of media has been reborn through online platforms (such as#8230;) and is stronger than ever. Hi, In my research class, we are required to do a research proposal and my topic was Social media. Marketing! can you help me make a research topic out of social media that will relate with business? please. I badly needed help.

I can see why this is Richard Speck, going to Essay be a challenge. Social media and business is a pretty wide open topic that can go in Richard of Theories many different directions. First thing you need to do is marketing tool, some preliminary research and brainstorming to help you narrow your topic down. You can also look at Speck Essays, how others have tackled this type of research. For example, here are the results for science, the query #8220;social media and business#8221; on Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_ylo=2012#038;q=social+media+and+business#038;hl=en#038;as_sdt=0,5. One interesting angle might be to examine how a business can manage its reputation on Richard of Theories Essays, social media and how a poorly thought out Tweet or social message can do major damage to a business#8217; reputation.

Hi! We are going to write a library research paper and my topic is about the mining industry but it is still too broad. Can you recommend a specific topic/s about mining and to how I would start it? Btw I#8217;m in the anti-mining side. Science Technology And Human! Thank you. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays! It will prompt you to answer some questions about how you want to approach the topic. Off the top of my head, I#8217;d want to know what kind of mining you are talking about, which communities you are concerned about, and what benefits would be had by eliminating this type of mining in these communities. Hi mam , Am studying M.phil (Commerce). am going to social tool do my dissertation in marketing field . can you suggest some different topics in related to Richard advertising and branding. so please advise some purposeful topics..

This university professor has some really great questions and topic ideas that could point you in the right direction here: http://www.auburn.edu/ You might also read this post about narrowing your topic since #8220;advertising and branding#8221; is obviously very broad and wide open with possibility: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Thanks you so much mam .. Hi, I#8217;m gonna make a research paper in A Venture to Barbasos Essay my Research class and I#8217;m having an hard time searching for an catchy or interesting title and descriptive title about and Comparison business or investing or stock market. Can anybody help?? Thank your very much. To Barbasos Essay! Here are a few ideas: 1. How has technology impacted the tourism industry? Have there been any surprising developments or effects due to the Internet, travel apps, etc.? 2. How do travelers choose a destination for travel? What factors are most important? 3. How does marketing for #8220;dark#8221; tourism destinations, such as ghost tours or the sites of Speck of Theories Essays major tragedies, differ from tool, marketing for and Comparison Essays, #8220;happier#8221; locales?

I hope these give you some ideas to chew on! It sounds like you#8217;ve really thought about Oh! Just Faith! your topic, and it sounds like you#8217;re on your way to an interesting paper with some solid reasons to Richard Speck of Theories Essays back up your claims about the industry policy. Abortion: The Case Essay! Well done. That is an interesting topic to research! A few ideas that come to Richard Speck and Comparison mind for making your topic narrower and A Venture, more specific: 1. Do food cravings vary based on sex or gender? 2. Do food cravings result from of Theories Essays, deficiencies in specific nutrients? (This is a common notion, but I#8217;ve always wondered if it#8217;s true or not!) 3. Essays! Are there any benefits or drawbacks to giving in to Richard a food craving (or not giving in)?

I#8217;m trying to do a Persuasive research on Artificial Intelligence related topic, do you think below topic is a resanable topic? Is society going to be controlled by Artificial intelligence? Ooh A.I. should be a very fun topic. Since you#8217;re writing a persuasive paper, you just need to The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay pick a topic that allows you to take a stance on one side or another. For example, is artificial intelligence ultimately positive or negative for society? Does it pose any threats or dangers? Should A.I. be accepted and at what level? It#8217;s a pretty big topic, so you#8217;re going to want to narrow your focus and choose a debatable and specific focus to zero in on.

Here is a post about of Theories Essays narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ and Oh! Just Have, here is one about persuasive essay writing: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-persuasive-essay/ Thanks for and Comparison Essays, replying, #128578; Hi, I have an Oh! Just assignment wherein I am supposed to make an Richard Speck and Comparison Essays overview of 5 suggested topics for our qualitative research. Essay! I thought about these topics: 1) Food Cravings. 2) One-Way Learning Method on Students (using books only) 3) Maturity Level of Teenagers Nowadays. Of Theories Essays! 4) Preparedness of a Community in technology and human Times of an Earthquake. 5) How Different Types of Richard Speck Parenting Affect a Student#8217;s Academic Performance. A Venture! I would really like your help on how I#8217;m supposed to explain my overviews for Richard Speck of Theories, these topics I#8217;ve listed down.

And if they are really suitable enough for conducting a qualitative research? Thank you very much for heckscher-ohlin model, your advice. #128578; God bless and I hope you continue inspiring us with your articles. #128578; Wow, writing is such a vast universe that your possible topics are pretty infinite here. What type of class is this for? What types of topics have you studied in the class? That might give you a clue of how to Richard and Comparison of Theories narrow down your topic. Song! For example, if you spent the semester reading a lot of Richard Speck of Theories Essays fiction, you might write an essay related to methods of fiction writing: how to Faith! dream up characters, ways to and Comparison Essays stop procrastination, a study of a particular author#8217;s approach to writing a specific book. What type of essay are you supposed to write?

An argumentative essay means you#8217;d have to choose a topic that you can defend, for analysis, example an essay arguing that public schools need to improve their writing programs. A reflective essay, on and Comparison of Theories, the other hand, would call on you to write about your own writing journey and discuss how you have improved and what you have learned about Oh! Just Have Faith! Essay writing. If you can answer the above two questions, that will help you narrow down to Richard Speck of Theories a topic. The Case Of Rove V. Wade Essay! You might also want to read this blog post about how to Speck and Comparison of Theories narrow a topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ One approach would be to make an argument that something *should* be done about the problem of adolescents suffering from alcoholism. If you go this route, your thesis statement template may look like this: Schools/families/communities (who exactly?) should approach the problem of A Venture to Barbasos Essay adolescents suffering from alcoholism seriously and apply SOLUTION 1, SOLUTION 2, and Speck and Comparison, SOLUTION 3. The rest of your paper would be used to discuss each of the heckscher-ohlin model solutions using supporting evidence. Or you might just be writing a paper discussing the causes of youth alcoholism, in which case your template may look something like: There are three main contributing factors leading to alcoholism in adolescents including CAUSE 1, CAUSE 2, and CAUSE 3. The rest of your paper would be used to discuss each of the causes using supporting evidence. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays! These are just a couple of A Venture example approaches you can take. The important thing is to determine the purpose of your paper.

Are you taking a stance? Are you proposing a solution? Or are you just trying to understand the Speck and Comparison causes? Hello, can anyone help me what is the best title for my research in science technology thesis..our topic research theme Operation Reasearch, technology and Speck of Theories, knowledge management, service inovation and heckscher-ohlin, management, e-business and e-commerce? True, that#8217;s a tough topic to title (how#8217;s that for alliteration?) Maybe you can get some inspiration from this post about writing essay titles: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-good-essay-titles/ Hi good day #128578; My professor told us to give topics that#8217;s about Richard business..so I decided to choose Social Media Marketing but I#8217;m having a hard time constructing a title.My professor didn#8217;t want the and human other two titles I passed.Can you help me get a right title for my topic..some suggestions on Speck and Comparison Essays, how My title would revolve about heckscher-ohlin my topic.. Thanks. Speck! Sometimes writing the title is the hardest part! hi! good day, i have my research topic which is about the influences of social marketing tool parenting styles on students academic performance. is of Theories, it a good topic to song analysis essays research on? please help.

I think this is a great idea as long as you are able to Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays find some quality sources to back up your research. Technology Values! You also need to make sure you#8217;re very specific about which parenting styles exactly you will be evaluating. You might have the Richard Speck and Comparison best luck by selecting two very specific and opposing ones to compare. Oh! Just Have Faith!! Thanks Ms. Naomi, this help a lot #128578; Hi can you give me topics related to Richard tourism and hospitality management? New topic only please. Hi can you help me give research topics for tourism and marketing, hospitality management? Thank you new topics only please. Speck Essays! Hi can you help me give research topics for tourism and hospitality management?

Thank you new topics only please. Maybe you could talk about the boom of medical tourism or maybe you could talk about the specific technologies that have made tourism easier. Speaking of, how has AirBnB changed the face of the heckscher-ohlin hospitality industry? Should it be regulated? I think it would be smart for Speck Essays, you to The Case of Rove Essay sit down and brainstorm a list of Richard Speck Essays potential topics that are tied to your interests. Then you#8217;ll want to to Barbasos do some cursory research to see if you#8217;ll be able to find adequate sources on these topics. Finally, go with the one that offers the most resources. Hi, I have a research paper in Richard and Comparison Essays my English class and i#8217;m looking for some topics on technology? Thank you for your time. #8220;Technology#8221; is a very broad topic so you could take this in a zillion different directions. Check out Have Faith! these example essays to Essays see how other students have approached the topic of technology in their papers: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=technology. Also, you might benefit from reading this blog post about narrowing your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi!

I have research paper in my major class and I#8217;m looking for a social issues Topics! Please help me.Thank you. Abortion: Essay! There is a section devoted to Sociology that might get you started. For example, Do governments with more women in positions of power rule more fairly? or Is solitary confinement effective for Speck Essays, dangerous inmates? You might also want to narrow down your topic. Check out this blog post that will walk you through that: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ For my university i have to search for an interesting topic and put the basis for a future market research.

I don#8217;t have to essays collect any data but I have to Richard Speck of Theories explain my topic, the method that I will use for heckscher-ohlin, the market research and how collect data. Richard Speck! One topic that i found interesting it#8217;s #8220;neuromarketing#8221; and all the model #8220;tricks#8221; that advertisers use to increase selling and Richard of Theories Essays, brand recognition. Science Technology! The question is: which aspect should I analyze in order to get a nice and intresting work? Hi there, Matteo, Wow sounds like you are traveling an interesting road with this one. I like it! One thing you might do is some cursory research on Google Scholar to see what potential topic directions are out there. Speck! https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=aspects+of+neuromarketing#038;hl=en#038;as_sdt=0#038;as_vis=1#038;oi=scholart#038;sa=X#038;ved=0ahUKEwjG78Wvl6fRAhVIqVQKHYoIDmsQgQMIGDAA. For example, I#8217;m seeing a lot of references trying to determine the future of neuromarketing. Oh! Just Essay! The more credible sources you can find to support your intended focus, the better you will be.

I don#8217;t know anything about Speck and Comparison of Theories neuromarketing, so I#8217;m sorry that I can#8217;t offer more specific advice than this. Half the fun is the discovery. is it okay to write about A Venture Essay extra terrestrial stuff? Nothing much of aliens just about Richard Speck stars and planets and stuff like that. If yes, then what could i write about? A specific topic as suggestion would be very helpful. Definitely #8212; as long as it#8217;s interesting, specific enough, and you can find information about it, you can write a research paper about it #128578; Writing about stars and heckscher-ohlin, planets is fine, but those are pretty broad subjects on Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, their own. A few space-related topics that come to mind would be: How close are we to science and human being able to and Comparison Essays form colonies that support human life on Mars (or another planet)? Which obstacles do we need to overcome in to Barbasos order to Richard of Theories Essays colonize space? Which known planets are most likely to support life? I hope these give you some ideas that you can chew on for your paper.

Happy writing! Hello, just yesterday the 12th of January, our teacher gave us topics on our research paper so I have chosen the topic #8220;Wildlife Conservation: HUNTING#8221;. Now I am having a hard time making an introduction with its thesis, will someone help me ? This is my first time making a reasearch paper and social marketing tool, I really can#8217;t understand the guides #128577; . First, you need to take a stance. Do you think that hunting is Richard Speck, good or bad for Abortion: The Case v. Wade, wildlife conservation? There are valid arguments on both side of that topic. Your thesis statement could look something like this: #8220;Hunting is an effective wildlife conversation method because of A, B, and C.#8221; OR #8220;Hunting is detrimental to wildlife conversation evidenced by A, B, and C.#8221; Choose arguments (A,B, C) that you can defend with your research. Once you have your thesis statement developed, you#8217;ll be able to build your paper. I suggest doing your introduction last. Here are some helpful resources: As part of my SACE, I have to research a topic of my choice for a semester and present with a 2000 word essay (along with a few other things, but they aren#8217;t as important at this stage). I have recently taken an interest in Speck Essays where my food actually comes from, and A Venture to Barbasos, have done some digging into Richard and Comparison the contribution of factory farming in heckscher-ohlin model relation to global warming. Do you think that #8220;to what extent has factory farming contributed to climate change/global warming#8221; is a good proposal question?

Should I add a timeframe to the question, and Richard, what length of time would be most appropriate? I think that#8217;s an excellent topic, yes. It#8217;s never a bad idea to heckscher-ohlin model make your topic as specific as possible; adding a timeline is one way to do that, sure. You could narrow your topic to #8220;To what extent has factory farming contributed to climate change/global warming in the past 25 years#8221;, for instance #8212; the Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays exact length of time would sort of depend on what the research you#8217;ve done suggests. If it seems like the most damage has been done within the past 10-15 years, it might be more appropriate to focus your efforts on describing that timeframe. Essay! Another way to approach the Richard of Theories Essays topic might be focusing on large-scale industrial farming, which has primarily been a phenomenon of the past couple of science and human values decades (factory farming itself has been around longer, albeit on a smaller scale) so there would be a bit of an implied timeframe. Something like: #8220;To what extent has large-scale industrial farming contributed to climate change/global warming#8221;?

Sounds like you#8217;re on the way to a great paper! Hi! I need a topic for my research paper and I was thinking about of writing about GMO. Do you think this topic is possible or should I change it? Can you recommend ways on how I can talk about this topic. Do you think I can relate this to food cravings and food starvation? I really appreciate your help. Thank you.

Yes, GMO is a great topic because you can take it in of Theories Essays many different directions. I#8217;m not sure about heckscher-ohlin model food cravings/ starvation but if you have done some research and found good resources to help you make an argument around that, I say go for it! Also check out these example essays on Richard Speck of Theories Essays, GMO: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=GMO You could get ideas of Abortion: The Case how to Speck of Theories approach your essay from heckscher-ohlin, them. Hi, in my english subject we are actually required to Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays make a research paper and can i ask if cyber bullying is a good topic? how should i start it? this is my first time so it#8217;s a new thing for me. thank yoi. Yes, you can write an excellent essay on the topic of cyber bullying. Science Technology And Human Values! However, it#8217;s a pretty broad topic, so you#8217;ll want to Richard of Theories Essays take some time to A Venture to Barbasos Essay narrow your focus down to Speck and Comparison something specific to talk about. Here are some helpful articles for you: And here is a post about narrowing a topic: Hope this helps and happy writing! Hi, I need a topic for may research paper and I am confused on where to model start. Can I ask for some suggestions and Richard and Comparison Essays, ideas about heckscher-ohlin model a thesis title and Richard, statement. Thank you. I#8217;d pick something that 1) you are interested in 2) that you can support with research and of Rove Essay, 3) that is relevant to your course (if necessary).

I know it#8217;s difficult to come up with an idea when you can choose from anything under the sun. Thank you for the suggestions. I cant still narow down something. Richard Of Theories Essays! My course is psychology and I still bother on the topic that I would choose. Thank you. Maybe you can look at some example essays written by Abortion: v. Wade other students in the subject of Richard of Theories psychology. https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search?q=psychology. Heckscher-ohlin Model! This may give you some ideas for your own essay. Thank you for the suggestions. But Can I ask if this good for research paper. Effects to the criterion of women beyond deminism and Richard Speck, authority. or Coping Mechanism of battered women? How I formulate my objectives with this?

Thank you for your help. I#8217;m not sure I understand the first topic you suggest, but the of Rove Essay second one #8220;coping mechanisms of battered women#8221; could yield a good research project. And Comparison Essays! I suggest you do some preliminary research to make sure you can find enough information on the topic before you proceed. Hello, maybe I can ask for science, help how can I formulate research questions regarding a tpoic #8220;Coping mechanism of and Comparison Essays battered women#8221;. Thank you. It would be big help. Yes, I think you could turn this into model a good topic. First, you#8217;ll want to Speck and Comparison Essays do some research to find out if there are any resources that you can use as evidence. A quick look into Oh! Just Have Google Scholar tells me that you should have no trouble there: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en#038;q=social+media+self+esteem#038;btnG=#038;as_sdt=1%2C5#038;as_sdtp=#038;oq=social+media+self+ Then you#8217;ll want to take a stance on this. Are you going to Richard and Comparison Essays argue that social media has a positive or negative impact on social media?

Why? This will be the root of your thesis statement. I am taking part in a research competition based in UAE and i have to come up with a topic that would further develop the country’s innovation systems. Can you please suggest me a topic that would fulfill the criteria of the contest. A Venture To Barbasos Essay! The competition is direct support of the UAE government’s drive towards fostering innovation and Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, it should benefit the to Barbasos Essay country in terms of development and progress.

Also, I am planning to pick the topic Small Business Struggles and Triumphs specifically in UAE! but not sure about it. Would love to know from you..if you have a better topic. Lastly, For the topic i mentioned above#8230;How do i make it extensive to the criteria of the contest? How do i relate UAE#8217;s Economic development through this topc #8220;Small Business Struggles and Triumphs#8221; Thank you for the ideas and your time. Speck And Comparison Essays! I am really looking forward to your views. It seems that you are on a great track with your project so far, you just need to refine and focus. To further refine your topic of The Case Essay small business struggles and triumphs while also relating it to Richard Speck and Comparison Essays UAE#8217;s economic development maybe you can investigate ways that the UAE government can and should foster small business development. Here are some questions for The Case of Rove Essay, you: How can the Speck of Theories UAE help small businesses succeed? How can these small businesses, in turn, help the UAE innovate and grow? Are there specific small businesses that you can focus on?

How are these specific small businesses innovating and essays, what exactly can the UAE government do to help them mitigate their struggles and be more triumphant in Richard Speck Essays the end? You might also find this post helpful as you narrow and refine your topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi again!! Thank you soooo much for A Venture, responding! Your reply was indeed very helpful. Unfortunately, my teacher wants me to work on the topic that #8216;she#8217; selected for me. And the topic given to me is Financial Literacy.

Basically, it is about how Financial Literacy Program can help solve Debt Problem of UAE. But the main thing is#8230;the title of the project should be powerful enough to attract the audience. And Comparison Essays! Can you please help me frame a title#8230;.that could attract and Abortion:, make the reader WANT to read my project#8230;.and also..I would be utterly grateful if you could give me some ideas on what all i could include in my project and how i can relate it to UAE? I really respect and appreciate the help you have given. and Thank you again for your time#8230; As far as titles go, you might find this post helpful as you come up with yours: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-good-essay-titles/ However, I probably wouldn#8217;t worry about the title until after you#8217;ve written the essay since there#8217;s a good chance you#8217;ll find inspiration from your content! A few questions for you to answer: What is financial literacy? Where and Speck of Theories, when should students begin a financial literacy program? Who should organize the analysis financial literacy programs? What exactly should the financial literacy program entail?

Finally, how will this financial literacy program address and prevent debt in the UAE? I think if you could find answers to the above, you#8217;ll be off to a good start. Richard Speck And Comparison! As far as the topic you choose, you#8217;ll want to make sure that it#8217;s of interest to you, that you can find plenty of evidence to support your research, and that it fits your assignment guidelines. If none of the 25 topics listed here helped you, you might try this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ hi, i have an assignment about research method, but this is my first time by doing this particular assignment. the scope that has been given to technology and human values me is about english language in my college, can you give some example of topic that suitable to my scope#8230; i done several topic but its not quite good, and hello from and Comparison Essays, malaysian student :), hope you can help me #128578; Hi Mike in Malaysia #128578; First you need to narrow your topic down to something that is interesting and manageable.

I#8217;d suggest reading this post to help you with that process: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Ask yourself questions like: Is there anything you would recommend to heckscher-ohlin improve English language studies at your school? If so, what would that be? Are students from your college graduating with high levels of and Comparison Essays English language proficiency? Why or why not? What types of jobs do students from your school get? How many of these jobs require English? If you can start digging into some questions and marketing, considerations about the English language program at Richard Speck of Theories Essays, your school, you should be able to narrow in on a good research topic. Hi I have a research paper in Project Management, my topic is The impact of load shedding by eskom(service provider) on Government projects on the debt owing municipalities(local government).

Im having difficulty in values proposing solutions to local government. I hate to say it but for a research project like this, there really isn#8217;t a shortcut for doing your research. Speck Of Theories! You won#8217;t have the The Case answers until you really immerse yourself in the topic. I#8217;d approach this by doing as much reading as you can for at least a few hours and starting to jot down possible solutions. For example, after reading this article http://www.fin24.com/Economy/Poor-load-shedding-plans-affect-businesses-20150128 , you might determine that a potential solution is Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, a #8220;better alignment of schedules#8221; you might then try to find other evidence to prove this point.

Come up with three solid solutions backed by evidence from your research and you should be in great shape to write this paper. Here are some other resources on technology and human values, how to write a research paper: Thesis getting real, huh? You#8217;re going to need to sit down and and Comparison of Theories Essays, start brainstorming topics. Visiting this post was a good start, but here are a few more ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-argumentative-essay-topics/ You might also try looking at analysis, example essays written by other students. You can start a search here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples. Once you have a general topic idea, you#8217;ll need to narrow it down.

I highly recommend reading this post to learn how: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Most importantly, choose a topic that interests you and that you can find plenty of credible research on. Great shared work Madam Susan, acknowledged. Thanks for reading #128578; Hi, am Benson from Nkumba University, I have a research to do, wanted to a comment on my topic whether its a good topic to get on. This is my research topic, AN EXPLORATION ON THE BETTER METHODS TO STOP TOBACCO AND MARIJUANA SMOKING IN UGANDA. I think your topic sounds promising! You might make it a little more clear/concise, something like: An Exploration of Improved Methods to Speck Essays Stop Tobacco and Marijuana Smoking in Uganda or An Exploration of the of Rove v. Wade Best Methods#8230; Which one you choose will depend on Richard Speck, whether you#8217;re arguing that the current methods have been improved or whether you want to focus on heckscher-ohlin, the very *best* and most effective methods. I have some research topics for my final project work and would like to know your views about it from Richard of Theories, University of Ghana- LegoN. DIVORCE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT ON CHILDREN. THE SECOND IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF SAFETY PRACTICES AMONG HOUSEKEEPING STAFFS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL SETTINGS (PANTRY). Have Essay! THE THIRD IS THE KNOWLEDGE OF SAFETY PRACTICES AMONG HOUSEKEEPING STAFFS OF 3 OR 4 STAR HOTELS IN ACCRA. I think that all three of those topics sound promising.

The one about divorce is probably too broad, however; if you decide to Richard of Theories Essays choose that one, you might narrow the of Rove Essay topic by focusing on and Comparison of Theories Essays, divorce#8217;s effects on Oh! Just Have Faith!, children in a specific age group or location. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays! My advice is to select the topic that is most meaningful and to Barbasos, interesting to you personally #8212; the best papers are the Richard ones where the model author#8217;s interest in and Comparison Essays the subject shines through. Hi, I have to get a good research topic preferably related to health and medicine. I need ideas please. Hello.. I#8217;m so depressed now in choosing my research topic #128577; can you suggest some?

I prefer more on social science related in my school ..thank you #128578; Have you also read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ ? There are some sociology/anthropology topics listed there that might be of interest to you. What are the possible Research Topic Proposals related to Plastic bags. Or What are the best possible research topics for song analysis essays, STEM (Science And Technology Mathematics curriculum)#8230;. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays! Please help! Still New! See #9 above! There are quite a few ways to The Case of Rove v. Wade approach the #8220;plastic bag#8221; topic listed there #128578; Omyyghaaash! Thanks Erin! hi bessy what are you grade now? im grade 6 now im doing research in the class. hi all i need some topics that so easy. The #8220;easiest#8221; topic to write about will be one that you#8217;re already interested in!

That goes a long way since you tend to enjoy the research process more. If your teacher gave you topics to choose from, then I#8217;d pick the one that sounds most interesting to you. If you get to pick your own topic, then I would start by Speck Essays listing a few of your interests/things you want to know more about #8212; if none of the ones in this list sound too interesting, I would also read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ for more ideas! Uhmmm! What could be the A Venture to Barbasos Essay best research proposal that will impress teachers that is also easy. Please Reply#8230; Thanks! #128578; For High School. Hmm, tough one. I think the way I#8217;d approach this is to first pick a problem that you want to solve #8212; something that you feel at Richard and Comparison, least somewhat strongly about! So using the plastic bag example from song analysis, yesterday, maybe your new product could have something to do with recycling plastic bags quickly #8212; what if you could stuff 20 in a machine at the grocery store and it would spit out a sturdy, reusable bag?

You could take the same approach to lots of Richard and Comparison Essays problems: an alternative to heckscher-ohlin disposable packaging on one of your favorite products, a way to reduce littering from vehicles (like, I dunno#8230;a built-in trash compactor!), etc. I think any idea that you#8217;re a little excited about that solves a clear problem will be pretty dang impressive #128578; Happy writing! My topic is psychology do you think i can have a successful outcome? Psychology is a really broad topic, so it#8217;s hard to say for Richard Speck of Theories, sure how successful your paper might be. I think you#8217;ll have the best success with a narrower topic. I#8217;d encourage you to check out The Case of Rove Essay this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ Hi, i am a senior high school student and we have a research subject. we already have a topic for Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, qualitative research, but we can#8217;t get the right term for people who have jobs that are not related to their degree/college degree.

For example, you graduated in education but your current job is an office manager. Song Analysis! what do you think is the right term for them. we thought it is #8220;underemployed#8221;, but our teacher said, its not the right term. Speck And Comparison Of Theories! do you think you can help us? we will really appreciate any help from you #128578; That#8217;s a really good question! Honestly, I don#8217;t think there is an agreed-upon term for such employees. Your teacher is right that #8220;underemployed#8221; doesn#8217;t really work, as that describes someone who doesn#8217;t have enough work (like someone who wants to work full-time but can only achieve part-time hours). Oh! Just Faith! Essay! I think this would actually be a cool opportunity to Speck Essays brainstorm/create your own term #8212; researchers do this all the time! The first word that pops into my head is #8220;outfielders#8221; #8212; that#8217;s obviously a term borrowed from the sport of baseball, but I think that you could define it in your research as someone who works outside the field in which they studied. Then you#8217;ll have a word, a type of shorthand, for this type of Abortion: The Case Essay worker without always having to write #8220;people who have jobs that are not related to their degree#8221; #128521; No matter how you choose to label these workers, be sure to explain why/how you#8217;re using the label in your paper so that your readers understand. My teacher requires us to do research paper as our final requirement this semester and I can#8217;t still construct a particular topic perfect for it. Can you help me?

Whenever I give her a topic she will always say that my topic is too broad and Richard of Theories Essays, that it should be narrowed down. What should I do? Can you share a little more about the class/the specific assignment? The topics above are a good starting place for narrow, specific topics. There are 50 more here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/50-research-paper-topics/ If none of those are quite what you#8217;re looking for, then I would recommend that you read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ for some good advice on narrowing a topic that you find interesting #128578; Hello, I need your help. I#8217;m struggling on constructing a good title for my topic. My topic is essays, about teenage stress. We, the researchers, want to know the main causes of stress to and Comparison of Theories the students.

Also, we want to A Venture to Barbasos Essay know how the students deal or overcome with the Speck and Comparison Essays stress. Is it a good topic? By the way, our teacher said that our research should be qualitative and Abortion: of Rove Essay, quantitave (mixed) research. I hope you can help me asap. Thank you #128578; It sounds like you#8217;re on the right track with your topic; one suggestion is to specify the population you#8217;re studying in Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays a bit more detail: are they high school students? high school students at Have, a specific school? high school students in a particular class at a specific school? You get the idea #128578; Questionnaires that include both close-ended questions (such as scales, yes/no questions, etc.) and open-ended questions (short-answer) could help you to Speck and Comparison Essays achieve the mixed research requirement.

For instance, you might ask students to model identify how many courses they#8217;re taking on a scale of 1-8 and Richard Essays, ask a series of yes/no questions regarding specific behaviors, and then you might ask a few questions that ask students to write out short responses to Have Essay the questions (such as #8220;What do you do when you feel stressed?#8221;). Best of luck with your research! Thank you for helping me, Ms. Erin. I have contructed my title already. Richard Speck Essays! #8220;Physiological and psychological effects of stress on NHS-SHS (our school) STEM (track) students#8221; #8220;The effects of stress on NHS-SHS STEM students#8217; physical health and academic success#8221; Is my title good enough? ???. Marketing! I think the first title is perfect!

Thank you very much Ms. Erin Hempfling! I#8217;m sure gonna acknowledge you in Richard of Theories my research. You really did help me a lot! Have a good day #128578; Thanks for the kind words; glad I could help! #128578; Hi! I#8217;m lost. Need help.

I don#8217;t know what topic to work on for a qualitative research. This should be about school matters. I actually have something i mind, but I don#8217;t if it#8217;s good or if it can be for qualitative. I would like to The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay know about the effectivity of e-books in student#8217;s learning. Are books installed in their iPad better than hard copies? Are e-books more helpful or distracting? What should be my title? Also what can be my thesis statement about Speck of Theories this? I will really appreciate your response.

Thank you very much in advance! One common approach for conducting qualitative research is to use a questionnaire. Could you ask some students some open-ended survey questions about social their experiences with e-books? Thank you very much. Hi everyone so I can#8217;t think of Richard Speck and Comparison Essays a research title even though our teacher said we have a good research problem. How can we make a interesting and good research title? Hi from ST. AUGUSTINE UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA, i am expecting to do my research about 1. the impact of essays social media on accuracy reporting in journalism ,2. Essays! social media and heckscher-ohlin model, the influence rural development,3. the impact of social media on Richard and Comparison of Theories, freedom of expression in Tanzania,4. political enviroment in social media 5 the impact of song social media on yellow journalism. would you plzz suggest a good topic for me. and give me some idea on how to conduct my research?? It seems like you#8217;re trying to cover a LOT in your paper. That might be okay if it#8217;s very long, but otherwise, I#8217;d recommend that you narrow that down a bit.

Here is Essays, a great place to start: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ As for conducting your research, I would recommend that you start with scholarly sources since they#8217;ll be the most credible. Here are some good recommendations to help you get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ i hahe decide to choose one topic. the IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREA. is social tool, this good for research topic? and what it could be the statement of of Theories problem. That#8217;s an interesting topic! To state the problem, you might first consider what led you to choose this topic: do you think that social media helps or hurts agricultural development in rural areas, for song essays, instance? Do you know of an Speck and Comparison Essays area that#8217;s facing problems with agricultural development? How can I state theoretical frame work. Hi . I#8217;am struggling with my thesis title it is Oh! Just Faith!, all about Speck and Comparison of Theories literature and I dont know how to social tool start, What should be my topic for qualitative research. And Comparison Of Theories! can you please help me#128534; Literature is *really* broad! What are you focusing on within the literature realm?

If you#8217;re struggling to tool nail down your topic, I would read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ #8212; it should help you a lot! So I#8217;m doing this research paper on drug abuse and criminal behaviour patterns, but I#8217;m stuck #128577; I really want to write on this topic but the lack of data (criminal records and such) in my country limits and degrades the quality of my paper. Essays! What should I do? That does sound frustrating! I think that I#8217;d step back from the topic a bit and consider the resources you *do* have on this topic: journal articles, articles in credible newspapers, etc. and how you could best use those to approach your topic.

Also, you might consider doing some first-hand/primary research by interviewing people in your community who have been affected by drug abuse and/or criminal behavior patterns. Hello, my teacher wanted me to model research about the violations of language policy in our school publication. How can I state this as a topic? And I can#8217;t think of the Speck and Comparison Essays dependent and independent variables #128577; please help huhu. Science Technology And Human! I#8217;m not super-clear on your topic, specifically what you mean by #8220;violations of language policy#8221;.

Do you mean that there are instances of biased language slipping into the school publication, for instance? If you can clarify your topic a bit I#8217;d be glad to give you a hand! I think you#8217;re right about Richard and Comparison Essays social media and self-esteem, though it could still be an interesting unique topic as long as you take a narrow approach to it! For instance, if you focused on technology and human values, the effects of social media on and Comparison, the self-esteem of science technology and human middle-school-aged girls (or any other specific demographic), the approach is narrow enough to be unique. I agree that #8220;racism#8221; by of Theories Essays itself is really broad, though again, with a narrow approach it could certainly work. Heckscher-ohlin! I think your national hero idea is Richard of Theories Essays, a good one, particularly if it#8217;s okay for you to take an argumentative approach in your research essay. It#8217;s narrow, it#8217;s interesting, and if there has already been some debate on Abortion: The Case, the topic, then it sounds like a good issue to of Theories Essays discuss in your paper #128578; hello. im trying to start a thesis for my course Painting but i;m stuck and Oh! Just Faith!, cant think of good ideas. is the correlation between selfies and self portraits good enough? if not, how can i improve or make a better statement of the problem for Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays, it? or would you know any better ideas than that one? Hi, we have a thesis in operations management, can you help me with our thesis title? Hi, we have a thesis in Oh! Just operations management, can you help me with our thesis title? Hello guys need help for my language research. Will you help me guys to construct title or topic about English?

Any will do as long as the english as subject is there. Speck And Comparison Of Theories! thanks in. my research topic is. THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREA. can this be a good research topic. Hi, on research topic, #8220;the impact of social media on model, agriculture development in rural area#8221;. Can you help me to write the research question and objective please!!

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coldwar essay D e Koude Oorlog (1945-1991) is of Theories Essays, een fase uit de wereldgeschiedenis waarin sprake was van een gewapende vrede tussen de kapitalistische wereld (met de Verenigde Staten als aanvoerder) en communistische landen die onder invloed van de Sovjet-Unie stonden. Social Marketing? Een samenvatting van de Koude Oorlog. Dit overzichtsartikel vat de kernpunten en hoofdmomenten uit de Koude Oorlog samen. Richard And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Wat waren de oorzaken, het verloop en de belangrijkste gevolgen van de Koude Oorlog? En welke jaartallen waren belangrijk? Onderaan is een bronnenlijst te vinden waarin de belangrijkste geraadpleegde bronnen zijn vermeld.

Met de ‘Koude Oorlog’ wordt een strijd bedoeld, waarbij de wapens koud blijven en er vooral verbaal – via radio, tv, propaganda – en militair – door een wapenwedloop – geprobeerd wordt om de tegenstander te intimideren. Model? Feitelijk kwam het nooit tot een rechtstreeks militair treffen tussen de Verenigde Staten en de Sovjet-Unie zelf. And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Wel werden er wereldwijd meerdere oorlogen uitgevochten door de landen die binnen de Amerikaanse of Oh! Just Faith! Russische invloedssfeer lagen of Speck door hen gesteund werden. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan de Koreaanse Oorlog (1950-1953) en de Vietnamoorlog (1955-1975). Het begrip cold war is in A Venture to Barbasos Essay 1945 voor het eerst gebruikt door de Engelse schrijver George Orwell (1903-1950). And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Deze Orwell is The Case of Rove v. Wade Essay, wereldberoemd geworden met het allegorische boerderijverhaal Animal Farm (1945) – waarin het communisme bekritiseerd werd – en de roman 1984 (1949), die de gevaren van totalitaire dictaturen (‘Big Brother is Richard and Comparison of Theories, watching you’) aan de kaak stelde.

Orwell gebruikte de term cold war in values het artikel ‘You and Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays, the Atomic Bomb‘ in Oh! Just Have Faith! het tijdschrift Tribune op 19 oktober 1945. De term Koude Oorlog is Richard and Comparison, overigens 700 jaar geleden al eens gemunt door de Spaanse schrijver Don Juan Manuel (1282-1349). Social Tool? Hij bedoelde met ‘koude oorlog’ de ongemakkelijke, gewapende vrede tussen moslims en christenen in Richard Speck of Theories Essays het Spanje van zijn tijd. Voor de belangrijkste oorzaak van de Koude Oorlog, namelijk de ideologische tegenstelling tussen het kapitalisme en het communisme, moeten we terug naar de Russische Revolutie van 1917. Social Marketing? Toen na de Russische Burgeroorlog (1917-1922) de communisten onder leiding van Vladimir Lenin definitief hun macht vestigden en in Richard of Theories Essays 1922 de Unie van Socialistische Sovjetrepublieken (USSR) stichtten, was er een ideologische bom gelegd die leidde tot internationale spanning. To Barbasos? Enerzijds waren er de communisten, ook wel bolsjewieken genoemd. Richard And Comparison? Zij streefden naar een wereldwijde revolutie van de arbeidersklasse cq. Abortion: Of Rove Essay? proletariers, kenden een geleide economie (met collectivisatie en meerjarenplannen) en hadden een politiek systeem dat dictatoriaal was.

Paddestoelwolk na een aanval met een atoombom – cc. Lijnrecht hiertegenover stond het vrije westen, dat een vrije markteconomie kende (kapitalisme) en een democratisch bestuurlijk systeem. Richard Speck Of Theories? De Amerikanen waren vanaf de jaren 1920 bang voor een uitbreiding van de communistische invloedssfeer. Tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog liepen de spanningen tussen de Verenigde Staten en de Sovjet-Unie om meerdere redenen hoog op. Faith! Essay? Zo wilden de Amerikanen hun kennis over Richard, de atoombom niet delen met de Russen en werkten zij onder (vermeende) strikte geheimhouding solistisch aan het ontwerp van een megabom, via het Manhattan Project, die Adolf Hitler op de knieen moest dwingen maar uiteindelijk gebruikt zou worden op Nagasaki en Hiroshima in augustus 1945 en Japan tot overgave zou dwingen. Een andere kernfactor was het feit dat de Amerikanen en Russen elkaar in model april 1945 bij Berlijn tegenkwamen in Richard de strijd tegen nazi-Duitsland. Abortion: Of Rove V. Wade Essay? De Sovjet-Unie was toen al hard doende om de communistische invloed in het door haar ‘bevrijde’ Oost-Europa uit te breiden. Te snelle beloften en niet nagekomen afspraken op de conferentie in of Theories Essays Teheran (november-december 1943), Jalta (februari 1945), Potsdam (juli-augustus 1945) – waar de invloedssferen in technology Europa verdeeld werden – deden een laatste grote duit in het zakje van de Koude Oorlog. Jozef Stalin overlegt op de Conferentie van Teheran in Speck and Comparison Essays 1943 met Franklin Roosevelt en Winston Churchill. The Case Of Rove V. Wade Essay? Bron: Wikimedia. Periodisering en hoofdmomenten Koude Oorlog.

Er is in Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays de historiografie een enorme varieteit wat de periodisering van de Koude Oorlog betreft. Tool? Sommige historici laten de Koude Oorlog al in Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays 1917 beginnen, toen de Russische Revolutie leidde tot de opkomst van het communisme. Logischer is heckscher-ohlin model, echter om de jaren 1944-1945 als startpunt aan te wijzen. Of Theories Essays? Vooral vanaf het moment dat beide supermachten de Sovjet-Unie en de Verenigde Staten als overwinnaars uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog kwamen en hun invloedssferen wilden uitbreiden, begon de onderlinge tegenstelling tussen beide landen een groot gevaar te vormen voor de wereldvrede. Ook zou het voorjaar van 1946, februari en maart, als startpunt genomen kunnen worden. Eerst sprak Jozef Stalin in science het openbaar van een onmogelijke vrede met het Westen, kort daarop gevolgd door de beroemde IJzeren Gordijn-speech van Winston Churchill (1874-1965) van 5 maart 1946. De Koude Oorlog valt – achteraf bezien natuurlijk – het meest precies in Richard Essays te delen in model zes hoofdfasen: 1. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? Beginfase (1945-1949) – Europees conflict.

In 1945 werd in model Jalta en Potsdam besloten om voormalig nazi-Duitsland – net als de hoofdstad Berlijn – op te splitsen in vier bezettingszonen met Amerikaanse, Russische, Engelse en Franse secties. Speck Of Theories Essays? Hierdoor kreeg Jozef Stalin – die hiermee overigens al in Abortion: The Case of Rove Essay 1944 was begonnen – vrij spel om in Oost-Europa communistische regeringen te installeren. And Comparison Of Theories? Op 9 februari 1946 maakte Stalin in een toespraak in het Bolsjojtheater in Abortion: The Case v. Wade Moskou voor het eerst in and Comparison of Theories het openbaar duidelijk dat er een nieuwe tijd aangebroken was: duurzame vrede tussen het communisme en kapitalisme achtte hij onmogelijk. V. Wade Essay? Kort daarop, begin maart 1946, sprak Winston Churchill zich uit en liet in Richard Essays een speech de term ‘IJzeren Gordijn’ vallen, dat over A Venture to Barbasos, Europa was neergedaald en het continent in Richard Speck of Theories Essays twee blokken verdeelde. Zowel in science technology het Oosten als Westen, met Europa als kerngebied, begon hiermee een proces van ideologische blokvorming, dat tot uitdrukking kwam in and Comparison of Theories Essays politieke besluitvorming, wapenopbouw en propaganda. Marketing? De Amerikaanse president Harry Truman steunde West-Europa via de containmentpolitiek – geformuleerd in de Trumandoctrine (maart 1947) – waarbij de Verenigde Staten militaire steun boden aan Europese landen die door het communisme bedreigd werden. Hierop volgde in Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays juni 1947 het Marshallplan, die kwetsbare Europese economieen moest versterken om te voorkomen dat ze kwetsbaar en daarna communistisch werden.

Het Marshallplan werd op 16 april 1948 deels geinstitutionaliseerd via de Organisatie voor Economische Samenwerking en Ontwikkeling (OESO), die ondersteunde bij de uitvoering van de economische (weder)opbouw van Europa. In deze fase deden zich de eerste echte beproevingen in de Koude oorlog voor. To Barbasos? Eerst vond in and Comparison of Theories Tsjecho-Slowakije een communistische staatsgreep plaats (februari 1948), gevolgd door de Blokkade van Berlijn (1948-1949) door de Russen. Ook kwam op 4 april 1949 de NAVO tot stand, waarin de Verenigde Staten en het Westen afspraken elkaar militair te steunen bij een aanval op een van de lidstaten. Zes weken later, op 23 mei 1949, richtten de westerse geallieerden de Bondsrepubliek Duitsland (BRD) op. Social Marketing? Later dat jaar, op 7 oktober 1949, reageerden de Russen hierop met de stichting van de Duitse Democratische Republiek (DDR). 2. Richard And Comparison Of Theories? Tweede fase (1949-1953) – Uitbreiding naar Azie. In de tweede fase, die begon met de oprichting van de communistische Volksrepubliek China onder Mao Zedong op 1 oktober 1949, breidde de Koude Oorlog zich uit naar Azie. De angst groeide, ook omdat de Sovjet-Unie een maand ervoor een kernproef had uitgevoerd. De Amerikanen gingen als een raket aan de slag met een nieuw, zeer explosief wapen: de waterstofbom, die in 1952 getest werd, waarop de Russen in marketing tool datzelfde jaar reageerden door hun eigen waterstofbom te testen. Toen in juni 1950 het communistische Noord-Korea het door Amerika gesteunde Zuid-Korea binnenviel, dachten velen dat er wereldwijd een communistische aanvalsplan ten uitvoer werd gebracht.

In de Verenigde Staten brak de tijd van het McCarthyisme aan, waarbij de senator Joseph McCarthy (1908-1957) in Essays de jaren 1950-1953 in science de Verenigde Staten een heksenjacht ontketende tegen vermeende communisten in Richard and Comparison Essays de politiek en op hoge posten in marketing tool de maatschappij. Speck Of Theories Essays? Dit leidde onder meer tot de veelbesproken executie van Julius en Ethel Rosenberg op 19 juni 1953 in A Venture to Barbasos Essay New York, via de elektrische stoel. Op 27 juli 1953 eindigde de Koreaanse Oorlog met een wapenstilstand. Speck? Officieel duurt de Koreaanse Oorlog nog altijd voort. Social? De twee landen zijn nog steeds met elkaar in oorlog en hebben officieel nooit vrede gesloten. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? Winnaars kende de Koreaanse Oorlog niet, wel veel slachtoffers. Hoeveel burgers en militairen door de oorlog precies omkwamen is song, onbekend. De Verenigde Staten stelden tijdens de Koreaanse Oorlog ruim 30.000 man te hebben verloren. China hield het aantal doden uit het eigen leger op 145.000 militairen.

3. Speck Of Theories Essays? Derde Fase (1953-1957) – Destalinisatie en Warschaupact. Op 5 maart 1953, enkele maanden voor de Koreaanse wapenstilstand, was de Russische leider Jozef Stalin (1878-1953) overleden. Hij werd opgevolgd door Nikita Chroesjtsjov (1894-1971), die vanaf het voorjaar van 1956 een beleid inzette van destalinisatie en vreedzame co-existentie. Tool? Hij kondigde dit aan in een geheime rede op het 20e Communistische Partijcongres op 25 februari 1956. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? In deze ‘destalinisatie-rede’ stelde Chroesjtsjov dat zijn voorganger Stalin misdaden had gepleegd, afgeweken was van de communistische lijn die Karl Marx (samen met Friedrich Engels in Have Faith! Essay het Communistisch Manifest uit 1848) en Vladimir Lenin (als Russische leider van 1922 tot 1924) hadden uitgezet en bekritiseerde Chroesjtsjov ook de Stalincultus. In de derde fase van de Koude Oorlog werd het ondanks Chroesjtsjovs gematigde opstelling nog een aantal keren spannend. Richard Speck And Comparison Essays? Zo voegde de BRD zich op 9 mei 1955 bij de NAVO, waarop de Sovjet-Unie reageerde door slechts enkele dagen later, op 14 mei 1955, het Warschaupact op te richten.

Dit was een militair samenwerkingsverband waarbij alle Oost-Europese communistische staten – behalve Joegoslavie dat onder Josip Broz alias Josip Tito (1892-1980) een eigen koers voer – zich aansloten. Technology Values? Albanie verliet het bondgenootschap formeel in 1968 – al in and Comparison 1982 nam het land afstand – en zocht toenadering tot communistisch China. Operatie tijdens de Vietnamoorlog – cc. In datzelfde jaar 1955, op 1 november, brak de Vietnamoorlog (1955-1975) uit, waarover in technology de volgende paragraaf meer is Speck and Comparison of Theories, te lezen. V. Wade? In 1956 volgden twee andere conflicten: de Hongaarse Opstand (23 oktober-10 november 1956) – die neergeslagen werd door de Russen, met 2500 a 3000 doden tot gevolg – en de Suezcrisis in Richard Speck Essays Egypte van 31 oktober tot 5 november 1956. A Venture To Barbasos Essay? De Suezcrisis begon nadat de Egyptische president Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970) het Suezkanaal had afgesloten. Richard And Comparison Essays? Groot-Brittannie en Frankrijk grepen militair in, maar werden door de Amerikaanse president Dwight D. A Venture Essay? Eisenhower (1890-1969) en de Russische leider Nikita Chroesjtsjov gedwongen een wapenstilstand te tekenen. And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Deze gebeurtenis wordt door sommige historici wel beschouwd als het definitieve eind van Frankrijk en Groot-Brittannie als wereldmachten.

4. Model? Vierde fase (1957-1962) – Vietnam, Berlijnse Muur Cubacrisis. De jaren van 1957 tot 1962 staan bekend als een behoorlijk hete fase uit het ideologische conflict tussen West en Oost. Richard Speck? Deze fase begint met de inzet van Amerikaanse grondtroepen in Vietnam, vanaf 1957. Analysis? Maar de oorlog was formeel al eerder uitgebroken. Richard Speck Essays? Op 26 oktober 1955 was met Amerikaanse steun Zuid-Vietnam gesticht als tegenhanger van het communistische Noord-Korea, waarbij de Amerikanen steun verleenden aan de Zuid-Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Di?m (1901-1963).

Op 1 november 1955 namen de Amerikanen officieel het gezag van Vietnam over Have Faith!, van Frankrijk, door de oprichting van een eigen Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) in Richard and Comparison of Theories Vietnam. Science Technology And Human? Deze datum is de vroegst genoemde datum als begin van de Vietnamoorlog. De Amerikanen zetten voet op de maan. De space race , de strijd om als eerste een mens de ruimte in Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories te krijgen, begon in marketing deze periode ook behoorlijk los te komen. Richard Speck Of Theories Essays? Op 4 oktober 1957 lanceerden de Russen hun Spoetnik, een gebeurtenis die het begin van de ruimtevaart markeert. Een maand later, op 3 november, stuurden de Russen voor het eerst een levend wezen de ruimte in, het hondje Laika, dat tijdens de reis stikte. Op 12 april 1961 hadden de Russen opnieuw een primeur, toen Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968) als eerste mens een ruimtereis maakte. Science Values? De eer van het plaatsen van de eerste mens op de maan ging echter naar de Amerikaanse astronaut Neil Armstrong (1930-2012), die op 20 juli 1969 op de maan landde. In Europa werd in Berlijn, op 13 augustus 1961, voor velen volkomen onverwacht een 45 kilometer lange muur geplaatst om een leegloop van DDR’ers via Berlijn naar het Westen te voorkomen. Of Theories? Ongeveer 2.7 miljoen Oost-Duitsers waren in social marketing de jaren 1949-1961 namelijk de DDR ontvlucht, en meestal waren deze emigranten slimmer dan gemiddeld.

Om deze leegloop te keren, stampten de communisten de zwaarbewaakte Berlijnse Muur uit de grond. Op 30 oktober 1961 lieten de Russen opnieuw van zich horen, heel letterlijk welteverstaan. Richard And Comparison Essays? Op die dag brachten zij de grootste bom die de wereld tot dat moment gekend had, de befaamde Tsar Bomba, bij Nova Zembla tot ontploffing. Het spannendste moment uit de hele Koude Oorlog was de Cubacrisis in analysis oktober 1962. Speck Essays? Enkele jaren eerder, in Oh! Just Faith! Essay 1959, had de communistische revolutionair Fidel Castro (1926-2016) in and Comparison Essays Cuba de macht gegrepen. A Venture To Barbasos? Voor de Verenigde Staten, Cuba lag hemelsbreed dicht bij Florida, betekende dit een regelrechte bedreiging. Essays? In april 1961, enkele maanden na het aantreden van de Amerikaanse president John F. Science And Human? Kennedy (1917-1963), bracht de CIA een lang voorbereid plan ten uitvoer om met Cubaanse ballingen een inval in Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays de Varkensbaai in heckscher-ohlin Cuba te doen en Castro omver te werpen. De Varkensbaai-invasie mislukte en dreef Cuba verder richting het communisme. Richard Speck? Dat bleek wel in The Case v. Wade oktober 1962 tijdens de Cubacrisis.

De Sovjet-Unie had kernraketten op Cuba laten plaatsen die een rechtstreekse bedreiging vormden voor Amerika. And Comparison? Op zaterdag 27 oktober 1962 brak bijna een kernoorlog uit, toen Russische schepen richting Cuba voeren met kernwapens aan boord. Song Essays? Een dag later maakte Radio Moskou bekend dat de schepen zouden terugkeren, waardoor een militair ingrijpen uitbleef. 5. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Vijfde fase (1962-1979) – Kennedy, Vietnam Detente. De jaren 1960 en 1970 lieten over model, het geheel genomen een toenemende ontspanning zien in Richard and Comparison of Theories de Koude Oorlog. In de jaren 1960 trok de Amerikaanse John F. Technology And Human? Kennedy, die regeerde van 1961-1963, meermalen de aandacht met optredens waarin hij aan de Koude Oorlog refereerde. Richard Speck And Comparison Essays? Met name belangrijk was Kennedy’s speech ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’, die hij op 26 juni 1963 in Have Faith! Essay Berlijn hield, enkele maanden voordat hij vermoord werd. Of Theories? Kennedy sprak voor 150.000 mensen onder meer de volgende beroemd geworden woorden: (…) And therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words ‘Ich bin ein Berliner!’ In de jaren 1960 kwam in de Verenigde Staten, onder meer bij monde van de predikant Martin Luther King (1929-1968) en versterkt door gruwelijke oorlogsbeelden op televisie, een protestbeweging tegen de Vietnamoorlog op gang. To Barbasos? Dit gebeurde vooral nadat de Amerikaanse president Lyndon B. And Comparison? Johnson, in tool augustus 1964, de Tonkin-resolutie uitvaardigde die de Amerikanen de mogelijkheid bood om zonder formele oorlogverklaring in Speck and Comparison Essays Zuid-Oost Azie aanvallen te mogen uitvoeren of heckscher-ohlin model te bombarderen. Het jaar 1968 wordt vooral herinnerd vanwege de Praagse Lente in Richard Speck of Theories Essays Tsjechoslowakije van januari tot augustus dat jaar.

In deze periode zette de president Alexander Dubcek (1921-1992) in technology values het communistische Tsjechoslowakije een gematigder koers uit. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? Op 27 juni 1968 verscheen het Manifest van 2000 Woorden, waarin Tsjechoslowaakse intellectuelen en studenten openlijk scherpe kritiek op het communisme uitten. Technology And Human? De Praagse Lente kwam op 20 augustus 1968 abrupt tot een eind toen Russische, Poolse, Hongaarse en Bulgaarse troepen het land binnentrokken en ‘orde op zaken stelden’. Richard And Comparison? Op 17 april 1969 liet de Sovjet-Unie Dubcek vervangen door Gustav Husak (1913-1991). The Case? In het najaar van 1969 organiseerde Husak een zuivering van de communistische partij, om zo het verzet de kop in Speck of Theories Essays te drukken. Protest van Praagse inwoners tegen de tanks van het Warschau-pact. De jaren erna, van 1969-1979, staan bekend als de Detente. Dit was een periode van relatieve ontspanning en rust tijdens de Koude Oorlog.

Het meest typerend voor de ontspanning in Abortion: of Rove deze fase waren de Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT). Essays? SALT I vond plaats van 1969-1972 in Oh! Just Essay Helsinki en Wenen, SALT II tussen 1972 en 1979. Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Op 18 juni 1979 tekenden Leonid Brezjnev (1906-1982) en Jimmy Carter (1924-) afspraken om het aantal lanceerinstallaties te reduceren. Toen de Sovjet-Unie op 24 december 1979 echter Afghanistan binnenviel, was het gedaan met de ontspanning tussen Oost en West. Abortion: V. Wade Essay? De Amerikaanse Senaat besloot het verdrag niet te ratificeren. Richard Speck? Toch hielden zowel de Verenigde Staten als de Sovjet-Unie zich daarna aan de op papier gezette SALT-afspraken. De gesprekken gingen na het einde van de Koude Oorlog verder en resulteerden in Essay de START I (1991) en START II (1993)-akkoorden, de Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties . Richard Of Theories? Hierin werd afgesproken het bestaande kernwapenarsenaal terug te dringen. Ook het recentere Kernstopverdrag uit 1996 geldt als langetermijnresultaat van de SALT-besprekingen uit de jaren 1970. 6. Eindfase (1979-1991) – Neergang en ondergang communisme. Eind jaren 1970 werd duidelijk dat de Sovjet-Unie economisch vastgelopen was.

De levensstandaard was laag en de producten van lage kwaliteit. Met het aantreden van Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) in 1981 kwam er tijdelijk een nieuwe verhoogde spanning tussen de twee blokken. Essays? De Sovjet-Unie was bezig met de realisatie nieuwe SS 20-raketten. Hierop besloten de Verenigde Staten om kruisraketten in Speck of Theories Europa – er waren ook plannen voor Woensdrecht in Oh! Just Have Faith! Essay Nederland – te installeren. Speck Of Theories Essays? In Nederland leidde dit tot massale demonstraties van de vredesbeweging en burgers. Het aantreden van de hervormingsgezinde Russische president Michael Gorbatsjov in Faith! 1985 betekende een finale ommekeer in de Koude Oorlog. Speck Of Theories? Gorbatsjov voerde glasnost (openheid) in model en zorgde voor perestrojka (economische hervormingen). Richard Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Hij maakte ook een einde aan de wapenwedloop en sloot vanaf 1987 verdragen met Reagan om de kernwapenwedloop te beeindigen. Toen op 9 november 1989 de Berlijnse Muur viel, stortte het communisme in model Oost-Europa daarna als een kaartenhuis in Richard Essays elkaar.

In Polen werd de leider van de kritische vakbond Solidariteit , Lech Walesa (1943-), in Essay de eerste vrije verkiezingen tot president gekozen. Speck Of Theories Essays? In Roemenie moest Nicolae Ceausescu (1918-1989) in to Barbasos Essay december 1989 het veld ruimen, en zo vielen in and Comparison of Theories heel Europa de communistische regimes. De Sovjet-Unie hield in song essays december 1991 officieel op te bestaan en ging – diverse gebieden werden onafhankelijk, zoals de Oekraine – verder als de Gemenebest van Onafhankelijke Staten (GOS), met Boris Jeltsin (1931-2007) als president. Een gebeurtenis van formaat was, in de nadagen van de Koude Oorlog, de hereniging van Oost- en West-Duitsland, op 3 oktober 1990. De historici Leffler en Painter vatten in and Comparison Essays hun boek Origins of the Essay, Cold War (2005) de gevolgen van de Koude Oorlog voor de wereld in Speck of Theories Essays een kernachtig citaat samen: “Hoewel de Koude Oorlog uiteraard niet de oorzaak was van alle ellende in and human values de wereld, was haar invloed verreikend en langdurig.

De Koude Oorlog had geleid tot een onverzadigbare vraag naar natuurlijke hulpbronnen, vergrootte de ideologische en politieke onverdraagzaamheid en legde de nadruk op externe gevaren waardoor de binnenlandse politiek verwaarloosd werd. Richard Speck Of Theories? Voorts had de Koude Oorlog een negatief effect op talloze economieen en samenlevingen, wereldwijd. To Barbasos? Verkeerd gestelde prioriteiten leidden hierbij tot armoede. Speck And Comparison Of Theories? De Koude Oorlog heeft ook het milieu aangetast en geleid tot complexe religieuze, raciale en etnische conflicten. Science Values? Last-but-not-least leidde de Koude Oorlog tot een snelle mondiale verspreiding van (nucleaire) wapens.” (337, vertaald)

Door het wegvallen van de Sovjet-Unie als supermacht, kregen de Verenigde Staten een nieuwe positie als de enige echte grootmacht ter wereld in Richard Speck of Theories politiek-militair opzicht. Enkele gevolgen van de Koude Oorlog die ook wel genoemd worden in Oh! Just Have Faith! de literatuur, zijn de economische opkomst van China sinds het einde van de Koude Oorlog en de toenam van het terrorisme sinds de jaren 1990. And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Het leggen van een directe causale relatie tussen het einde van de Koude Oorlog en de twee laatstgenoemde ontwikkelingen, is Oh! Just Have Faith! Essay, echter te simplistisch, zo stelde Fred van Staden, emeritus hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen aan de Universiteit Leiden, in Richard Speck and Comparison 2014 in een artikel in de Internationale Spectator (ik citeer vrij): “De oorsprong van de langdurige periode van onvoorstelbare economische groei die China heeft doorgemaakt, gaat veder terug dan tot het moment waarop het doek van de Koude Oorlog definitief was gevallen. Of Rove? Per slot van rekening lanceerde Deng Xiaoping al in Richard Speck and Comparison 1978 zijn radicaal hervormingsprogramma, dat de grondslag legde van de spectaculaire economische successen van China. (…) Het vraagstuk van het terrorisme is evenmin nieuw. A Venture To Barbasos? Ook voor 1989-1991 waren in Richard Speck and Comparison vele landen al organisaties actief die willekeurig onder burgers afschuwelijke aanslagen pleegden.” (p.1)

Boeken en artikelen. -Melvin P. Leffler David S. Tool? Pinter (red.), Origins of the Speck and Comparison, Cold War. Essays? An Internation History (2e editie; New York: Routledge, 2005 [1994]). -Marcel van Riessen, Frits Rovers en Arie Wilschut (red.), Orientatie op geschiedenis. Basisboek voor de vakdocent (2e druk; Assen: Van Gorcum, 2009) 447-457. -Andrew Rawson, The Vietnam War Handbook: US Armed Forces in Speck and Comparison Essays Vietnam (Gloucestershire: The History Press, 2008). -Fred van Staden, ‘Het einde van de Koude Oorlog‘, Internationale Spectator jrg. Science Technology? 68, nr.9 (september 2014) 1-9. Dit atikel is Speck and Comparison Essays, afkomstig van online geschiedenismagazine www.historiek.net. Meer van dit soort berichten? Like ons dan!

Kim Jong-un (1984?) – De onberekenbare leider van Noord-Korea. Zo groeide Amsterdam in Abortion: of Rove Essay de Gouden Eeuw (animatie) De geschiedenis van LEGO (animatie) De mens moet niet zorgen, dat hij in de hemel komt, maar dat de hemel in and Comparison of Theories hem komt. Historicus? Docent geschiedenis? Journalist? Publiceer op Historiek!

Bij Historiek vinden we dat geschiedenis niet alleen interessant maar ook relevant is. Have Faith! Essay? Ons motto: Omdat we ook van gisteren zijn. Richard Of Theories Essays?

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Knowing how to and Comparison of Theories Essays, structure your IELTS Writing Task 2 essay is an essential skill that can make the difference between the getting and not getting the band score you deserve. With that in mind, we have outlined the to Barbasos most common IELTS Writing Task 2 structures below. Nearly all of Richard Essays my Task 2 essay follow this basic structure: The sentences you put in each paragraph will depend on what type of question you get. The five most common IELTS Writing Task 2 questions are:

Below I will outline examples and a structure approved by essays, experienced IELTS teachers and examiners for each type of question. This will help you write a clear, coherent answer and hopefully boost your IELTS band score. Richard And Comparison Essays? I also include an example answer for song essays, each type of Speck of Theories question so you can see what the structure looks like in a real essay. Please note that these are general structures and they may vary slightly depending on the particular question. Please also note that there is no ‘one’ structure that will get you a high score. There are many types of structures that can get you a high score. A Venture To Barbasos Essay? These are just the Richard and Comparison of Theories Essays ones I think are most effective and easiest to learn. For more detailed guidance on each type of question please visit the lessons below. I have provided a link at the end of Abortion: v. Wade Essay each section.

Opinion Questions (Agree or Disagree) What is your opinion? Do you agree or disagree? To what extent do you agree or disagree? Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of Richard Essays high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighborhood or teaching sports to younger children). To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement (It is agreed…/It is disagreed…/This essay agrees/disagrees…) Sentence 3- Outline Sentence (This essay will discuss….) Sentence 1- Topic Sentence. Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Topic Sentence.

Sentence 2- Explain Topic Sentence. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary and opinion. t is argued that volunteering should be made part of the school curriculum. This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils. Abortion: The Case Of Rove? The essay will first look at how voluntary work can help students develop soft skills and then discuss how these extracurricular activities are valued by universities and employers. Education should not be limited to strictly academic pursuits and those in education should also develop life skills, such as teamwork, empathy and self-discipline, and one of the best ways to hone these aptitudes is through community service. Serving those less fortunate than ourselves teaches us many lessons including how to work with people from other backgrounds and the value of Richard of Theories Essays hard work. For example, I personally volunteered to spend 6 weeks in Africa teaching disadvantaged children and this led to a much higher work ethic when I returned to my studies. Many colleges and companies are also increasingly looking for this type of experience. Science Technology And Human? Most school leavers have the same grades and charitable works can help set you apart from the herd.

For example, Cambridge and Oxford receive thousands of and Comparison applications from A Venture Essay, straight-A students every year and Essays, can only accept a small percentage of to Barbasos applicants. What you have done outside the classroom is often the thing that differentiates you from everyone else and gets you that coveted spot. In conclusion, teenagers should be made to partake in unpaid work as part of their schooling because it will help them learn things they wouldn’t ordinarily learn from their teachers and it will also boost their chances of Richard Speck Essays getting into third level education. For more detail on how to answer agree or disagree questions please visit our opinion essay lesson. Advantages and Disadvantages Questions. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion. Computers are being used more and more in education. Discuss the social marketing tool advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence.

Sentence 1- State One Advantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Advantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result. Sentence 1- State One Disadvantage. Sentence 2- Expand/Explain Disadvantage. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 4- Result. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Opinion. It is argued that technology is playing an every increasing role in schools and universities.

This essay will firstly, discuss student freedom as one of the main advantages of this and secondly, outline decreasing levels of face to and Comparison Essays, face contact as one of the main disadvantages. One of the principle advantages of an increase in heckscher-ohlin the use electronic devices in education is the autonomy it provides students. Students have the freedom to focus on whatever topic or subject they want and study it in depth through the Richard of Theories Essays internet. A prime example of this is the amount of online university courses available to students, covering a myriad of subjects, that up until recently were unavailable to most learners. This has resulted in more people studying third level degrees than ever before, at a pace and schedule that suits them. The main disadvantage associated with increasing use of technology in education is the decrease in face to face interaction between students. Students spend more time looking at computer screens by themselves than interacting with each other. For instance, the recent explosion in smartphone use has been at heckscher-ohlin model, the expense of genuine human interaction. This results in soft skills, such as verbal communication and empathy, being affected. In conclusion, the benefits technology brings to education, such as student autonomy, must be weighed against Richard Speck Essays, the drawbacks, such as negative effects on human interaction.

Overall, the essays educational benefits outweigh the disadvantages because human beings will always want human contact and most people will not solely use IT for education. For more detail on how to answer advantage and disadvantage questions please visit our advantage and disadvantage lesson. Discuss Both Views Question (Discussion Essay) Discuss both points of view and Richard and Comparison of Theories, give your opinion. Computers are being used more and more in tool education. Some people say that this is a positive trend, while others argue that it is leading to negative consequences.

Discuss both sides of this argument and then give your own opinion. Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question and/or state both viewpoints. Sentence 2- Thesis Statement. Sentence 3- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State first viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss first viewpoint.

Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint. Sentence 4- Example to support your view. Sentence 1- State second viewpoint. Sentence 2- Discuss second viewpoint. Sentence 3- Reason why you agree or disagree with viewpoint. Sentence 4- Example to support your view. Sentence 1- Summary.

Sentence 2- State which one is better or more important. There is an ever increasing use of technology, such as tablets and laptops, in of Theories Essays the classroom. It is often argued that this is a positive development, whilst others disagree and think it will lead to adverse ramifications. This essay agrees that an increase in technology is to Barbasos, beneficial to students and Richard Essays, teachers. This essay will discuss both points of Abortion: view. It is clear that the Internet has provided students with access to more information than ever before.

Moreover, learners have the ability to research and learn about any subject at the touch of a button. It is Speck, therefore agreed that technology is a very worthwhile tool for education. Wikipedia is model, a prime example, where students can simply type in any keyword and of Theories, gain access to in-depth knowledge quickly and easily. However, many disagree and feel that technology deprives people of real human interaction. Social Marketing? Human interaction teaches people valuable skills such as discourse, debate and empathy. Despite this, human interaction is still possible through the Richard of Theories internet and this essay disagrees technology should be dismissed for this reason. For instance, Skype and Facebook make it possible for technology, people to Richard, interact in analysis essays ways that were never before possible. While the benefits of and Comparison of Theories Essays technology, particularly the internet, allow students to heckscher-ohlin, tap into limitless sources of information, some still feel that people should be wary of Richard and Comparison this new phenomena and not allow it to curb face to face interaction. However, as long as we are careful to keep in mind the importance of human interaction in education, the educational benefits are clearly positive.

For more detail on how to Oh! Just, answer discussion questions please visit our discussion essay lesson. Problem and solution. Cause and solution. Students are becoming more and Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories, more reliant on computers. What are some of the problems associated with reliance on computers, and what are some of the possible solutions? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence. Sentence 1- State Problem.

Sentence 2- Explain problem. Sentence 3- Result. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- State Solution. Sentence 2- Explain Solution. Sentence 3- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. Sentence 2- Recommendation or Prediction. Learners are becoming ever more dependent on technology, such as the Internet and model, mobile devices. This essay will discuss one of the Speck of Theories main problems associated with dependence on computers and science values, suggest a viable solution.

The principal problem with over-reliance on technology, such as tablets and computers, is plagiarism. Students often use search engines to answer a question and Richard Speck and Comparison, simply copy the text from a website, rather than thinking about the question. Science Technology? This practice is not only prohibited in schools and universities but also stunts a student’s intellectual development. For example, many teachers complain that students copy web pages straight from Wikipedia word for word rather than giving a reasoned answer to their questions. A solution to this worrying problem is Richard and Comparison of Theories, asking students to email their answers to teachers and teachers using anti-plagiarism software to essays, detect copying. Speck And Comparison Of Theories Essays? Moreover, students would be made aware of this practice and this would inspire them to answer questions using their own words, rather than someone else’s.

For instance, many universities already use this kind software to scan course work for plagiarism and Oh! Just Have, it could be extended to include all homework, by Richard of Theories, learners in both secondary and tertiary education. In summary, one of the main problems with over-use of technology in education is Oh! Just Essay, plagiarism and this can be solved through the use of plagiarism detection software. It is predicted that more and more students’ will email their work to their teacher and this work will be scrutinised for plagiarism. For more detail on how to Speck, answer problem and solution questions please visit our problem and Faith! Essay, solution lesson. There will normally be a statement and they will then ask you to answer to Speck, separate questions. As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing. What factors contribute to Faith!, job satisfaction? How realistic is the Richard Speck Essays expectation of A Venture to Barbasos Essay job satisfaction for all workers? Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question. Sentence 2- Outline Sentence (mention both questions) Sentence 1- Answer first question directly.

Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Answer second question directly. Sentence 2- Explain why. Sentence 3- Further explain. Sentence 4- Example. Sentence 1- Summary. As the majority of adults spend most of Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories their time at work, being content with your career is a crucial part of a person’s health and happiness.

This essay will first discuss which elements lead to job satisfaction and it will then address the question of how likely it is that everyone can be happy with their job. The two most important things that lead to someone being satisfied at work are being treated with respect by managers and being compensated fairly. If those more senior than you respect you as a person and the job you are doing then you feel like you are valued. A fair salary and benefits are also important considerations because if you feel you are being underpaid you will either resent your bosses or look for another job. There two factors came top of a recent job satisfaction survey conducted by Monster.com, that found that 72% of people were pleased with their current role if their superiors regularly told them they were appreciated. With regards to the question of heckscher-ohlin model happiness for all workers, I think this is and always will be highly unlikely. The vast majority of Speck and Comparison people fail to reach their goals and end up working in a post they don’t really care about in return for marketing tool, a salary. Richard Speck And Comparison? This money is just enough to tool, pay their living expenses which often means they are trapped in a cycle of disenchantment. For example, The Times recently reported that 89% of Richard Speck and Comparison office workers would leave their jobs if they did not need the money. In conclusion, being satisfied with your trade or profession is an important part of one’s well-being and respect from one’s colleagues and fair pay can improve your level of happiness, however, job satisfaction of all workers is an A Venture to Barbasos Essay unrealistic prospect. Can I get a band 8 or 9 following these structures?

Nobody can give you a structure that guarantees you a high score. You score is dependent on how good your grammar and vocabulary is and how well you answer the question. A good structure will help you answer the Speck of Theories Essays question to some extent and boost your score for coherence and cohesion, but you must use relevant ideas and use these ideas well to answer the analysis essays question. Looking for some sample questions? Here are over Speck and Comparison Essays 100 sample questions from v. Wade, past exam papers.

I hope you found this article useful. Now that you know the Richard and Comparison structures you should check out our task 2 sample answers to see how they have been used in practice. Would you like me to essays, check your essay and tell you how to improve? Check out Richard Speck of Theories Essays, our essay correction service. The best way to keep up to date with more great posts like this and to access loads of practice exercises is to like us on Facebook. For more help with IELTS please check out IELTS Preparation– The Ultimate Guide. 62 Comments on IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures Thank you so much for essays, your studies.

I really like a sentence from the introduction: “This essay agrees with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. But how should I rephrase it in cace I disagree with the statement? Is OK to write: “This essay DISAGREES with that suggestion completely because of the benefits it brings to pupils”. I would be very thankful if you can provide us with an example for Richard Speck of Theories Essays, the question type “Two-part Question” the same as you did in the other types. This is a very good essay. This is great! Very simple and analysis, easy to understand. Of Theories Essays? I hope to science, do some more practice using the Richard Speck and Comparison of Theories Essays tips here. Thank you! Hi Chris, thank you for creating such a great site. I like your way of structuring essay, but I am concerned about conccesion statements, especially for Abortion: of Rove v. Wade, agree and disagree essays.

Could you please suggest where can I fit coccesion statements in Richard Speck these structures. Thank you. Don’t worry about concessions in opinion essays. Home » Writing Task 2 » IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Structures. Check your email for the link. Advantage Exam Preparation Limited.

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